blast from the past

blast from the past
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annual hamite award

OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 1973:
Soul Train
    Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 until 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip-hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared.

    The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.

    Production was suspended following the 2005–06 season, with a rerun package (known as The Best of Soul Train) airing for two years subsequently. As a nod to Soul Train's longevity, the show's opening sequence during later seasons contained a claim that it was the "longest-running first-run, nationally syndicated program in American television history," with over 1,100 episodes produced from the show's debut through the 2005-06 season.

    Despite the production hiatus, Soul Train will continue to hold that honor until at least 2016, if and when its nearest competitor, Entertainment Tonight, completes its 35th season. If ET does not complete a 35th season, Wheel of Fortune will surpass it in 2018 if it continues to air.

    Sometimes I wonder if African Americans really and truly understand how special we are. Our African American ancestors sailed rough and vicious seas to a land filled with hate against them, forced to work day after day from sunrise to sunset and still kept a positive attitude, and even after all of this cruel treatment were able to create something out of nothing with soul music.

    Not to say there is anything wrong with Polka music, (Lawrence Welk, and a one, and a two...) but that's what America would be if it weren't for our ancestors, soul-less. Soul music is admired worldwide and is truly an original American success story.

    I'm sure everyone agrees with this 1973 Hamite Award winner choice. Soul Train brought and kept the black community together. For those of us that didn't know how to dance, we would gaze at the Soul Train dancers and wish we were like them. Thanks to Don Cornelius for giving the black community and the world a positive outlet. We miss it.

Soul Train
The Staple Singers with Don Cornelius on Soul Train
photo #108-yr-1971







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1973

happy mood of blacks


POOR DICKIE IS IN TROUBLE NOW!



richerd nixon


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african american first

 For the year 1973:
  • Lonne Elder III and Suzanne de Passe  were the first African-Americans to be nominated for the Academy Award for writing.



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green door to success

Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.

The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. He was able to dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.

Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.

Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humankind. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.

green door to success




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blacks and basketball

Monte Irvin
Monte Irvin
photo #103-yr-1919

Willie  Mays
Willie Mays
photo #103-yr-1931

O J Simpson
O J Simpson
photo #110-yr-1973

George Foreman
George Foreman
photo #111-yr-1973

Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
photo #105-yr-1969

      Sports in 1973
  • January 22, 1973 - Slugger George Foreman knocks out Smokin Joe Frazier in 2 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • February 1, 1973 - Baseball's Monte Irvin is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame.

  • March 31, 1973 - Fighter Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a close 12 round split decision.

  • June 20, 1973 - San Francisco Giants Bobby Bonds sets an National League record with 22 lead off homeruns.

  • July 24, 1973 - Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants wins the All star Most Valuable Player.

  • September 1, 1973 - George Foreman knocks out Jose "King" Roman in 1 round for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • September 10, 1973 - Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton

  • September 16, 1973 - O J Simpson playing for the Buffalo Bills rushed for 250 yards in a game against the New England Pats.

  • September 19, 1973 - Baseball's Frank Robinson homers in a record 32 Major League baseball parks.

  • November 13, 1973 - Oakland A's Reggie Jackson wins the American league MVP unanimously.

  • December 16, 1973 - O J Simpson rushed for a record 2,003 yards, becoming the first player ever to pass the 2,000-yard mark, and scored 12 touchdowns.

  • Monford Merrill "Monte" Irvin  was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Trivia: Irvin played for the Giants in 1951. That year Irvin teamed with Hank Thompson and Willie Mays to form the first all-black outfield in the majors. During that same season, manager Leo Durocher asked Irvin to mentor the younger Mays. Mays later said, "In my time, when I was coming up, you had to have some guidance. And Monte was like my brother. I couldn't go anywhere without him, especially on the road... It was just a treat to be around him. I didn't understand life in New York until I met Monte. He knew everything about what was going on and he protected me dearly." Irvin later replied, "I did that for two years, and in the third year he started showing me around."



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famous african american quotes      Famous African American Quotes
    Willie Mays -   fell down in the outfield during a play where he was hindered by the glare of the sun in the 1973 World Series. Mays later said:

    "growing old is just a helpless hurt."


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What Was The Jonestown Massacre?


cult leader jim jones

The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.

While the Temple originated in Indiana in the 1950s, after leader Jim Jones predicted an apocalypse that would create a socialist Eden on earth, it moved to Redwood Valley, California in the late 1960s. Its headquarters later moved into San Francisco, where Jones remained until July 1977, when Jones fled with almost 1,000 Temple members to Jonestown, Guyana following investigations by local media.

On the evening of November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, Jones ordered his congregation to drink cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. In all, 918 people died, including over 270 children, resulting in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the incidents of September 11, 2001. Congressman Leo Ryan was among those killed at the airstrip.




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Congressional Black Caucus
Founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus. Standing L-R: Parren Mitchell, Charles Rangel,
Bill Clay, Ron Dellums, George W. Collins, Louis Stokes, Ralph Metcalfe, John Conyers, and Walter Fauntroy.
Seated L-R: Robert N.C. Nix, Sr., Charles Diggs, Shirley Chisholm, and Augustus F. Hawkins.

photo #111-yr-1971

ballot box

Richard M. Nixon
Richard M. Nixon
photo #106-yr-1969

Tom Bradley
Tom Bradley
photo #112-yr-1973

Salvador Allende
Salvador Allende
photo #115-yr-1973

Black Liberation Army


Weather Underground

     Political Scene in 1973
  • 1973 - Richard M. Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974 when becaue of the Watergate scandal became the only U.S. president to resign the office. Nixon had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.

  • January 23, 1973 - United States President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end the very unpopular Vietnam War.

  • July 1, 1973 - Tom Bradley becomes the 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, California. The first African-American to ever hold that position.

  • September 11, 1973 - Salvador Allende was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections. He died in a coup d'état sponsored by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Sidenote:The following info has little to do with African American issues but has everything to do with the country we live in. The Salvador Allende story shows how it imposed it's strong will on smaller countries because of it's financial and political interest. Allende was a very popular President for the working class and soon after taking office in 1970, raised the wages of the poor, improved their healthcare, made it possible to purchase goods they only previously could dream. This man was elected by the Chilean people fair and square but from day one and even before he was elected the American government sought to get rid of him by sneaky, underhanded acts of interference in their government affairs. Chile was a major exporter of copper and American companies that had set up shop didn't want Allende in power, so ultimately Richard Nixon approved the CIA to indirectly snuff him out in a coup as stated in declassified data now available for public viewing. The point is if these leaders of America can perpetrate and enforce their will in another country. Would they do the same against their own citizens?

  • October 16, 1973 - Maynard Jackson is elected the first black mayor of Atlanta, Georgia.

  • November 6, 1973 - Coleman Young is elected mayor of Detroit, Michigan.

  • November 17, 1973 - United States President Richard Nixon tells the Associated Press "...people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook".

  • 1973 - The Black Liberation Army was an underground, black nationalist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Composed largely of former Black Panthers (BPP), the organization's program was one of "armed struggle" against the oppression and tyranny of the U.S. Government, and its stated goal was to "take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States." The BLA carried out a series of bombings, murders, robberies (which participants termed "expropriations"), and prison breaks.

  • 1973 - Weather Underground was a white American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization". Their bombing campaign targeted mostly government buildings, along with several banks and called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of U.S. imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism". The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973 and became defunct by the mid seventies.



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famous african american quotes      Famous African American Quotes
    Tom Bradley -  first black mayor of Los Angeles, California

    "When I came on the department, there were literally two assignments for black officers. You either worked Newton Street Division, which has a predominantly black community, or you worked traffic downtown. You could not work with a white officer, and that continued until 1964."


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black school teacher

The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks

A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.


There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.


The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thank you America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.


Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.


Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.


A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.


Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his fantastic African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of extraordinary beauty.



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get your drink on
Getting Faded in the 70s

Long Islands Iced Tea
The Long Island Iced Tea was named for its resemblance to non-alcoholic Iced tea.
photo #101-yr-1979

The Manhattans
Having fun with my peoples, getting faded and blastin The Manhattans
photo #105c-yr-1979

having fun in the 70s
Eating, drinkin and having fun in the 70s
photo #library

     Getting Faded and Having Fun in 1973
    For some people back in the 70s, it was nothing better than hanging out with your peoples, talking smack or quietly listening, laughing and getting faded on the following feel good liquors:

    Wines:
  • Ripple
  • TJ Swan
  • Cisco
  • Wild Irish Rose
  • Boone's Farm

  • Thunderbird -- "What's the word? Thunderbird, How's it sold? Good and cold, What's the jive? Bird's alive, What's the price? Thirty twice."

  • Tingle
  • MD 20/20
  • Night Train
  • Tango
  • Cold Duck

  • MD 20/20
    photo#112

    Beers:
  • Colt 45
  • Rainier
  • Old English
  • Schlitz Malt


  • Hard Liquor:
  • Korbel Brandy
  • E & J Brandy
  • Gin and Grapefruit Juice
  • Tequila Sunrise
  • Screwdrivers
  • Bacardi Cocktail
  • Daiquiri
  • Pina Colada


  • Cigarettes:
  • Kool
  • Salem


  • Tequila Sunrise
    Tequila Sunrise garnished
    with orange & cherry
    photo#114a


    I still have a headache, but had a blast!


    Don't forget those wild and loud games of dominoes with folks slamming bones on the table and running off at the mouth. Here are some of the trash words being said:

    dominoes
    Dominoes
    photo#library


  • HEY! hit me five times
  • Who dat knocking at my door?
  • Fish and bread keep po' men fed
  • All money ain't good money
  • Beef steak and gravy
  • Ten keys, come and get some of these
  • 4 hoes and a pimp
  • 3 switchin bitches
  • Rock and I'm out


  • Can't have fun without those beats, these are the songs that were blasting on the turntable in 1973 while enjoying ourselves:

    music in the 70s
    Beats in the 70s   - photo#library

  • Killing Me Softly With His Song, Roberta Flack
  • Let's Get It On, Marvin Gaye
  • Will It Go Round in Circles, Billy Preston
  • Touch Me In the Morning, Diana Ross
  • Me and Mrs. Jones, Billy Paul
  • Sunshine of My Life, Stevie Wonder
  • That Lady, Pts. 1 & 2, The Isley Brothers
  • Superstition, Stevie Wonder
  • Love Train, The O'Jays
  • I'm Gonna Love You, Baby, Barry White
  • Keep On Truckin', Pt. 1, Eddie Kendricks
  • Natural High , Bloodstone
  • If You Want Me to Stay, Sly & Family Stone
  • Could It Be I'm Falling In Love, The Spinners
  • Superfly, Curtis Mayfield


  • WOW! I miss 1973



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 american standards
 american standards

"all men are created equal"
The cornerstone of American Principles
But is it true, or just empty words?



Well, once again we have to go back in history to get the likely answer.

Just imagine in your mind what America was going through in it's beginning. Poor European immigrants from around the world braved the mighty oceans traveling to the "New World" for a better life. Anything was better than where they were leaving.

The church had dominated the thinking of Europeans for many years but with the invention of the printing press and sharing of information they slowly began forming their ideas and belief systems independent of the church. One of these beliefs was in social science which taught the Negro was an inferior ape-like creature with no prospect for advancement and whites were superior to them.

Sounds silly I know, but Europeans believed it (and some still do today). They brought these beliefs with them to America. This is the reason whites didn't want anything whatsoever to do with blacks because in their superior way of thinking it would be a step backward to intermingle and share America with people of African descent whom they considered beast like.


the negro is a beast
https://archive.org/stream/thenegrobeastori00carrrich/


Europeans were much smarter and more advanced than Africans. Africans were a tribal people lost in time practicing all sorts of superstitious traditions. Leaders didn't teach their citizens to read or write, and much of African history was lost forever because of this failure. Africans would pass their culture down to the next generation orally.


The Sahara Desert kept these Sub Saharan Africans landlocked away from the rest of the world and because of this fact were not able to share in the worlds new love for education and science. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/15735/15735-h/15735-h.htm


When Africans finally collided with the Europeans through the slave trade, they were shocked at the degree of hate these people had against them. Europeans loved science because it excused them from a moral conscience they had been burdened with in their practice of religion. So when they raped, pillaged, and murdered they did so in the name of science or white superiority which made it perfectly O.K. with their hearts.


After the Africans made it to America and were forced to work as slaves, it took many years until white people began to feel they were wrong about the mistreatment of blacks and started movements to free them. After slavery was finally abolished in 1863, another form of hate and discrimination would appear on the scene named Jim Crow.


After Abraham Lincoln had died, every single U.S. President up unto Lyndon Baines Johnson would ignore the Declaration of Independence principle that "All men are created equal" and violated the law of the land by disobeying our U.S. Constitution that guaranteed Negroes first class citizenship with Jim Crow laws. They just refused to accept blacks as equals. Throughout history this was referred to as the "Negro Problem"


It would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.

Some of the early Americans who penned the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution which was essentially a moral roadmap for all Americans to live by were honest to true goodness Americans who understood the vision for the United States.


But on the other hand, this true vision of America was too lofty for most whites to follow. They sought only to take from our country for their selfish gains. They considered themselves privileged ones.


But not all were anti-American.


Great men such as Wiliam Whipple who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence was a true American.


During the Revolutionary War period Whipple wrote as follows to Josiah Bartlett, “The last accounts from South Carolina were favorable. A recommendation is gone thither for raising some regiments of blacks. This, I suppose, will lay a foundation for the emancipation of those wretches in that country. I hope it will be the means of dispensing the blessings of Freedom to all the human race in America.”  William Whipple


Even though these true Americans like William Whipple didn't particularly like blacks, they were special people because they put their personal feelings on the back burner and American ideals and principles first. William Whipple could not sign the Declaration of Independence and own slaves at the same time, so what did he do? He set his slave free. Many other true early Americans did the same thing.


william whipple
William Whipple, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and a true American
photo#105-yr-2015

But most American leaders chose to ignore American ideals and principles for their advantage and held on to their slaves, and after slavery was outlawed created illegal laws that made a joke of the U.S. Constitution, and trashed the Declaration of Independence which was anything but being true American and this is the way it remained until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.


Not much has changed. We still have a strong racist element in America and will continue to do so until this dark period in America's history is talked about and hashed out between the races. Many white Americans will probably never change their negative view of blacks which was initiated by erring scientist years ago and continue to pass their hate down from generation to generation.


So what does this have to do with American standards?


America in its infancy was slowly creating a standard that would become admired over the world. Although quickly fading from practice in our day the American standard consisted of honesty in business dealings, promoting fairness, practicing proper relationships, justice, civility, right dress, speech, eating, and anything positive that enriched the community as a whole. Yes, even racist anti-Americans understood and lived by these standards when it didn't conflict with their hate.


Now here's the problem.


With blacks finally attaining enforcement of their civil rights in the 1960s, many didn't quite know which standard to live. Many wondered to themselves, "Should we live under the American standard where many were unkind to us and made us feel unwelcome or continue living under the old Negro standard that was adopted during and after slavery?"


In the following movie, great black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux created a film entitled "Birthright" which was about a well spoken black man named (Peter) who left his Southern roots to go to Harvard and obtain his education. He returned to the south with the hopes of opening up schools to teach the young black kids. He met a beautiful woman (Sissy), and both shared a mutual love interest, and while at a house he was living they had a conversation where she mentioned that since he had an education, he now lived under a different code or (standard) than the other black people in the Southern town. Sissy tells him that since he changed his code (standard) and returned to judge the residents, it wasn't fair. Blacks in the city still lived by the old Negro code or standard. This movie can be found in its entirety on Netflix under (Pioneers of African-American Cinema) There are still many blacks today who live by this old Negro code or standard.



What's a Negro standard?


Many blacks took pride in being different from white America, even down to this day. So during slavery we created our special language to communicate with each other (AAVE), our flashy style of dress, our own and unique way we dealt with one another, it's a standard white people just wouldn't understand, and we loved it because it belonged to us. It's how we survived for decades.


 american standards

Did blacks hold onto the old Negro standard
after the Civil Rights movement?


After the 60s, it wasn't easy trying to blend in and assimilate into the American way of doing things, especially when you know there are ones that hate you. It could be very discouraging. It was especially hard on our black men. But happily many blacks made the smart choice of choosing the American standard, even though they knew they would be called Uncle Toms or sellouts by members of our race for trying to act white or like the enemy as they saw it.


These people were wise because they understood just like the slaves of old what this country was founded on and this gave them strength to live as true Americans. They could care less about racist whites and their hate for us or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them. They remembered true American brothers like William Whipple and made their mind to follow the American standard of living.


Now if these blacks had stayed in the old Negro standard, they would have been left behind. You cannot blend the American standard with the old Negro standard. It would never work, and that goes for others such as Mexicans, Chinese, Middle Eastern, etc. We all must live by one standard way of doing things in America, even if we may hate one another.


So, if one from the old Negro standard wants to achieve it would be a mistake to look at it as trying to be white. No, we are working to be better Americans, true Americans. Browse through this website and learn about the countless number of blacks who died so that we could attempt this.


After the Civil Rights movement when whites were finally able to have contact with blacks through the event of integration many came to the realization that blacks were not much different than themselves. We're all humans, not like those crazy racist scientists preached as fact years ago to ruin America. They have much blood on their hands.


We must achieve and become victorious even under the bad hand of white racist which without a doubt we will encounter on our American journey. The only difference is today; it's not out in the open like it once was.


But on the other hand, we will also encounter the William Whipple's of the world. How do you think we elected a black President? It couldn't have been accomplished without white people. That in a sense was William voting for our first black president. So when issues arise, don't hate America, if you must hate at all hate the actions of the anti-American racist who reside in her.


 american standards


We can't let anyone hold us back from achieving our dreams which wouldn't make any sense believing "I'm gonna waste my life away with selfish pleasure seeking because of the white man, and also my homies will call me a sellout if I attempt to better myself." which is the thinking from the old Negro standard.


We must all strive to be sharp, smart, successful and proud African Americans living under American standards because it's the best in the world and many of our ancestors died for the opportunity we have today.


So to answer the above question, are all men created equal? It depends on who point of view you take. If you look through the eyes of racist anti-American people, then we are not created equal, but if you look at it through the eyes of true Americans, yes without a doubt we are all created equal and share mutually in achieving in America which is the greatest country in the world.


I think I'll look at it through the eyes of true America, like our friend and American brother William Whipple.


images:
https://pixabay.com/en/businessman-male-business-avatar-310819/
https://pixabay.com/en/man-avatar-blue-people-black-297303/
https://pixabay.com/en/stick-figures-family-people-146965/
https://pixabay.com/en/person-sales-man-tie-avatar-312160/
https://pixabay.com/en/justice-scales-fairness-impartial-683942/



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slang and memorable quotes
slang african americans      sLANG tALK in 1973
  • Do Your Own Thing!  - whatever pleases you
  • Be yourself!  - don't be a fake
  • Do what you want to do  - whatever pleases you
  • Laid Back  - taking it easy, relaxed
  • Psyche  - excited, energized
  • The Crib and going to the Gig  - home
  • The Gig  - job
  • Dream On  - hopeful
  • Kicks   - shoes
  • Mackin   - gettin the girls
  • Off The Hook  - extra cool
  • Old School   - old fashioned
  • Pad  - home
  • In Your Face!  - victory
  • That's Sick!  - awesome
  • The Man  - police
  • To The Max  - maximum
  • Yo Mama  - term of endearment, joking around
  • Chill   - take it easy
  • Feel Tha Funk   - groove and feel the music
  • Catch My Drift   - do you understand?
  • Chillaxin   - relaxing
  • Chump  - punk
  • Copasetic   - something cool, hip
  • Don't Bogart  - don't hold the joint too long, pass it around
  • Doobie   - a joint
  • Dude   - a guy
  • For Rizzle   - I didn't know that
  • Foxy   - sexy girl
  • Gimme Five  - cool handshake
  • Hood   - a ghetto person
  • Trippin   - going wacko
  • Pig  - police
  • Pimpin   - a guy good with the ladies
  • Dig It  - understand
  • Backatcha!   - you too
  • Brick House  - super fine woman
  • Can You Dig It  - you understand?
  • Right On   - agree
  • Stone Groove  - extra cool and fun


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 Richard Pryor
Alan Alda, Lilly Tomlin and Richard Pryor from Tomlin's 1973 CBS Television special, Lilly
photo #114-yr-1973

black Movies in America

Rodney Allen Rippy
Rodney Allen Rippy who starred in Jack in the Box television commercials in the 1970s.
- photo #116-yr-1970

Clarence Williams III of Mod Squad
Clarence Williams III of Mod Squad
photo #110-yr-1968

Room 222
Lloyd Haynes and Michael Constantine from the television program Room 222
photo #103-yr-1969

Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher as Peggy Fair and Mark Stewart as her son, Toby, from the television program Mannix.
photo #113-yr-1968

 Sanford and Son
Sanford and Son
photo #107-yr-1972

The Flip Wilson Show
The Flip Wilson Show
photo #117-yr-1970

     Television / Movies in 1973
    Movies:
  • The Mack - Richard Pryor (as Slim)

  • Wattstax - Richard Pryor (documentary film)

  • Hit! - Richard Pryor (as Mike Willmer)

  • Some Call It Loving - Richard Pryor (drama film )



    Television:
  • The Mod Squad which aired from 1968-1973 was a show we wouldn't dare to miss. It felt good to see a fresh black character such as an undercover cop, Linc Hayes taking care of business. It was also kind of cool the way Julie (Peggy Lipton) and Pete (Michael Cole) included him in all of their adventures. It made us feel like maybe one-day racism would be stamped out and we could all work and live together peacefully because of this show.

  • Sanford and Son which aired from 1972-1977 was a show we could go to to get our laugh on. We grew up with Redd Foxx, so we knew of his reputation and raw delivery with comedy. Poor Lamont, always getting the worst hand when dealing with his dad, but dad did it all with love. In 2007, Time magazine included the show on their list of the "100 Best TV Shows of All Time". The Sanford and Son show is dearly missed.

  • Mission: Impossible series aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to March 1973. It chronicles the missions of a team of secret government agents known as the Impossible Missions Force (IMF). Barnard "Barney" Collier (Greg Morris), a mechanical and electronics genius and owner of Collier Electronics was a true inspiration to blacks back in the 70s, finally a black man that used his brains in a television role.

  • Room 222 was a comedy-drama television series which aired on ABC from September 17, 1969 until January 11, 1974. The series focused on an American history class at the fictional Walt Whitman High School in LA, California. The class was taught by Pete Dixon (Lloyd Haynes), an idealistic African-American schoolteacher. Other characters featured in the show were the school's compassionate guidance counselor, Liz McIntyre (Denise Nicholas), who was also Pete's girlfriend; the dryly humorous school principal, Seymour Kaufman (Michael Constantine); and the petite and enthusiastic Alice Johnson (Karen Valentine), a student teacher.

  • Mannix was an American television detective series that ran from 1967 to 1975 on CBS. Gail Fisher was best known for playing the role of the secretary "Peggy Fair" on the television detective series, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award.

  • The Flip Wilson Show was so funny. The show aired from 1970-1974 and won numerous awards. Flip made the black community feel proud that a person of color could be so successful. He inspired many. He was a truly talented comedian. He had us in tears with his character Geraldine Jones, who would dress up like a woman and brag about her boyfriend Killa, and whose line "The devil made me do it" became a national catchphrase. Older people in the community especially got a big laugh from this character; he was hilarious and convincing!

  • Lena Horne - Sesame Street (as herself, Episode #5.1, November 19, 1973)

  • Lena Horne - Sanford & Son ("A Visit from Lena Horne" as herself, #2. January 12, 1973)

  • Richard Pryor - Lilly Tomlin's 1973 CBS Television special, Lilly



  • Blaxploitation Films:
    movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences

  • Black Caesar: played by Fred Williamson, a street smart hoodlum who has worked his way up to being the crime boss of Harlem.

  • Blackenstein: A parody of Frankenstein and features a black Frankenstein's monster.

  • Cleopatra Jones : stars Tamara Dobson as a karate-chopping government agent.

  • Coffy: played by Pam Grieris a nurse turned vigilante who takes revenge on all those who hooked her 11-year-old sister on heroin.

  • Detroit 9000: set in Detroit, MI, features street-smart white detective Danny Bassett (Alex Rocco) who teams with educated black detective Sgt. Jesse Williams (Hari Rhodes) to investigate the theft of $400,000 at a fund-raiser for Representative Aubrey Hale Clayton (Rudy Challenger).

  • Gordon's War: stars Paul Winfield as a Vietnam vet who recruits ex-Army buddies to fight the Harlem drug dealers and pimps responsible for the heroin-fueled death of his wife.

  • The Mack: A film starring Max Julien and Richard Pryor.

  • Scream Blacula Scream: Sequel to Blacula; William H. Marshall resumes his role as Blacula/Mamuwalde.

  • Slaughter's Big Rip-Off: stars Jim Brown who continues to battle against the Mob in this sequel to Slaughter (1972).

  • The Spook Who Sat By the Door A token black CIA employee, who is secretly a black nationalist, leaves his position to train a street gang in CIA tactics in order to become an army of "freedom fighters".

  • That Man Bolt: starring Fred Williamson, is the first spy film in this genre, combining elements of James Bond with martial arts action in an international setting.

  • Trick Baby: Based on the book of the same name by ex-pimp Iceberg Slim.



  • Famous Commercials:
  • Remember the kid that was trying to wrap his mouth around the super-sized Jumbo Jack hamburger? His name is Rodney Allen Rippy who appeared in TV commercials for the fast-food chain Jack in the Box in the early 1970s, as well as in numerous roles in television and movies.



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black professional women


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famous african american birthdays


Tyra banks
Tyra Banks
photo #101-yr-1973

     Famous Birthdays in 1973
  • January 8, 1973 - Michael Terrance Cameron an American former professional Major League Baseball outfielder.

  • January 11, 1973 - Rockmond Dunbar  an American actor.

  • January 23, 1973 - Lanei Chapman  is an African American actress.

  • January 25, 1973 - Half A Mill was a Brooklyn-based American rapper.

  • February 7, 1973 - Arif S. Kinchen  an African-American actor.

  • February 21, 1973 - George Murdoch   an American professional wrestler and actor.

  • March 20, 1973 - Cedric Yarbrough   an American comedian and actor.

  • April 2, 1973 - Marc Jason Kroon   an American former right-handed relief pitcher.

  • April 3, 1973 - Sabotage was a Brazilian MC.

  • April 12, 1973 - Claudia Angela Jordan an American actress, model, reality television and radio personality.

  • April 13, 1973 - Bokeem Woodbine   an American film and television actor.

  • May 14, 1973 - Shanice  is a Grammy-nominated American R&B/pop-rock singer, songwriter, and actress.

  • May 26, 1973 - Christopher Joseph Latham   former outfielder in Major League Baseball.

  • May 26, 1973 - Sharron Corley  actor born in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York.

  • June 9, 1973 - Keesha Sharp  an American television actress.

  • June 10, 1973 - Calvin "Pokey" Reese, Jr.  former American Major League Baseball infielder.

  • June 10, 1973 - Faith Renée Evans  an American singer-songwriter, record producer, occasional actress and author.

  • June 13, 1973 - Ogie H. Banks III is an American voice actor, best known for his role as Clawd Wolf in Monster High and Luke Cage on Ultimate Spider-Man.

  • July 6, 1973 - Charizma as an MC from Milpitas, California.

  • July 20, 1973 - Omar Epps  an American actor, rapper, songwriter, and record producer.

  • July 27, 1973 - Brian Hooks  an American actor, producer and director.

  • July 29, 1973 - Patrik-Ian Polk  an American film director, producer, screenwriter, singer, and actor.

  • August 1, 1973 - Tempestt Bledsoe  an American actress.

  • August 3, 1973 - Michael Ealy  an American actor.

  • August 16, 1973 - Damian Jacques Jackson  major league second baseman.

  • August 19, 1973 - Ahmed Best is an American voice actor and musician.

  • August 21, 1973 - Louis Keith Collier former utility player who played in Major League Baseball from 1997 through 2004.

  • August 23, 1973 - Chelsi Mariam Pearl Smith a former beauty pageant titleholder from the United States who became the first Miss USA in fifteen years to capture the Miss Universe crown.

  • August 23, 1973 - Jermaine "Huggy" Hopkins  an African-American actor.

  • August 24, 1973 - Dave Chappelle  is an American comedian, screenwriter, television and film producer, and actor.

  • August 28, 1973 - J. August Richards an American actor.

  • September 14, 1973 - Nas an American rapper, songwriter, record producer and actor.

  • September 16, 1973 - Desmond Lamont "Desi" Relaford  an American former professional baseball infielder.

  • September 22, 1973 - Robert Malcolm "Bob" Sapp  an American professional wrestler, actor, comedian and former American football player.

  • September 23, 1973 - Trick Daddy an American rapper, actor, and producer.

  • October 2, 1973 - Proof was an American rapper and actor from Detroit, Michigan.

  • October 25, 1973 - Lamont Bentley was an American actor and rapper. He was known for his role as Hakeem Campbell on Moesha and the series' spin-off The Parkers.

  • November 3, 1973 - Sticky Fingaz an American rapper, actor, film director, and record producer.

  • November 17, 1973 - Lord Infamous was an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee.

  • November 19, 1973 - Savion Glover  an American tap dancer, actor, and choreographer.

  • November 21, 1973 - Brook Kerr  an American actress.

  • November 25, 1973 - Eddie Steeples an American actor known for his roles as the "Rubberband Man" in an advertising campaign for OfficeMax.

  • November 28, 1973 - Samuel Monroe, Jr.   an American actor.

  • November 29, 1973 - Sarah Jones a Tony- and Obie Award-winning American playwright, actress, and poet.

  • December 4, 1973 - Tyra Lynne Banks  is an American television personality, producer, author, actress, and former model.

  • December 9, 1973 - Nicole Randall Johnson an American comic actress.

  • December 11, 1973 - Mos Def an American hip hop recording artist, actor, and activist.

  • December 12, 1973 - Brian Love   an American actor, singer, dancer, and martial artist.

  • December 28, 1973 - Shawn Harrison  an American actor.

  • December 29, 1973 - Pimp C was an American rapper, singer, and producer.

  • 1973 - DJ Subroc was an English born American hip hop artist and a member of KMD.

  • 1973 - Sydney Tamiia Poitier  an American television and film actress.



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black american deaths

Diana Sands
Diana Sands
photo #104-yr-1934

Mantan Moreland
Mantan Moreland in 1941 film King of the Zombies
photo #100

     Famous Deaths in 1973
  • January 16, 1973 - Clara Ward was an American gospel artist who achieved great artistic and commercial success in the 1940s and 1950s, as leader of The Famous Ward Singers.

  • January 23, 1973 - Edward "Kid" Ory was a jazz trombonist and bandleader. He was born in Woodland Plantation near La Place, Louisiana.

  • March 5, 1973 - Rupert Crosse  was an American television and film actor.

  • June 4, 1973 - Arnaud "Arna" Wendell Bontemps was an African-American poet, novelist and librarian, and a noted member of the Harlem Renaissance.

  • September 21, 1973 - Diana Sands was an American actress, perhaps most famous for her portrayal of Beneatha Younger, the sister of Sidney Poitier's character in the original stage and film versions of Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun.

  • September 28, 1973 - Mantan Moreland was an American actor and comedian most popular in the 1930s and 1940s.

  • October 9, 1973 - Sister Rosetta Tharpe  was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and recording artist. A pioneer of twentieth-century music, Tharpe attained great popularity in the 1930s and 1940s with her gospel recordings that were a unique mixture of spiritual lyrics and rhythmic/early rock accompaniment.



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famous african american weddings

Bill Withers
Bill Withers
photo #106-yr-1999

 Gordon  Parks
Gordon Parks
photo #113-yr-1912

Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
photo #102-yr-1928

Carol Moseley Braun
Carol Moseley Braun
photo #102-yr-1992

Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
photo #104-yr-2005

     Famous Weddings in 1973
  • January 17, 1973 - Denise Nicholas marries Bill Withers.

  • April 18, 1973 - Isaac Hayes marries Mignon Harley.

  • June 5, 1973 - Alan Page marries Diane Sims.

  • November 7, 1973 - Ruth Pointer marries Carl Abram.

  • December 15, 1973 - Jermaine Jackson marries Hazel Gordy.

  • 1973 - Scoey Mitchell marries Claire T. Thomas.

  • 1973 - Whoopi Goldberg marries Alvin Martin.

  • 1973 - Maya Angelou marries Paul Du Feu.

  • 1973 - Bryant Gumbel marries June Carlyn Baranco.

  • 1973 - Gail Fisher marries Robert A. Walker.

  • 1973 - Gordon Parks marries Genevieve Young

  • 1973 - Carol Moseley Braun marries Michael Braun



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famous african american divorces

 Gordon  Parks
Gordon Parks
photo #113-yr-1912

     Famous Divorces in 1973
  • May 1973 - Diahann Carroll and Fredde Glusman were divorced.

  • 1973 - Bill Russell and Rose Swisher were divorced.

  • 1973 - Beverly Johnson and Billy Potter were divorced.

  • 1973 - Otis Williams and Ann Cain were divorced.

  • 1973 - Gordon Parks  and  Elizabeth Campbell were divorced.



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soul train
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
photo #109-yr-1971

 Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
photo #109-yr-1967

Soul Unlimited
Buster Jones and Vicki Donaldson for Soul Unlimited in 1973
photo #106-yr-1973

The Temptations
The Temptations
photo #110-yr-1965

Johnnie Taylor
Johnnie Taylor
photo #108-yr-1973

Barry White
Barry White
photo #109-yr-1973

Ben Vereen
Ben Vereen
photo #104-yr-1946

     Music in 1973

  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • Superstition - Stevie Wonder
  • Let's Get It On - Marvin Gaye
  • Midnight Train to Georgia - Gladys Knight
  • Distant Lover - Marvin Gaye
  • Killing Me Softly -Roberta Flack
  • Why Can't We Live Together - Timmy Thomas
  • Could It Be I'm Falling in Love - The Spinners
  • Love Train -The O'Jays
  • Neither One of Us (Wants to Be the First to Say Goodbye) -Gladys Knight & the Pips
  • Masterpiece -The Temptations
  • Pillow Talk -Sylvia
  • Funky Worm -The Ohio Players
  • Leaving Me -The Independents
  • I'm Gonna Love You Just a Little More Baby -Barry White
  • One of a Kind (Love Affair) - The Spinners
  • Doing It to Death - Fred Wesley & the J.B.'s
  • I Believe in You (You Believe in Me) - Johnnie Taylor
  • Angel - Aretha Franklin
  • Keep on Truckin - Eddie Kendricks
  • Midnight Train to Georgia - Gladys Knight & the Pips
  • Space Race - Billy Preston
  • The Love I Lost (Part 1) - Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes
  • If You're Ready (Come Go With Me) -The Staple Singers
  • Living for the City - Stevie Wonder


  Popular Soul Dances:
  • The Bump

  • Walking the dog

  • The Worm

  • The Rock Steady

  • The Breakdown

  • The Funky Chicken

  • Electric Slide

  • Locking - Roboting - Popping

  • Breakdancing - B-boying



  Musical Happenings in 1973:
  • February 2, 1973 - the "Midnight Special" rock music show debuts on NBC-TV.

  • August 6, 1973 - Soul singer Stevie Wonder was involved in car crash and goes into a 4 day coma.

  • Dick Clark attempted to branch into the realm of soul music with the series Soul Unlimited in 1973. The series, hosted by Buster Jones, was a more risqué and controversial imitator of the then-popular series Soul Train. The series didn't last very long, only a few episodes to be exact. Dick Clark and Don Cornelius didn't like each other very much until they put aside their differences and later would collaborate on several specials featuring black artists.

  • DJ Kool Herc, known as the "Father of Hip Hop," begins providing music for parties, going on to spur the development of hip hop music.

  • The soundtrack to The Sting helps lead to a resurgence of interest in ragtime. This year will also see Gunther Schuller produce a performance of Scott Joplin's opera Treemonisha, and the following year will see Joshua Rifkin's three ragtime albums chart.

  • Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 - 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip-hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared. The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.




 Tony Award winners in 1973:
    Best Actor in a Musical
  • Ben Vereen in Pippin





 Grammy winners in 1973:
    The 15th Annual Grammy Awards were held on March 3, 1973, and were the first to be broadcast live on CBS, after the first two ceremonies were on ABC. The awards recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1972. The ceremony this year was held in Nashville, Tennessee; others before or since have been held in either New York City or Los Angeles.

    Record of the Year
  • Joel Dorn (producer) & Roberta Flack for "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" performed by Roberta Flack


  • Album of the Year
  • Phil Spector (producer), George Harrison (producer & artist), Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan,Billy Preston, Leon Russell, Ravi Shankar, Ringo Starr & Klaus Voormann for The Concert for Bangladesh


  • Song of the Year
  • Ewan MacColl (songwriter) for "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" performed by Roberta Flack


  • Best Country Vocal Performance, Male
  • Charley Pride for Charley Pride Sings Heart Songs


  • Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording (including traditional blues)
  • Muddy Waters for The London Muddy Waters Session


  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • Aretha Franklin for Amazing Grace


  • Best Best Jazz Performance by a Group
  • Freddie Hubbard for First Light


  • Best Jazz Performance by a Big Band
  • Duke Ellington for Togo Brava Suite


  • Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
  • Donny Hathaway & Roberta Flack for "Where Is the Love"


  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance by an Instrumental Performer
  • Billy Preston for "Outa-Space"


  • Best Pop Instrumental Performance with Vocal Coloring
  • Isaac Hayes for Black Moses


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
  • Aretha Franklin for Young, Gifted and Black


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
  • Billy Paul for "Me and Mrs. Jones"


  • Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
  • The Temptations for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone"


  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • Paul Riser & Norman Whitfield (The Temptations) for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone (Instrumental)"


  • Best R&B Song
  • Barrett Strong & Norman Whitfield (songwriters) for "Papa Was a Rollin' Stone" performed by The Temptations




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why do others dislike black people

"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."   George Washington Williams


How did it begin?

It's a worldwide negative perception of blacks.

But why?

Well, a quick and straightforward trip back in history will get the likely answer. The Arab trade of Zanj (Bantu) slaves in Southeast Africa predated the European transatlantic slave trade by 700 years but it wasn't until the Portuguese sailed to West Africa in search of gold and discovered something much more valuable, (slaves) and shared with the world what they encountered that aided in the bad rap on blacks.


good black americans
During the transatlantic slave trade the African empires of Benin, Dahomey, and Yoruba were very powerful. From these kingdoms, more than from any other part of Africa were the people sold into American slavery.


These kingdoms had many districts with different tribes and clans who always fought against each other. These tribes were illiterate without a written form, passing their history to the next generation orally. They were blissfully ignorant of the world around them. As with all people of a common nature, they lived within the limits and respect of the land and were very content in doing so.


Europeans considered the Africans pagans because most tribes were involved with witchcraft, idol worship, cannibalism, superstition, female genital mutilation, and human sacrifices just to name a few of their foolish practices. Europeans thought of themselves as being illuminators to the world made in the image of God which in their minds was white and holy.


Before Christianity took place in Europe, whites believed in a different form of worship which was called mythology, but in time came to their senses with the help of a man named Thales who would later become known as the father of science. Thales was the first person in human history to dispel mythology and would usher in a new way of thinking which was based on facts which in its beginning was called Natural philosophy, and later would be called science. Science would eventually take mythology's place in the way white people believed. Goodbye Jupiter and Neptune.


Thales studied, recorded and compared facts laying the foundation for science. In time, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle would go on to perfect the methods of science. Over the centuries with this wealth of new knowledge discoveries with the aid of science, you can probably imagine how this had to elevate the Europeans ego and self-worth in themselves.


good black americans


Before long they would claim white superiority, and many began even to doubt the existence of a God. So by the time the Portuguese made their arrival to Africa, they were only smarter and better educated than the blacks and of course dominated as they pleased.


Africans were still living in the past in a fast changing world and were no match for the very greedy and violent Europeans. Africans had seen the last of their glory days. It's a documented fact the Africans were the beginning of human innovation. Other races would go on to copy and perfect their existing creations, scientifically.


If you study ancient history and technological achievements which were in many ways the equal of, or superior of, much that we have today, were founded and carried to a high technological proficiency by Hamitic (African) people. This is the role in history given by God to the descendants of Ham. The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Mayans, the Aztecs, all were Hamitic people. They were the great inventors of mankind. http://www.ldolphin.org/ntable.html


Why were the African people a no-show in technological discoveries other nations around the world were experiencing?


It wasn't because Africans weren't capable of learning. Type the key phrase into Google "African immigrants in college" you will discover the same lineage of Sub-Saharan Africans today out-perform all races in America's colleges academically. Skin color doesn't matter when it comes to learning; it was because of conditions beyond their control.


Africans couldn't share and contribute information with other nations during this period because of one humongous roadblock. The Sahara Desert. The entire continental United States would fit inside the Sahara Desert with plenty of room to spare. This desert spanned from west to east of Northern Africa and continued to grow, making it very dangerous and challenging for travel.


Sub Saharan Africans were landlocked, lost in time away from all other humanity. The Sahara Desert wasn't always a desert, but slowly grew to be that way. Cave drawings have been discovered in parts of the Sahara that actually depict the flora as green and thriving.  http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/history_of_west_africa


good black americans

So with Portuguese arriving in Africa with their advanced knowledge they encountered a people lost in time and because of their tribal culture and erroneous Pre-Adamic belief the Portuguese had about black people, these people were labeled ignorant wild beast, incapable of learning and the world agreed.


The Africans had a reputation as a peaceful and lovable people and were considered easy pickings by ruthless and brilliant Europeans who extended no mercy.


science and african americans

With their love for science, whites would constantly compare themselves with blacks. They collectively studied the Negro from the kinks in his hair, size of his brain to the jam in his toenails and declared themselves superior to this lowly ape-like creature.


They believed Africans were the descendants of pre-Adamism races and that the White race was made in the image and likeness of God and that Adam gave birth to the White race only.


They also believed and taught that blacks are not human beings but pre-Adamite beasts and could not possibly have been made in God's image and likeness because they are beastlike, immoral and ugly. Whites also claimed that the pre-Adamite races such as blacks didn't have souls. The world would be satisfied with their scientific theory they learned with the help of a blatant and racist media. Whites accepted these lies as truth and raised their kids to do the same.


Science, pre-Adamite beliefs, and the media would go on to replace common sense. According to whites, it was the destiny of these black beast to serve whites, and they believed they had God's backing. Some of the things they wrote as fact about the Negro would go on to cause many innocent deaths.


Typical American Newspaper Article Of Yesteryear

racist media

The above article was an editorial reply to another editor that was published in the Cayton's weekly., January 25, 1919, (Seattle, Wash.) http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-01-25/ed-1/seq-1/


More than anything else science, pre-adamite beliefs and the racist media played an enormous role which perpetuated the negative image of blacks all over the world. The saddest part was when many blacks would believe these false teachings and felt unworthy, ugly and completely worthless as human beings and lived their lives in a useless way and the process was reinforcing these negative views.


Once in America the following comment gives insight into how whites viewed the Negro in the 1700s during colonial days.


Speaking on the duties of missionaries in converting the Negro to Christianity in 1784, Bishop Porteus published an extensive plan for the most effectual conversion of the slaves contending that

"despicable as they are in the eyes of man they are, nevertheless, the creatures of God."


When slaves first arrived in America, it wasn't quite agreed what their social status would be because it was supposed to be only temporary until white immigrants could come from other countries to take their place, but it didn't happen that way. This is when slavery slowly became associated with dark skin. Everybody jumped on the bandwagon against the lowly Negro who was considered inhuman and a savage beast.


But because it was later discovered that blacks were capable of learning, it made some bright whites change their negative view, except for white slavemasters who had a financial interest in keeping the Negro uneducated and made it a felony for anyone caught teaching them.


Real Americans soon began to realize blacks were human beings just as they were and started movements to free them from the bondage of slavery.


Writers of that day cite desirable characteristics of blacks, saying they were deeply religious, cheerful, imaginative, patient, courageous, had high physical endurance, affectionate and without vindictiveness, even though living under a brutal slavery system. They hated slavery, but always kept hope alive, waiting for their Judgement Day.


When their Judgement day arrived, how did slaves act once freed?

Imagine if you spent your entire existence depending and working from dusk to dawn for someone else and suddenly set free.


How would you do? 


Who would teach you to read and write, the importance of family, morality, open a bank account, manage your money, how to distinguish between necessity and want, how to keep your house maintained, the importance of honesty in personal and business dealings, how to think big and become self-reliant with confidence and the many more life skills that's needed in society? All would agree that these are crucial life skills to master that the Negro didn't have during slavery.


classy black women


Well, needless to say, many former slaves didn't measure up after freedom, wasting their lives with pleasure seeking and absolutely no ambition at all. These people gave the whole race a bad rap and continued to do so until this day.


But most wanted to learn these life skills and progress. That's why the Reconstruction schools of the 1870s were so important; it was like a halfway or transition house for the blacks into American culture. But of course we know that the U.S. government did away with Reconstruction in 1877 because of pressure from white southerners who didn't want educated blacks in America.


Our achievements have been many since then, so why does the negative image of blacks persist?


It's simple. The negative image of blacks persists around the world because of a lack of compassion and love mainly from non-black people. Even though erroneous beliefs of science and pre-Adamic theories happened centuries ago, hard habits are hard to break. It's entrenched in the hearts of many.


That's really sad, but as American citizens today, how are blacks doing?


Well under the circumstances blacks are doing a fantastic job, and it's a wonder we are still around. We as African-Americans are honing our life skills with increasing precision without the same network or support groups that other races enjoy. We are a unique type of people that don't have a reference point but must learn as we go.


Quite frankly, we are true Americans who continue to accomplish our goals non-violently and completely understand what the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence stands for. Would other races been able to do the same? We are love, always have been and always will be.


violent people


Historically, after being raped, tortured, lynched and murdered with perpetrators enjoying total impunity, the usual reply of blacks were these words, "I forgive you." Even though made out to be the violent savage beast, blacks seldom retaliated. It's true, check your history books. We live for today and as Americans realizing we have this excellent opportunity to excel and soar like the eagles, and we will!



Resources:

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)

George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)

Europeans Come to Western Africa - (click here)

The Characteristics of the Negro People - (click here)



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graduation fashion
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s

hot pants of 1970s
Hot pants of the 1970s


billy preston afro
Singer Billy Preston in 1974 wearing an Afro hairstyle.
photo #122-yr-1970


afro hairstyle
Afro hairstyle of the late 60s/early 70s photo - pixabay.com


billy preston afro
African-American woman with short afro 1979 and silk scarves which were a popular fashion accessories for women.
photo #123-yr-1970


mini skirt
Fashionable miniskirt


graduation fashion
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s


men fashion
Best friends fashions in Stockton California - 1970s


     Fashions and Styles in 1973

  Popular Fashions:

    Overview:
    The 1970's fashion, often called the "Me Decade", began with a continuation of the mini skirts, bell-bottoms, and the androgynous hippie look from the late 1960s and eventually became one of the most iconic decades for fashion ever.

    In the early 1970s, there was a trend for unisex men's and women's matching outfits with little to absolutely no differences. They often came together in matching sets.

    Generally the most famous silhouette of the mid and late 1970s for both genders was that of tight on top and loose on bottom. The 1970s also saw the birth of the indifferent, anti-conformist approach to fashion, which consisted of sweaters, t-shirts, jeans, and sneakers.


    Women:
    Popular early 1970s fashions for women included Tie dye shirts, Mexican peasant blouses, folk-embroidered Hungarian blouses, ponchos, capes, and military surplus clothing. Bottom attire for women during this time included bell-bottoms, gauchos, frayed jeansmidis" (which were unpopular), and ankle-length dresses called "maxis" were also worn in the early 1970s, thus offering women three different skirt lengths.

    Although the hippie look was widespread, it was not adopted by everyone. Many women still continued to dress up with more glamorous clothes, inspired by 1940s movie star glamour. Other women just adopted simple casual fashions. More simple early 1970s trends for women included fitted blazers (coming in a multitude of fabrics along with wide lapels), long and short dresses, mini skirts, maxi evening gowns, hot pants (extremely brief, tight-fitting shorts) paired with skin-tight t-shirts, his & hers outfits (matching outfits that were nearly identical to each other), and flared pants.

    Clean-cut, All-American active wear for women became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards. The biggest phenomenon of this trend was the jumpsuit, popular from 1975 onwards.

    Women's fashions in the late 1970s included cowl-neck shirts and sweaters, pantsuits, leisure suits, tracksuits, sundresses worn with tight t-shirts, strapless tops, lower-cut shirts, cardigans, velour shirts, tunics, robes, crop tops, tube tops, embroidered vests and jeans, knee-length skirts, loose satin pants, designer jeans, culottes, daisy dukes, and tennis shorts.

    In the early 1970s boots were at the height of their popularity, continuing onward from the mid 1960s. Women had boots for every occasion, with a wide variety of styles being sold in stores for affordable prices.

    Disco clothes worn by women included tube tops, sequined halterneck shirts, blazers, spandex short shorts, loose pants, form-fitting spandex pants, maxi skirts and dresses with long thigh slits, jersey wrap dresses, ball gowns, and evening gowns.


    Men:
    The early 1970s were a continuation of late 1960s hippie fashion. For men this particularly meant bell bottom jeans, tie dye shirts, and military surplus clothing. Other early 1970s clothes for men included matching outfits, sports jackets, khaki chinos, chunky sweaters, storm coats, battle jackets peacoats, flannel shirts, pleated pants, baseball jackets, corduroy pants, pullover sweaters and sweater vests, tassels, cardigans, and hip-huggers.

    Mens footwear in the early 1970s included flip-flops, oxfords, Birkenstocks, platform shoes, earth shoes, and cowboy boots.

    Fashion in the 1970s was generally informal and laid back for men. Most men simply wore jeans, sweaters, and T-shirts, which by then were being made with more elaborate designs. Men continued to wear flannel, and the Leisure suit became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards, often worn with gold medallions and oxford shoes. Vintage clothing, khaki chinos, workmens clothes, sweatshirts, leather coats, and all-denim outfits were also desired among young men.

    Hairstyles:
    In the mid-1960s, the Afro hairstyle began in a fairly tightly coiffed form, such as the hairstyle that became popular among members of the Black Panther Party. As the 1960s progressed towards the 1970s, popular hairstyles, both within and outside of the black African-American community, became longer and longer. As a result, the late 60s/early 70s saw an expansion in the overall size of Afros. Some of the entertainers and sociopolitical figures of the time known for wearing larger afros include political activist Angela Davis, actress Pam Grier, rock musician Jimi Hendrix, and the members of the musical groups The Jackson 5 and The Supremes. In the 1970s, making one of the popular hairstyles for a woman didn't take a lot of time. For Blacks in the United States and elsewhere, the afro was worn by both sexes throughout the decade. It was occasionally sported by whites as an alternative to the uniform long, straight hair which was a fashion mainstay until the arrival of punk and the"disco look" when hair became shorter and centre partings were no longer the mode.



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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1970s

Mary McLeod Bethune
Mary McLeod Bethune
photo #105-yr-1875

Marian Anderson
Marian Anderson
photo #104-yr-1955

Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller
Dr. Solomon Carter Fuller
photo #107-yr-1872

Marion Wright Edelma
Marion Wright Edelma
photo #107-yr-1872

     
Our Community in 1973

Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • January 22, 1973 - Roe vs Wade: United States Supreme Court legalizes most abortions.

  • July 2, 1973 - the Nation Black Network begins it's operation on radio.

  • August 6, 1973 - Soul singer Stevie Wonder was involved in car crash and goes into a 4 day coma.

  • 1973 - The short-lived National Black Feminist Organization was founded in in New York by Margaret Sloan-Hunter and others.

  • 1973 - Marian Wright Edelman founded the Children's Defense Fund as a voice for poor children, children of color, and children with disabilities.

  • In 1973, Mary McLeod Bethune was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.

  • Marian Anderson  was recognized with the University of Pennsylvania Glee Club Award of Merit.

  • In the early 1970s, the American Psychiatric Association established a Solomon Carter Fuller award lecture at its annual meetings for his contributions to Alzheimer's disease research.


  • 1970s - The United States Population is 204,765,770 with a total of 22,580,289 being African Americans. Negroes are making more love and having more babies since the last census.




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african americans and religion


How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?


 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.


Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.



Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.


The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:


Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.




The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism
photo#112-yr-2015

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.



A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.



Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.



Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.




Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.


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RESOURCES:


Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License


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