blast from the past

blast from the past
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  Blast From The Past:
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annual hamite award

Louis Jordan
    Louis Thomas Jordan was a pioneering African American musician, songwriter, and bandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. Known as "The King of the Jukebox," he was highly popular with both black and white audiences in the later years of the swing era.

    Jordan was one of the most successful African-American musicians of the 20th century, ranking fifth in the list of the all-time most successful black recording artists according to Billboard magazine's chart methodology. Though overall sales figures are not available, he scored at least four million-selling hits during his career.

    Jordan regularly topped the R&B "race" charts, and was one of the first black recording artists to achieve a significant crossover in popularity into the mainstream (predominantly white) American audience, scoring simultaneous Top Ten hits on the white pop charts on several occasions. After Duke Ellington and Count Basie, Louis Jordan was probably the most famous and successful African-American bandleader of his day.

    Jordan was a talented singer with great comedic flair, and he fronted his band for more than twenty years. He duetted with some of the biggest solo singing stars of his day, including Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong. Jordan was also an actor and a major black film personality—he appeared in dozens of "soundies" (promotional film clips), made numerous cameos in mainstream features and short films, and starred in two musical feature films made especially for him.

    He was an instrumentalist who played all forms of the saxophone, but specialized in the alto, in addition to playing piano and clarinet. A productive songwriter, he wrote or co-wrote many songs that became influential classics of 20th-century popular music.

    Although Jordan began his career in big-band swing jazz in the 1930s, he became famous as one of the leading practitioners, innovators, and popularizers of "jump blues," a swinging, up-tempo, dance-oriented hybrid of jazz, blues, and boogie-woogie.

    Typically performed by smaller bands consisting of five or six players, jump music featured shouted, highly syncopated vocals and earthy, comedic lyrics on contemporary urban themes. It strongly emphasized the rhythm section of piano, bass, and drums; after the mid-1940s, this mix was often augmented by electric guitar. Jordan's band also pioneered the use of electric organ.

    With his dynamic Tympany Five bands, Jordan mapped out the main parameters of the classic R&B, urban blues and early rock'n'roll genres with a series of hugely influential 78 rpm discs for the Decca label. These recordings presaged many of the styles of black popular music in the late 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s, and exerted a huge influence on many leading performers in these genres.

    We proudly honor Louis Thomas Jordan with the 1975 Hamite Award for his many achievements in the entertainment industry. Didn't he constantly keep us smiling? He was one of the most widely respected and talented performers of his day.

    There were many who felt he didn't receive the full recognition he deserved. He was superstar quality.

    Jordan died in Los Angeles, from a heart attack on February 4, 1975. He is buried at Mt. Olive Cemetery in his wife Martha's hometown of St. Louis, Missouri.

 Louis Jordan
Louis Jordan
photo #110-yr-1938

Louis Thomas Jordan
Louis Thomas Jordan
photo #116-yr-1975

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How were blacks feeling in 1975?
happy mood of blacks

thrilla in manilla

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african american first

 For the year 1975:
  • General Daniel Chappie James was a fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force, who in 1975 became the first African American to reach the rank of four-star general.

  • Lee Elder was an American professional golfer. He is best remembered for becoming the first African-American to play in the Masters Tournament in 1975.

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blacks and basketball

Garry Lee Maddox
Garry Lee Maddox
photo #104-yr-1949

Frank Robinson
Frank Robinson
photo #107-yr-1935

Charles Luther Sifford
Charles Luther Sifford
photo #107-yr-1922

Muhammad Ali
Muhammad Ali
photo #105-yr-1969

Arthur Ashe
Arthur Ashe
photo #115-yr-1975

     Sports in 1975
  • Lee Elder was an American professional golfer. He is best remembered for becoming the first African-American to play in the Masters Tournament in 1975.

  • Garry Maddox aka "Secretary of Defense" wins the 1975 National League Gold Gloves.

  • The Cleveland Indians named Frank Robinson player-manager, giving him distinction of being the first black manager in the Majors.

  • Charles Luther Sifford won the PGA Seniors' Championship in 1975.

  • Tennis great Arthur Ashe becomes the first African American to win the British Men's Singles at Wimbledon.

  • May 16, 1975 - Boxing great Muhammad Ali knocks out Ron Lyle in 11 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • July 1, 1975 - Boxing great Muhammad Ali knocks out Joe Bugner in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.

  • October 1, 1975 - Boxing great Muhammad Ali fighting "The Thrilla in Manila" knocks out Joe Frazier in 15 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.

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What Was The Jonestown Massacre?

cult leader jim jones

The Peoples Temple, the organization at the center of the Jonestown incident, was headquartered in San Francisco, California, from the early to mid-1970s until the Temple's move to Guyana.

While the Temple originated in Indiana in the 1950s, after leader Jim Jones predicted an apocalypse that would create a socialist Eden on earth, it moved to Redwood Valley, California in the late 1960s. Its headquarters later moved into San Francisco, where Jones remained until July 1977, when Jones fled with almost 1,000 Temple members to Jonestown, Guyana following investigations by local media.

On the evening of November 18, 1978 in Jonestown, Jones ordered his congregation to drink cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. In all, 918 people died, including over 270 children, resulting in the greatest single loss of American civilian life in a non-natural disaster until the incidents of September 11, 2001. Congressman Leo Ryan was among those killed at the airstrip.

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education and hate

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America began with the noblest of intentions. But she is no match for my voracious appetite of greed! My power to influence is so great it will make folly of man's moral duty on earth and a mockery of what is truly just and righteous.

Hi, my name is Rapacity Prey Sr.

I have been alive since the beginning and will always exist as long as man governs man. There is no shame in my game and proud to admit I've always been a greedy, self-serving bastard with a voracious appetite that cannot be filled. I have many followers who adore me although most don't believe I exist.
Greedy man

I control every aspect of your life without you viewing my beautiful face and hearing words coming from my mouth. For the most part, you obey my every command from my extensive communication networks. These include the printed word, radio, music, television and my favorite form in today's world, the internet.

My only objective in life is to gain wealth and to do this I must have power, which I abundantly possess. I make a huge financial profit from misery, death, and destruction and utilize my communication networks for others to take the blame. I'm a master at setting up smokescreens to do my dirty work. In fact, as mentioned earlier most don't believe I exist. (LOL)

Most people make my work easy because they refuse to peel back the layers of history to expose me. I have created religion against religion, race against race, husband against wife, parents against their children all to my advantage. I don't care one little bit because I'm getting paid in one form or another.

 civil war

Let me tell you about some of my amazing accomplishments you may be familiar. I can't name them all because there are too many. Remember the Civil War that almost tore the country apart? I was behind that. That war was all about me getting paid, even though the majority of people thought it was about preserving the Union and ending slavery. I used man's hate against themselves to grow rich beyond all expectation during the War and Reconstruction period. It was me who got paid; my belly got super fat from that scheme.

During the Gilded Age, I made more wealth than I could count and have to admit was getting sloppy in my dirty work which resulted in the new Progressive Era which sought to clean greed and corruption from government. Well, who do you think it was that put these so-called righteous do-gooders in positions of authority? Come on now, don't be so gullible, at least put up a little fight to make this game more enjoyable.

I put people in charge to make it appear they were cleaning up the corruption and greediness which made them more cunning and cautious in providing me more wealth. I had my newspapers print how great and honorable Americans were and wouldn't put up for greed, and this made people feel great about their country because it made them feel proud and righteous above all others. What a folly! If walls could only speak!


We must be very careful when we speak of exercising "leadership" in Asia. We are deceiving ourselves and others when we pretend to have answers to the problems, which agitate many of these Asiatic peoples. Furthermore, we have about 50% of the world's wealth but only 6.3 of its population.
George Frost Kennan

This disparity is particularly great as between ourselves and the peoples of Asia. In this situation, we cannot fail to be the object of envy and resentment. Our real task in the coming period is to devise a pattern of relationships, which will permit us to maintain this position of disparity without positive detriment to our national security. To do so, we will have to dispense with all sentimentality and daydreaming, and our attention will have to be concentrated everywhere on our immediate national objectives. We need not deceive ourselves that we can afford today the luxury of altruism and world-benefaction.

In the face of this situation, we would be better off to dispense now with some the concepts which have underlined our thinking about the Far East. We should dispense with the aspiration to 'be liked' or to be regarded as the repository of a high-minded international altruism. We should stop putting ourselves in the position of being our brothers' keeper and refrain from offering moral and ideological advice. We should cease to talk about vague — and for the Far East — unreal objectives such as human rights, the raising of the living standards, and democratization. The day is not far off when we are going to have to deal in straight power concepts. The less we are hampered by idealistic slogans, the better.

Written by Cold War strategist, George Kennan
Memo PPS23 (1948) "Memo PPS23", written 28 February 1948, declassified 17 June 1974


I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism.
Smedley Butler

I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street.

I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902–1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916.

I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents.

Quoted by former U.S. Marine Corps major general, Smedley Butler
Smedley Butler became widely known for his outspoken lectures against war profiteering

I have to admit there were some great men who put up a fight. President Roosevelt and his New Deal was a hard nut to crack. He belived he could defeat me and make America the respectable place it boasted. He even did something I hated very much in proposing a United Nations organization to prevent future wars. Now come on, you know I disliked that.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt

I had made much money from World WarII. Over 60 million people died in that war, and I didn't lose one-night sleep. I had most Americans believing the war was a fight against the threat of losing democracy and had intelligent people digging out their backyards to create bunkers, that was hilarious to me.

I even had my propaganda machine fool self-righteous Americans into believing they won the war, but in actuality it was the Soviet Union who provided victory, defeating the Germans and Japan. My communications network was at the height of its glory. That war was about one thing, me getting paid.

It's sorrowful that around the world and especially Americans are so gullible and believe the lie that they are righteous above others and especially the white ones who I influenced to think they were somewhat better or superior to other races of people. I persuaded my servant Hitler to also believe he was better and superior to others and looked what happened to him. A straightforward and honest search of history would expose so much more about me, but most people are followers who jump on my propaganda bandwagon to believe what may appear to be true. But that's okay; I get paid.

The Vietnam War was one of my greatest achievements. Once again I used my communications in tricking people into believing the Communist were coming and would invade our good and precious land of America. I demanded war but that fool John Kennedy stood in my way and began to back track. Just about every one of my military leaders was livid with him because they knew war is how I get paid. We all know the outcome of John Kennedy. War = money.

I created the entire American culture for my purposes in persuading them to believe they are winners and hate losing at war. The Revoulunary war that I aided in victory went to their heads. That's why I loved LBJ when he succeeded Kennedy. He was a man after my heart. He bombed those poor people to smithereens, even secretly. He was intent on showing the world America was a winner. He made my greedy soul very glad, as did President Nixon after him, two of my greatest workers and excellent examples for all people.

Through my communications networks I had people believe the reason Martin Luther King died was because of racism. Poppycock! If King would have kept his mouth closed and kept his attention to the race issues I created, instead of speaking out against the war he would have probably lived a long and prosperous life.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.

There were too many blacks joining the white anti-war movement in protest and it created a dilemma I had to deal with. He was messing with my money, and I didn't take kindly to that. It's that simple.

In time, Robert Kennedy was attempting to become the next President and since he was in the same mold as his war hating brother I couldn't allow that and quickly made a choice.

Well as you can tell I love war and also make much profit from covert activities by installing regimes in other countries that are beneficial for me. I've been doing this for years, as a simple search in history would show. But that's not the extent of my capabilities; I also have a huge domestic interest in my beloved country.

greedy doctors
I also operate a very lucrative and legal drug business created with the assistance of science. The doctors who work for me send me their clients and I make them pay dearly. I could care less if a person suffers or die from an illness my drugs could have prevented. The truth of the matter is the top priority of scientific research was not intended to help people; its primary purpose is to fill my fat belly. Silly people!

Just put it this way. In just about every place where money can be made, I reside. I vacation on Wall Street regularly. I love the atmosphere there. I'm a master at the art of persuasion and thrive on disaster and turmoil which frightened and agitates American people but will make me more money in one form or another. Do I feel guilty? No, I don't, I don't feed a silly conscience. I only feed my fat belly. Long live America!, Or is it really America? (LOL)

John Adams

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Congressional Black Caucus
Founding members of the Congressional Black Caucus. Standing L-R: Parren Mitchell, Charles Rangel,
Bill Clay, Ron Dellums, George W. Collins, Louis Stokes, Ralph Metcalfe, John Conyers, and Walter Fauntroy.
Seated L-R: Robert N.C. Nix, Sr., Charles Diggs, Shirley Chisholm, and Augustus F. Hawkins.

photo #111-yr-1971

ballot box

Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
photo #107-yr-1973

Black Liberation Army

Weather Underground

     Political Scene in 1975
  • 1975 - Gerald Ford was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977. Before this, he was the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 until President Richard Nixon's resignation in 1974. He was the first person appointed to the Vice Presidency under the terms of the 25th Amendment, following the October 10, 1973, Spiro Agnew resignation. Analysis: Richard Nixon was facing impeachment from office, so he arranged to find someone who would take over his presidency and grant him a full pardon in return. Gerald Ford did just that and would later take much heat for this decision to give Nixon the get out of jail free card.

  • 1975 - The Black Liberation Army was an underground, black nationalist militant organization that operated in the United States from 1970 to 1981. Composed largely of former Black Panthers (BPP), the agency's program was one of "armed struggle" against the oppression and tyranny of the U.S. Government, and its stated goal was to "take up arms for the liberation and self-determination of black people in the United States." The BLA carried out a series of bombings, murders, robberies (which participants termed "expropriations"), and prison breaks.

  • 1975 - Weather Underground was a white American militant radical left-wing organization founded on the Ann Arbor campus of the University of Michigan. In 1970 the group issued a "Declaration of a State of War" against the United States government, under the name "Weather Underground Organization." Their bombing campaign targeted mostly government buildings, along with several banks and called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements to achieve "the destruction of U.S. imperialism and achieve a classless world: world communism". The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in 1973 and became defunct by the mid-seventies.

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Acts of Goodness is Colorblind

The only way to get the full impact of this viewpoint is by watching this quick episode of the old Andy Griffith show in its entirety (only 8 minutes). The show was shot in the old Confederate town of Mayberry, but try to look past that for the sake of this perspective. Andy was the type of father all kids wanted, and all men aspired to be. In various episodes, he would spend quality time and teach his son Opie the meaning of life in a way that would bring tears to the eyes. Sadly, blacks were invisible on the television in those days through no fault of their own.

The Andy Griffith show is one small example how powerful the media has been throughout American history and helped shaped our communities and behaviors today. Andy taught Opie the importance of being honest, reliable, friendly, unselfish and much more life skills that were needed for him to prosper. Shows like Andy Griffith were typical in displaying acts of goodness by whites.

Andy, Opie, and Horatio

What were black citizens doing during the Andy Griffith era?

Well, you would think that the millions of blacks in America didn't exist. They were rarely shown on television and if so were displayed negatively as dishonest, crooks, cheats, servants, janitors, etc. So the downfall of shows like the Andy Griffith show was whites would beam with pride and confidence and blacks watching the show which I'm sure they loved would feel left out, lacking as human beings and inferior.

The racist white media did a horrible disservice to the American community by ignoring its black citizens. It helped to drive a wedge between the races even further. It had the powers to unite but chose not to.

 black fathers

So in a sense, this biased media was a hater of democracy and opted to provide its viewers with a single story of white goodness and ignore the positive achievements of black citizens which would have made our common American stories more accurate and complete.

It's important to believe that acts of wisdom, knowledge, and kindness do not belong solely to Andy Taylor. There were black fathers doing the same for their kids; we just didn't hear about them. But because of a racist media, Andy was in a privileged position to uplift his race of people with these acts and because white people were the only one's viewed on television, on the radio, in the magazines, newspapers in a positive light. It became common in associating goodness as being solely white, and especially among white people, just ask them.

So, even to this day, there are too many blacks, and especially the young that associate being good, smart, educated with white people, and don't believe these gifts also belong to them. But the truth of the matter is there is no race that has the market on doing what's right which means every single person in America can be just as good as the next if they choose to be.

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america' last chance
america' last chance

Liberty, Justice and Freedom For All

It's true at one time in history; America was intended solely for white people, but not all white people. Most of America's founders desired only the fittest and smartest whites to settle here. The Irish, Italians and many more ethnic groups were considered low-life and not worthy to intermingle with the self-proclaimed superior whites, in fact, they were treated as harshly as the black slaves.

But within time they changed their views and allowed lower class whites to have an equal say in the building of America, and of course being similar in color made it easy for these different classes to blend in with one another, and in time you couldn't tell the difference. A luxury that was impossible for blacks to attain.

But on the other hand, Black slaves were considered savage beast without the capabilities to learn and contribute to America, other than with their back-breaking labor.

Why did whites feel this way abouts blacks?

Before their arrival to America as slaves, they were very far behind in development and worldly intelligence. There were great African Kingdoms, but they were no match for the ruthless Europeans. African rulers failed to educate their citizens which would have been a huge undertaking because there were thousands upon thousands of different tribes and clans with their distinct language and customs.

Most Africans didn't know how to read and write and would pass their history down from generation to the next orally. They also believed profoundly in superstition and all sorts of foolish beliefs that didn't help them once the Europeans arrived allowing them to ravage and dominate the African populations completely. Whites were very competitive and chose to proclaim themselves superior to the blacks, instead of sharing their knowledge to help these uneducated Africans.

So from the beginning, the Europeans made this a race issue. Africans were so far behind in human development, whites thought very lowly of them, and since they didn't have examples and scientific techniques we have today to prove otherwise they did as they pleased with little protest from the majority of the white population. In fact, most whites believed blacks were half human/beast only because they didn't know any better.

But in time things would change and there would become many free blacks and also blacks in slavery who would achieve against all the odds of racism. Many whites began to realize that blacks were human beings and if given a chance could be just as intelligent as white people. The movement was started to get blacks equality in America to the dismay of hardcore white supremacist who refused to accept this undeniable evidence that all men are equal in ability.

Scientific discoveries would later determine there was no genetic proof that blacks were inferior to other races which would utterly destroy the superior white theory that had been preached for centuries. All that blacks needed was an education and an opportunity to compete and could do just as well as other races.

Although African-Americans were not immigrants but brought here as slaves, they had things in common because they also yearned for liberty, justice, and freedom. In time what made America so great was it realized it was wrong and attempted to change it's view so it could live up to the true meaning of liberty and justice for all.

But this wouldn't be easy because of many white people who refused to change their views and progress to a new era of love and cooperation for all humanity. They choose to live in the past where they enjoyed a comfortable, privileged life without blacks in the loop.

america' last chance

Since the races were compared to an inferior versus superior issue, many centuries ago white superior beliefs may have been a reasonable belief, with the Africans so far behind in human development and Europeans much more advanced. But with the successes of countless black Americans and other dark-skinned people around the world today, racism and hate have become an archaic, unreasonable and ignorant belief.

Is America at the crossroad?

Well if so, it had to happen one day. For generation after generation, whites have either consciously or unconsciously enjoyed special privilege in America. They control the purse strings not only in America but around the world in dictating a perverted version of justice and liberty for all. Other groups at home and abroad are growing weary and are fighting back.

Now the questions become, what will America do next? Will she attempt in becoming a true America of tolerance, justice and liberty for all people or retreat to her lily white past where there is undoubtedly much danger awaiting for all who reside in her? Britain must answer the same questions.

america' last chance

Simply put, for people who say they love America but hate certain ethnic groups who reside in her are lying to themselves. Their hatred is not based on anything factual. They hate America. They're not true Americans and completely fail to understand the real meaning of her and seek to destroy the last great empire in world history with their foolish hate.

america' last chance

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get your drink on
Getting Faded in the 70s

Long Islands Iced Tea
The Long Island Iced Tea was named for its resemblance to non-alcoholic Iced tea.
photo #101-yr-1979

The Manhattans
Having fun with my peoples, getting faded and blastin The Manhattans
photo #105c-yr-1979

having fun in the 70s
Eating, drinkin and having fun in the 70s
photo #library

     Getting Faded and Having Fun in 1975
    For some people back in the 70s, it was nothing better than hanging out with your peoples, talking smack or quietly listening, laughing and getting faded on the following feel good liquors:

  • Ripple
  • TJ Swan
  • Cisco
  • Wild Irish Rose
  • Boone's Farm

  • Thunderbird -- "What's the word? Thunderbird, How's it sold? Good and cold, What's the jive? Bird's alive, What's the price? Thirty twice."

  • Tingle
  • MD 20/20
  • Night Train
  • Tango
  • Cold Duck

  • MD 20/20

  • Colt 45
  • Rainier
  • Old English
  • Schlitz Malt

  • Hard Liquor:
  • Korbel Brandy
  • E & J Brandy
  • Gin and Grapefruit Juice
  • Tequila Sunrise
  • Screwdrivers
  • Bacardi Cocktail
  • Daiquiri
  • Pina Colada

  • Cigarettes:
  • Kool
  • Salem

  • Tequila Sunrise
    Tequila Sunrise garnished
    with orange & cherry

    I still have a headache, but had a blast!

    Don't forget those wild and loud games of dominoes with folks slamming bones on the table and running off at the mouth. Here are some of the trash words being said:


  • HEY! hit me five times
  • Who dat knocking at my door?
  • Fish and bread keep po' men fed
  • All money ain't good money
  • Beef steak and gravy
  • Ten keys, come and get some of these
  • 4 hoes and a pimp
  • 3 switchin bitches
  • Rock and I'm out

  • Can't have fun without those beats, these are the songs that were blasting on the turntable in 1975 while enjoying ourselves:

    music in the 70s
    Beats in the 70s   - photo#library

  • Shining Star, Earth Wind and Fire
  • Lovin' You, Minnie Riperton
  • Kung Fu Fighting, Carl Douglas
  • Pick Up the Pieces, Average White Band
  • The Hustle, Van McCoy
  • Lady Marmalade, Labelle
  • Why Can't We Be Friends, War
  • Love Won't Let Me Wait, Major Harris
  • Boogie On Reggae Woman, Wonder
  • Fight the Power, The Isley Brothers
  • Fire, The Ohio Players
  • You're the First,Last,Everything, B. White
  • Walking In Rhythm, The Blackbyrds
  • The Way We Were, Gladys Knight
  • Poetry Man, Phoebe Snow
  • The Way of the World, Earth, Wind Fire
  • Never Can Say Goodbye, Gloria Gaynor
  • Sha-La-La (Make Me Happy), Al Green

  • WOW! I miss 1975

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African American culture going downhill

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slang and memorable quotes
slang african americans      sLANG tALK in 1975
  • Do Your Own Thing!  - whatever pleases you
  • Be yourself!  - don't be a fake
  • Do what you want to do  - whatever pleases you
  • Laid Back  - taking it easy, relaxed
  • Psyche  - excited, energized
  • The Crib and going to the Gig  - home
  • The Gig  - job
  • Dream On  - hopeful
  • Kicks   - shoes
  • Mackin   - gettin the girls
  • Off The Hook  - extra cool
  • Old School   - old fashioned
  • Pad  - home
  • In Your Face!  - victory
  • That's Sick!  - awesome
  • The Man  - police
  • To The Max  - maximum
  • Yo Mama  - term of endearment, joking around
  • Chill   - take it easy
  • Feel Tha Funk   - groove and feel the music
  • Catch My Drift   - do you understand?
  • Chillaxin   - relaxing
  • Chump  - punk
  • Copasetic   - something cool, hip
  • Don't Bogart  - don't hold the joint too long, pass it around
  • Doobie   - a joint
  • Dude   - a guy
  • For Rizzle   - I didn't know that
  • Foxy   - sexy girl
  • Gimme Five  - cool handshake
  • Hood   - a ghetto person
  • Trippin   - going wacko
  • Pig  - police
  • Pimpin   - a guy good with the ladies
  • Dig It  - understand
  • Backatcha!   - you too
  • Brick House  - super fine woman
  • Can You Dig It  - you understand?
  • Right On   - agree
  • Stone Groove  - extra cool and fun

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black Movies in America

Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs
Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs from Welcome back Kotter Fame
photo #106-yr-1975

Gail Fisher
Gail Fisher as Peggy Fair and Mark Stewart as her son, Toby, from the television program Mannix.
photo #113-yr-1968

Teresa Graves
Teresa Graves
photo #103-yr-1948

The Jeffersons tv show
Isabel Sanford, Sherman Hemsley and Mike Evans of the television series The Jeffersons.
photo #107

 Sanford and Son
Sanford and Son
photo #107-yr-1972

Tony Orlando and Dawn
Tony Orlando and Dawn
photo #108-yr-1974

Gunsmoke - Clockwise from top: Ken Curtis (Festus), James Arness (Matt), Amanda Blake (Kitty), and Milburn Stone (Doc) in 1968
photo #112-yr-1955

     Television / Movies in 1975
  • Welcome Back Kotter - In 1975 who could forget those crazy "Sweathogs" always into something bad? Their wisecracking teacher Mr. Kotter, played by Gabe Kaplan would have us dying laughing with his corny sense of humor. Vinnie Barbarino played by (John Travolta) went on to become an excellent actor. The rest of the characters were Arnold Horshack (Ron Palillo), Juan Luis Pedro Felipo de Huevos Epstein, played by (Robert Hegyes), Julie Kotter played by (Marcia Strassman), The vice-principle Michael Woodman played by (John Sylvester White) and last but not least Mr. Soul Brother himself, Freddie "Boom Boom" Percy Washington, played by Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs. The show aired 1975-1979. (Welcome Back Kotter Trivia)  Local ABC affiliate in Boston didn't want to air the show because the city was going through a period of school busing and there was a lot of rioting and protest going on. As you know, Welcome back Kotter had an integrated classroom, and them didn't want to make the white public feel like they were rubbing this in their faces. But after early success from the show, the affiliate jumped aboard around the 5th episode.

  • 1975 - Gunsmoke, an American television Western drama series . The stories take place in and around Dodge City, Kansas, during the settlement of the American West. The television series ran for 20 seasons from 1955 to 1975, and stands as the United States' longest-running prime time, live-action drama with 635 episodes. Analysis: What Negro didn't like Gunsmoke? It was one of our favorite shows. Cool Matt Dillon, always fighting for justice, sexy Ms. Kitty always enticing, Doc, always helping and Festus always acting silly.

  • Mannix - was an American television detective series that ran from 1967 to 1975 on CBS. Gail Fisher was best known for playing the role of secretary "Peggy Fair" on the television detective series, a role for which she won two Golden Globe Awards and an Emmy Award.

  • The Jeffersons - a black sitcom that was broadcast on CBS from January 18, 1975, through July 2, 1985. The show focuses on George and (weezy) Louise Jefferson, an affluent African-American couple living in New York City. Proud George loved his family, a little man carried a big stick and wasn't afraid of anybody. Movin on Up!

  • Tony Orlando and Dawn - variety show which aired from 1974-1976 was a feel good show. Their signature hits include "Candida", "Knock Three Times", "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree", and "He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)". The show featured sketches sarcastic back-and-forth banter between Orlando, Hopkins, and Vincent. After the show had ended, Telma Hopkins ended up doing very becoming a familiar face on the tv screen, acting in different shows. Joyce Vincent continues to tour and perform to audiences all over the world.

  • Get Christie Love! - a 1974 made-for-television film starring Teresa Graves as an undercover female police detective who is determined to overthrow a drug ring. We remember when Christie made a bust she would always say "You're under arrest, Sugah!". Good show, but it only lasted 1974-1975 season.

  • Sanford and Son - which aired from 1972-1977 was a show we could go to to get our laugh on. We grew up with Redd Foxx, so we knew of his reputation and raw delivery with comedy. Poor Lamont, always getting the worst hand when dealing with his dad, but dad did it all with love. In 2007, Time magazine included the show on their list of the "100 Best TV Shows of All Time". The Sanford and Son show is dearly missed.

  • 1975 - The Family Viewing Hour was a policy established by the Federal Communications Commission in the United States in 1975. Under the policy, each television network in the U.S. had a responsibility to air "family-friendly" programming during the first hour of the prime time lineup (8 to 9 p.m. Eastern Time). The hour disappeared in 1977 after the policy was declared unconstitutional and overturned in court. Analysis: and it's been downhill for America ever since.

  • Blaxploitation Films:
    movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences

  • The Black Gestapo: Rod Perry plays General Ahmed who has started an inner-city People's Army to try to relieve the misery of the citizens of Watts, Los Angeles.

  • Sheba, Baby: A female private eye (Pam Grier) tries to help her father save his loan business from a gang of thugs.

  • Black Shampoo: a take off of the Warren Beatty hit Shampoo.

  • Boss Nigger:  Along with his friend Amos (D’Urville Martin), Boss Nigger (Fred Williamson) takes over the vacated position of Sheriff in a small western town in this Western Blaxploitation film.

  • Coonskin: An animated/live-action, controversial Ralph Bakshi film about Br'er Fox, Br'er Rabbit, and Br'er Bear in a blaxploitation parody of Disney's Song of the South. It features the voice of Barry White as Br'er Bear.

  • Darktown Strutters  a Colonel Sanders-type figure with a chain of urban fried chicken restaurants is attempting to wipe out the black race by making them impotent through his drugged fried chicken.

  • Dr. Black, Mr. Hyde: The retelling of the Jekyll and Hyde tale, starring Bernie Casey.

  • Dolemite: Also the name of its principal character, played by Rudy Ray Moore, who co-wrote the film.

  • Mandingo: Based on a series of lurid Civil War novels, this focuses on the abuses of slavery and the sexual relations between slaves and slave owners.

  • The Candy Tangerine Man: typical pimp movie staring (John Daniels).

  • Movies:
  • The Lion Roars Again - is a short film that Richard Pryor has a part.

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famous african american quotes      Famous African American Quotes
    Gail Fisher -  actress on Mannix television show 1967 - 1975

    "It was really a revolution in casting, you know. It was understood by all of us who auditioned that the girl could be anything -- oriental, black, anything -- just a human being. I won. I was the first black female -- no, make that black, period -- to make a national TV commercial, on camera, with lines. My friends and family thought I was crazy, you know. But honey, there ain't any black actresses!"

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famous african american birthdays

50 Cent
50 Cent
photo #103-yr-2003

     Famous Birthdays in 1975
  • January 29, 1975 - Sharif Atkins an African-American television actor.

  • February 25, 1975 - Tunde Adebimpe an African-American musician, actor, director, and visual artist.

  • May 11, 1975 - Coby Scott Bell an African-American actor and producer.

  • May 27, 1975 - André 3000 an African-American rapper, singer-songwriter.

  • July 6, 1975 - 50 Cent an African-American rapper, entrepreneur, investor, and actor from New York City, New York.

  • August 16, 1975 - Mr. Magic was an African-American hip hop recording artist from New Orleans, Louisiana.

  • August 28, 1975 - Eugene Byrd an African-American actor.

  • November 2, 1975 - Vis Brown an African-American actor.

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black american deaths

Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker
photo #104-yr-1906

Moms Mabley
Jackie "Moms" Mabley in her stage persona from a guest appearance on the Smothers Brothers television program.
photo #115-yr-1968

Noble Sissle
Noble Sissle
photo #102-yr-1921

 Louis Jordan
Louis Jordan
photo #110-yr-1938

Ezzard Charles
Ezzard Charles
photo #107-yr-1949

     Famous Deaths in 1975
  • February 4, 1975 - Louis Thomas Jordan was a pioneering American musician, songwriter and bandleader who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. Known as "The King of the Jukebox", he was highly popular with both black and white audiences in the later years of the swing era.

  • February 25, 1975 - Elijah Muhammad,  religious leader, who led the Nation of Islam (NOI)

  • April 12, 1975 - Josephine Baker, standup comedian, dancer, singer, and actress who came to be known as the "Black Pearl."

  • April 19, 1975 - Percy Lavon Julian  was an American research chemist and a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants.

  • May 23, 1975 - Jackie "Moms" Mabley, born Loretta Mary Aiken, was an American standup comedian. A veteran of the Chitlin' circuit of African-American vaudeville, she later appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show and the The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour.

  • May 28, 1975 - Ezzard Mack Charles   was an American professional boxer and former World Heavyweight Champion.

  • August 8, 1975 - Julian Edwin "Cannonball" Adderley  was a jazz alto saxophonist of the hard bop era of the 1950s and 1960s.

  • November 8, 1975 - Syvilla Fort was an American dancer, choreographer, and dance educator.Born in Seattle, she was African American and drew on her heritage in her original dance works.

  • December 17, 1975 - Noble Sissle,  jazz composer, lyricist, bandleader, singer and playwright.

  last words
  Josephine Baker

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famous african american weddings

 Ben Carson
Dr. Benjamin Carson
photo #103-yr-1987

     Famous Weddings in 1975
  • May 1975 - Diahann Carroll marries Robert Deleon.

  • August 16, 1975 - Marlon Jackson marries Carol Ann Parker.

  • October 28, 1975 - Lionel Richie marries Brenda Harvey-Richie.

  • 1975 - Danny Glover marries Asake Bomani.

  • 1975 - Yaphet Kotto  marries Antoinette Pettyjohn.

  • 1975 - Dr. Benjamin Carson  marries Lacena "Candy" Rustin.

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famous african american divorces

Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
photo #110-yr-2000

     Famous Divorces in 1975
  • December 1975 - Dionne Warwick and William Elliott were divorced.

  • 1975 - Redd Foxx  and Betty Jean Harris were divorced.

  • 1975 - Phylicia Rashad and William Bowles jr were divorced.

  • 1975 - Lou Gossett, Jr. and Christina Mangosing were divorced.

  • 1975 - Marvin Gaye and Anna Gordy Gaye were divorced.

  • 1975 - Ruth Pointer and Carl Abram were divorced.

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for The Spinners
The Spinners
photo #109-yr-1975

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soul train
Soul Train ran from 1971-2006
photo #109-yr-1971

 Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
photo #110-yr-1975

  Gladys Knight and the Pips
Gladys Knight and the Pips
photo #108-yr-1967

The Moments
The Moments
photo #113-yr-1975

 Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
photo #109-yr-1967

The Temptations
The Temptations
photo #110-yr-1965

Barry White
Barry White
photo #109-yr-1973

Diana Ross
Diana Ross
photo #106-yr-1981

Richard Pryor
Richard Pryor in his Mister Kelly's appearances
photo #100-yr-1969

     Music in 1975

  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "Boogie On Reggae Woman"   Stevie Wonder

  • "Kung Fu Fighting"   Carl Douglas

  • "You're the First, the Last, My Everything"   Barry White

  • "Fire"   The Ohio Players

  • "Happy People"   The Temptations

  • "I Belong to You"   Love Unlimited

  • "Lady Marmalade"   LaBelle

  • "Shame, Shame, Shame"   Shirley & Company

  • "Express"   B.T. Express

  • "Supernatural Thing (Part I)"   Ben E. King

  • "Shining Star"   Earth, Wind & Fire

  • "Shoeshine Boy"   Eddie Kendricks

  • "L-O-V-E (Love)"   Al Green

  • "Shakey Ground"   The Temptations

  • "What Am I Gonna Do With You"   Barry White

  • "Get Down, Get Down (Get on the Floor)"   Joe Simon

  • "Baby That's Backatcha"   Smokey Robinson

  • "Spirit of the Boogie"   Kool & the Gang

  • "Love Won't Let Me Wait"   Major Harris

  • "Rockin' Chair"   Gwen McCrae

  • "Give the People What They Want"   The O'Jays

  • "Look at Me (I'm in Love)"   The Moments

  • "Slippery When Wet"   The Commodores

  • "The Hustle"   Van McCoy & the Soul City Symphony

  • "Fight the Power (Part 1)"   The Isley Brothers

  • "Hope That We Can Be Together Soon"   Sharon Paige & Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes

  • "Dream Merchant"   The New Birth

  • "Get Down Tonight"   KC & the Sunshine Band

  • "Your Love"   Graham Central Station

  • "How Long (Betcha' Got a Chick on the Side)"   The Pointer Sisters

  • 20 "It Only Takes a Minute"   Tavares

  • 27 "Do It Any Way You Wanna"   People's Choice

  • "This Will Be"   Natalie Cole

  • "Games People Play"   The Spinners

  • "To Each His Own"   Faith, Hope & Charity

  • "Sweet Sticky Thing"   The Ohio Players

  • "Low Rider"   War

  • "Fly, Robin, Fly"   Silver Convention

  • "Let's Do It Again"   The Staple Singers

  • "That's the Way (I Like It)"   KC & the Sunshine Band

  • "I Love Music (Pt. 1)"   The O'Jays

  • "Full of Fire"   Al Green

  • "Love Rollercoaster"   The Ohio Players

  Popular Soul Dances:
  • The Bump

  • Walking the dog

  • The Worm

  • The Rock Steady

  • The Breakdown

  • The Funky Chicken

  • Electric Slide

  • Locking - Roboting - Popping

  • Breakdancing - B-boying

  Musical Happenings in 1975:
  • July 10, 1975 - Singer Gladys Knight & Pips entertaining Summer Series premieres on NBC-TV.

  • August 5, 1975 - Singer Stevie Wonder signs a whopping $13 million dollar contract with Motown records.

  • Alex Haley's Roots is broadcast as a television miniseries, inspiring a rekindling of interest among African Americans of their traditional music and culture.

  • Funk albums by Kool & the Gang (Spirit of the Boogie) and Earth, Wind & Fire (That's the Way of the World) are major successes on both the rhythm and blues and pop music charts.

  • Parliament's Mothership Connection is a funk milestone, introducing "new approaches to varying moods, textures and timbres that symbolize... concepts of heterogeneity and spontaneity in black cultural expression".

  • Scott Joplin's Treemonisha is revived in its first "full-scale professional production", by the Houston Grand Opera and with an all-black cast and orchestration by Gunther Schuller, who also conducted.

  • Van McCoy's "The Hustle" makes disco into a national trend.

  • Walter Hawkins and his choir record Love Alive, a massively successful gospel record that will remain on the charts for three years.

  • The Wiz, a retelling of The Wizard of Oz as musical theater with an all-black cast, is a groundbreaking, award-winning "smash hit" that presages a "resurgence of musical shows by blacks.

  • Singer Jackie Wilson, slips into an irreversible coma and dies in 1984.

  • Soul Train was an American musical variety television program which aired in syndication from 1971 - 2006. In its 35-year history, the show primarily featured performances by R&B, soul, and hip hop artists, although funk, jazz, disco, and gospel artists also appeared. The series was created by Don Cornelius, who also served as its first host and executive producer.

 American Music Awards winners in 1975:
    The American Music Awards was created by Dick Clark to compete with the Grammy Awards. Michael Jackson and Donny Osmond co-hosted the first award show with Rodney Allen Rippy and Ricky Segall in 1974. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website.

    Favorite Soul/R&B Male Artist
  • Stevie Wonder

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Female Artist
  • Diana Ross

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Band, Duo, or Group
  • Gladys Knight & The Pips

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Album
  • Imagination - Gladys Knight & The Pips

  • Favorite Soul/R&B Single
  • "Midnight Train to Georgia" - Gladys Knight & The Pips

 Grammy winners in 1975:
    The 17th Annual Grammy Awards were presented March 1, 1975, and were broadcast live on American television. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1974.

    Album of the Year
  • Stevie Wonder (producer & artist) for Fulfillingness' First Finale

  • Best Classical Vocal Soloist Performance
  • Leontyne Price for Leontyne Price Sings Richard Strauss

  • Best Comedy Recording
  • Richard Pryor for That Nigger's Crazy

  • Best Country Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group
  • The Pointer Sisters for "Fairytale"

  • Best Soul Gospel Performance
  • James Cleveland for In the Ghetto performed by James Cleveland & the Southern California Community Choir

  • Best Jazz Performance by a Soloist
  • Charlie Parker for First Recordings!

  • Best Score From the Original Cast Show Album
  • Robert Brittan, Judd Woldin (composers), Thomas Z. Shepard (producer) & the original cast (Virginia Capers, Joe Morton, Ernestine Jackson, Robert Jackson, Deborah Allen & Helen Martin) for Raisin

  • Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male
  • Stevie Wonder for Fulfillingness' First Finale

  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Female
  • Aretha Franklin for "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing"

  • Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male
  • Stevie Wonder for "Boogie on Reggae Woman"

  • Best R&B Vocal Performance by a Duo, Group or Chorus
  • Rufus for "Tell Me Something Good"

  • Best R&B Instrumental Performance
  • MFSB for "The Sound of Philadelphia"

  • Best Rhythm & Blues Song
  • Stevie Wonder (songwriter) for "Living for the City"

photo #111-yr-1975

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The Pointer Sisters
The Pointer Sisters
photo #112-yr-1975

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graduation fashion
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s

hot pants of 1970s
Hot pants of the 1970s

billy preston afro
Singer Billy Preston in 1974 wearing an Afro hairstyle.
photo #122-yr-1970

afro hairstyle
Afro hairstyle of the late 60s/early 70s photo -

billy preston afro
African-American woman with short afro 1979 and silk scarves which were a popular fashion accessories for women.
photo #123-yr-1970

mini skirt
Fashionable miniskirt

graduation fashion
Graduation fashion times in Stockton California - 1970s

men fashion
Best friends fashions in Stockton California - 1970s

     Fashions and Styles in 1975

  Popular Fashions:

    The 1970's fashion, often called the "Me Decade", began with a continuation of the mini skirts, bell-bottoms, and the androgynous hippie look from the late 1960s and eventually became one of the most iconic decades for fashion ever.

    In the early 1970s, there was a trend for unisex men's and women's matching outfits with little to absolutely no differences. They often came together in matching sets.

    Generally the most famous silhouette of the mid and late 1970s for both genders was that of tight on top and loose on bottom. The 1970s also saw the birth of the indifferent, anti-conformist approach to fashion, which consisted of sweaters, t-shirts, jeans, and sneakers.

    Popular early 1970s fashions for women included Tie dye shirts, Mexican peasant blouses, folk-embroidered Hungarian blouses, ponchos, capes, and military surplus clothing. Bottom attire for women during this time included bell-bottoms, gauchos, frayed jeansmidis" (which were unpopular), and ankle-length dresses called "maxis" were also worn in the early 1970s, thus offering women three different skirt lengths.

    Although the hippie look was widespread, it was not adopted by everyone. Many women still continued to dress up with more glamorous clothes, inspired by 1940s movie star glamour. Other women just adopted simple casual fashions. More simple early 1970s trends for women included fitted blazers (coming in a multitude of fabrics along with wide lapels), long and short dresses, mini skirts, maxi evening gowns, hot pants (extremely brief, tight-fitting shorts) paired with skin-tight t-shirts, his & hers outfits (matching outfits that were nearly identical to each other), and flared pants.

    Clean-cut, All-American active wear for women became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards. The biggest phenomenon of this trend was the jumpsuit, popular from 1975 onwards.

    Women's fashions in the late 1970s included cowl-neck shirts and sweaters, pantsuits, leisure suits, tracksuits, sundresses worn with tight t-shirts, strapless tops, lower-cut shirts, cardigans, velour shirts, tunics, robes, crop tops, tube tops, embroidered vests and jeans, knee-length skirts, loose satin pants, designer jeans, culottes, daisy dukes, and tennis shorts.

    In the early 1970s boots were at the height of their popularity, continuing onward from the mid 1960s. Women had boots for every occasion, with a wide variety of styles being sold in stores for affordable prices.

    Disco clothes worn by women included tube tops, sequined halterneck shirts, blazers, spandex short shorts, loose pants, form-fitting spandex pants, maxi skirts and dresses with long thigh slits, jersey wrap dresses, ball gowns, and evening gowns.

    The early 1970s were a continuation of late 1960s hippie fashion. For men this particularly meant bell bottom jeans, tie dye shirts, and military surplus clothing. Other early 1970s clothes for men included matching outfits, sports jackets, khaki chinos, chunky sweaters, storm coats, battle jackets peacoats, flannel shirts, pleated pants, baseball jackets, corduroy pants, pullover sweaters and sweater vests, tassels, cardigans, and hip-huggers.

    Mens footwear in the early 1970s included flip-flops, oxfords, Birkenstocks, platform shoes, earth shoes, and cowboy boots.

    Fashion in the 1970s was generally informal and laid back for men. Most men simply wore jeans, sweaters, and T-shirts, which by then were being made with more elaborate designs. Men continued to wear flannel, and the Leisure suit became increasingly popular from 1975 onwards, often worn with gold medallions and oxford shoes. Vintage clothing, khaki chinos, workmens clothes, sweatshirts, leather coats, and all-denim outfits were also desired among young men.

    In the mid-1960s, the Afro hairstyle began in a fairly tightly coiffed form, such as the hairstyle that became popular among members of the Black Panther Party. As the 1960s progressed towards the 1970s, popular hairstyles, both within and outside of the black African-American community, became longer and longer. As a result, the late 60s/early 70s saw an expansion in the overall size of Afros. Some of the entertainers and sociopolitical figures of the time known for wearing larger afros include political activist Angela Davis, actress Pam Grier, rock musician Jimi Hendrix, and the members of the musical groups The Jackson 5 and The Supremes. In the 1970s, making one of the popular hairstyles for a woman didn't take a lot of time. For Blacks in the United States and elsewhere, the afro was worn by both sexes throughout the decade. It was occasionally sported by whites as an alternative to the uniform long, straight hair which was a fashion mainstay until the arrival of punk and the"disco look" when hair became shorter and centre partings were no longer the mode.

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blacks moving into neighborhood

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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 1970s

General Daniel Chappie James
General Daniel Chappie James
photo #114-yr-1975

Eldridge Cleaver
Eldridge Cleaver
photo #117-yr-1975

Paul Laurence Dunbar
1975 US postage stamp depicting
Paul Laurence Dunbar

photo #108-yr-1975

mood ring
Mood ring of the 70s
photo #110-yr-1960

Our Community in 1975
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • February 26, 1975 - Upon the death of his father Elijah Muhammad, Wallace D. Mohammed was unanimously chosen as the leader of the Nation of Islam and introduced to the NOI membership as such at the annual Saviours' Day convention.

  • 1975 - William Venoid Banks was the first President and General Manager of WGPR-FM (which became Detroit's first black radio station) and WGPR-TV (which was the first black-owned and black-operated television station in the United States). He was also a lawyer and minister.

  • After spending seven years in exile in Cuba, Algeria, and France, Eldridge Cleaver returned to the US in 1975, where he became involved in various religious groups (Unification Church, CARP, and Mormonism), as well as becoming a conservative Republican, appearing at Republican events.

  • General Daniel Chappie James was a fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force, who in 1975 became the first African-American to reach the rank of four-star general. Note: James flew 78 combat missions into North Vietnam, many in the Hanoi/Haiphong area, and led a flight in the "Operation Bolo" MiG sweep in which seven Communist MiG-21s were destroyed, the highest total kill of any mission during the Vietnam War. This man was fearless. He was totally committed to the Civil Rights movement until it took a militant turn. Here are some of his thoughts on "Black Power"   When asked his views on the growing Civil Rights Movement after having to make an emergency landing in North Vietnam, he answered, "Look, friend, I'm not interested in all of that. See I consider myself damned lucky to have been able to land my airplane at this emergency strip in one piece." Being asked about militants like H. Rap Brown and Stokely Carmichael, who implied that blacks ought to fight at home rather than in Vietnam, also angered James, with him stating "...the lawlessness, rioting, men like Stokely Carmichael acting as if they speak for the black people. They aren't, and set civil rights back 100 years!" James even removed his Black Panther emblem from his helmet since it had become associated with a movement he no longer identified. Excerpts from some of the speeches have been read into the Congressional Record. James died three weeks after his retirement from the Air Force at 58 years old. Sad.

  • Morehouse School of Medicine is a medical school in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Founded originally as a part of Morehouse College in 1975 during the tenure of college president Hugh M. Gloster, with Louis W. Sullivan, M.D. as Dean, The School of Medicine at Morehouse College began as a two-year program in the basic sciences.

  • Famed poet Paul Laurence Dunbar was honored on 1975 U.S. postage stamp.

  • the 1970s - A mood ring is a ring that changed colors based on the temperature of the finger of the wearer. The ring included a color chart indicating the supposed mood of the wearer based on the colors shown on the ring. The mood ring was a big fad in the 1970s.

  • 1970s - The United States Population is 204,765,770 with a total of 22,580,289 being African Americans. Negroes are making more love and having more babies since the last census.

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african americans and religion

How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?

 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.

Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.

Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.

The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:

Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.

The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.

A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.

Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.

Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.

Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.

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