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annual hamite award

OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 2008:
Coretta Scott King
    Coretta Scott King was an American author, activist, and civil rights leader, and the wife of Martin Luther King, Jr. from 1953 until his death in 1968. Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

    King was an active advocate for African-American equality. King met her husband while in college, and their participation escalated until they became central to the movement. In her early life, Coretta was an accomplished singer, and she often incorporated music into her civil rights work.

    King played a prominent role in the years after her husband's 1968 assassination when she took on the leadership of the struggle for racial equality herself and became active in the Women's Movement and the LGBT rights movement. King founded the King Center and sought to make his birthday a national holiday.

    King finally succeeded when Ronald Reagan signed legislation which established Martin Luther King, Jr. Day. She later broadened her scope to include both oppositions to apartheid and advocacy for LGBT rights. King became friends with many politicians before and after Martin Luther King's death, most notably John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Robert F. Kennedy. John F. Kennedy's phone call to her during the 1960 election was what she liked to believe was behind his victory.

    In August 2005, King suffered a stroke and was left paralyzed on her right side and unable to speak.Five months later, King died of respiratory failure due to complications from ovarian cancer. King's funeral was attended by four of five living U.S. Presidents and by over 10,000 people. She was temporarily buried on the grounds of the King Center until she was interred next to her husband.

    King was honored for her activism in promoting human rights. King was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 2009. She was the first African-American to lie in Georgia State Capitol upon her death. King has been referred to as"First Lady of the Civil Rights Movement".

    Some successful blacks proudly tell the world they're not role models, even though countless impressionable ones may look up to these people for guidance. How sad to let them down.

    We're all connected whether we like it or not, and are in this thing together. Brave black men and women of the 60s understood a black person with a measure of success had a moral responsibility and duty in aiding their race in achieving and soaring like the eagles. Isn't this what other race groups practice?

    The selfless sacrifices of pre-1960s role models made it possible for every single black in this country to prosper, and that's not a lie. If you don't believe it, just browse thru this website starting with 1863, and you will discover the total humiliation and oppression racist whites had over blacks in everyday life and even made it legal in doing so. They weren't very nice, in fact down right evil.

    A black knew his place and understood he couldn't go any further than that. Whites banded together and illegally kept blacks down until the 60s Civil Rights movement. Coretta Scott King and her wonderful husband relished in helping our people and looked upon being a role model as a privilege. So for successful blacks today it's not a good look to benefit from the unselfish work of others and turn a blind eye like we don't care.

    Thank you, Coretta, for always carrying yourself with the utmost class and dignity, similar to the way our future First Lady would. How many of you would bet that Michelle imitated Coretta, possibly her role model? We owe our people and our incredible past civil rights leaders a debt to aid others while we are here in America, we've come a long way to just forget that. We proudly honor Coretta with the 2008 Hamite Award. for her unselfish work in the movement and losing her beloved husband for us.

Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
photo #111-yr-1927

Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
photo #104-yr-2008

Coretta Scott King
Martin Luther King and Coretta Scott King with daughter Yolanda in 1956
photo #105-yr-2008



Coretta Scott King
Then Vice President-elect Hubert H. Humphrey (left), alongside Coretta Scott King (center),
and Civil Rights Leader and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (right),
at a rally at Harlem's 369th Regiment Armory on December 17, 1964

photo #106-yr-2008



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african american first

 For the year 2008:
  • Barack Obama was the first African-American to be nominated as a major-party U.S. presidential candidate

  • Barack Obama was the first African-American elected President of the United States

  • Mike Carey  was the first African-American to referee a Super Bowl game

  • Karen Bass was the first African-American woman elected Speaker of a state House of Representatives

  • Roland Burris was the first African-American to be appointed to the United States Senate by a state governor

  • Major Shawna Rochelle Kimbrell was the first African-American female combat pilot in the United States Air Force



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2008

president obama


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women in sports

David Robinson
David Robinson
photo #103-yr-1986

Serena  Williams
Serena Williams
photo #101

     Sports in 2008
  • 2008 - Basketball's David Robinson was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame.

  • July 6, 2008 - Dueling sisters Venus Williams defeats Serena Williams at the 115th Wimbledon Women's Tennis Championship.

  • August 16, 2008 - Track and field star Usain Bolt sets a new 100 meter dash world record with a blazing speed of 9.69 seconds.

  • September 8, 2008 - Tennis star Serena Williams defeats Jelena Jankovic at the 128th Women's U.S. Open.



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WAR ON BLACKS, OR ALSO KNOWN AS WAR ON DRUGS

Mass Incarceration


law and order
Convicts Leased to Harvest Timber, around 1915, Florida
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Convicts_Leased_to_Harvest_Timber.png
(public domain image)


    The more things change, the more they stay the same


Shortly after slavery, blacks were thrown into prison for petty and minor offenses which resulted in long sentences. It was big business for the penitentiary because they would hire these convicts out for various jobs and keep blacks off the streets at the same time. They killed two birds with one stone.


It was a form of bondage that did not last a lifetime and did not automatically extend from one generation to the next. But it was nonetheless slavery – a system in which armies of free men, guilty of no crimes and entitled by law to freedom, were compelled to labor without compensation, were repeatedly bought and sold, and were forced to do the bidding of white masters through the regular application of extraordinary physical coercion.


This form of slavery was abolished by President Franklin D. Roosevelt December 12, 1941.


Is the criminal justise system much different today?


President Richard Nixon started the modern day Law and Order campaign of the War on Drugs. President Ronald Reagan would continue with the program in his administration, and later President Bill Clinton during his term created tough mandatory sentencing that unfairly affected blacks.

Crack cocaine was associated with poor blacks because it was a cheap drug and in contrast with powder cocaine which was considered a white man's drug because it was more expensive. Neither drug was more deadly than the other, but crack was demonized because it was associated with black people.

While a person found with five grams of crack cocaine faced a five-year mandatory minimum prison sentence, a person holding powder cocaine could receive the same sentence only if he or she held five hundred grams. Similarly, those carrying ten grams of crack cocaine faced a ten-year mandatory sentence, while possession of one thousand grams of powder cocaine was required for the same sentence to be imposed.

Don't get it wrong, these were very well ORGANIZED methods from anti-Americans in control of our country to hold blacks down and is very well documented. It seems these anti-Americans are always reinventing themselves in ways of oppressing black citizens. Perhaps they should show some love for a change instead of acting on their imagined fear.


WHO IS THIS MAN?


John Ehrlichman


John Ehrlichman who was counsel to President Richard Nixon and would later become a criminal himself with his involvement in the Watergate scandal made the following comment about the reason for Nixon's war on drugs:

“The Nixon campaign in 1968, and the Nixon White House after that had two enemies: the antiwar left and black people. You understand what I’m saying? We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course, we did.”



Check these statistics out

One of every three black American males born today can expect to go to prison in his lifetime. While black defendants account for roughly 80% of those arrested for crack-related offenses, public health data has found that two-thirds of crack cocaine users are white or Hispanic. The leading cause of incarceration of an African American male is a non-violent drug offense. Most black men in prisons are not monsters but just got caught up in the system for a non-violent mistake they may have made.

These stats are for the years 1970 - 2010



1 in every 106 White males age 18 or older is incarcerated
law and order



1 in every 36 Hispanic males age 18 or older is incarcerated
law and order



1 in every 15 Black males age 18 or older is incarcerated
law and order


    We have to help our black boys because nobody else cares. Wouldn't it be nice if today's blacks possessed the same gumption our African American ancestors had by taking control of our destiny as a race of people? It seems ever since the end of slavery we are always pointing out to the white man how unfair and unjust he has treated us. Don't you think he knows that? What do we expect them to do, start crying and say I'm sorry and start treating us like fellow Americans by sharing freely? Don't hold your breath.


    At this point in history, it's clear we must begin to work on ourselves more than anything else. We've probably gone just about as far as we can go with the protesting/marching strategy which was an excellent choice over the decades, but now it's time for action on our part. MLK would have likely said the same thing.


    A very unpopular message for many blacks who live with the self-pity attitude but the only avenue available for American success. Can you imagine how much it would lift our race if every single black boy possessed a college degree? It's a dream that could become a reality if we believed it.


    Education plays the significant role in American success for blacks and any group of blacks in a position of authority such as sports figures, entertainers, singers, etc. that teaches the opposite by their examples we should run away from them as fast as possible. Sadly, these groups are the ones that many blacks look up to for guidance instead of our black educators.


    When one of us climbs the very challenging and racist ladder of success in the American power structure by using our God-given brain power we will not forget about those we left behind, but instead will help other blacks do the same by extending a hand until we find ourselves in a position of directing instead of always asking and begging.


    Our ancestors knew we could do it and we have to believe it too. We are from some of the strongest and finest stock that is known to humankind and should set the example for all dark skinned people over the entire earth simply because we are in a position to do so and live in the greatest country in the world. Our story is one of the greatest ever told. We are AmazingBlacks.



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blacks and education

     Education in 2008
  • 2008 - In the year 2008, the percentage of all 18- to 24-year-old blacks enrolled in higher education increases to 32.6% from 21.2%.



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black feminist movement


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america' last chance
america' last chance


Liberty, Justice and Freedom For All

It's true at one time in history; America was intended solely for white people, but not all white people. Most of America's founders desired only the fittest and smartest whites to settle here. The Irish, Italians and many more ethnic groups were considered low-life and not worthy to intermingle with the self-proclaimed superior whites, in fact, they were treated as harshly as the black slaves.


But within the time they changed their views and allowed lower class whites to have an equal say in the building of America, and of course being similar in color made it easy for these people to blend in with one another, and in time you couldn't tell the difference. A luxury that was impossible for blacks to attain.


But on the other hand, Black slaves were considered savage beast without the capabilities to learn and contribute to America, other than with their back-breaking labor.


Why did whites feel this way abouts blacks?


Before their arrival to America as slaves, they were very far behind in development and intelligence. There were great African Kingdoms, but they were no match for the ruthless Europeans. African rulers failed to educate their citizens which would have been a huge undertaking because there were thousands upon thousands of different tribes and clans with their distinct language and customs.


Most Africans didn't know how to read and write and would pass their history down from generation to the next orally. They also believed profoundly in superstition and all sorts of foolish beliefs that didn't help them once the Europeans arrived allowing them to ravage and dominate the African populations completely. Whites were very competitive and chose to proclaim themselves superior to the blacks, instead of sharing their knowledge to help these uneducated Africans.


So from the beginning, the Europeans made this a race issue. Africans were so far behind in human development, whites thought very lowly of them, and since they didn't have examples and scientific techniques we have today to prove otherwise they did as they pleased with little protest from the majority of the white population. In fact, most whites believed blacks were half human/beast only because they didn't know any better.


But in time things would change, and there would become many free blacks and also blacks in slavery who would achieve against all the odds of racism. Many whites began to realize that blacks were human beings and if given a chance could be just as intelligent as white people. The movement was started to get blacks equality in America to the dismay of hardcore white supremacist who refused to accept this undeniable evidence that all men are equal in ability.


Scientific discoveries would later determine there was no genetic proof that blacks were inferior to other races which would utterly destroy the superior white theory that had been preached for centuries. All that blacks needed was an education and an opportunity to compete and could do just as well as other races.


Although African-Americans were not immigrants but brought here as slaves, they had things in common because they also yearned for liberty, justice, and freedom. In time what made America so great was it realized it was wrong and attempted to change it's view so it could live up to the true meaning of liberty and justice for all.


But this wouldn't be easy because of many white people who refused to change their views and progress to a new era of love and cooperation for all humanity. They choose to live in the past where they enjoyed a comfortable, privileged life without blacks in the loop.


america' last chance


Since the races were compared to an inferior versus superior issue, many centuries ago white superior beliefs may have been a reasonable belief, with the Africans so far behind in human development and Europeans much more advanced. But with the successes of countless black Americans and other dark-skinned people around the world today, racism and hate have become an archaic, unreasonable and ignorant belief.


Is America at the crossroad?

Well if so, it had to happen one day. For generation after generation, whites have either consciously or unconsciously enjoyed special privilege in America. They control the purse strings not only in America but around the world in dictating a perverted version of justice and liberty for all. Other groups at home and abroad are growing weary and are fighting back.


Now the questions become, what will America do next? Will she attempt in becoming a true America of tolerance, justice, and liberty for all people or retreat to her lily white past where there is undoubtedly much danger awaiting for all who reside in her? Britain must answer the same questions.


america' last chance


Simply put, for people who say they love America but hate certain ethnic groups who reside in her are lying to themselves. Their hatred is not based on anything factual. They hate America. They're not true Americans and ultimately fail to understand the real meaning of her and seek to destroy the last great empire in world history with their foolish hate.


america' last chance






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washington dc

 President  Barack Obama
President Barack Obama
photo #108-yr-2008

 President  George W. Bush
President George W. Bush
photo #107-yr-2000

     Political Scene in 2008
  • March 17, 2008 - David A. Paterson becomes Governor of New York upon the resignation of Elliott Spitzer.

  • August 27, 2008 - Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States.

  • November 4, 2008 - Barack Obama is elected the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at University of Chicago Law School between 1992 and 2004.

  • 2008 - George W. Bush served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He was elected president in 2000 after a close and controversial election, becoming the fourth president to be elected while receiving fewer popular votes nationwide than his opponent. incumbent Vice President Al Gore was on the losing end.



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black leaders ashamed of our progress


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racial harmony

     Race in 2008
  • January 8, 2008 - The first Northern state to officially apologize for slavery was New Jersey in 2008.



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Tommie Smith  and John Carlos black power salute
Tommie Smith and John Carlos
Three Proud People mural in Newtown photo #109

DID YOU KNOW?
    Ever wonder how the term "African American" came into existence? After the civil rights movement, blacks felt the need for a more accurate term to describe the race than colored or Negro, which was associated with much pain and suffering. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, blacks no longer approved of the term Negro. In its experimental stages, the term Afro-American was used for a while but didn't last. Later the Black Power movement made us feel proud using black as the term in describing our race.

    The song, "Say It Loud – I'm Black, and I'm Proud" by James Brown became an unofficial anthem of the Black Power movement. But it wasn't until the 1980s the term African American was advanced on the model of, for example, German-American or Irish-American to give descendants of American slaves and other American blacks who lived through the slavery era a heritage and a cultural base. The term was popularized in black communities around the country via word of mouth and ultimately received mainstream use after Jesse Jackson publicly used the term in front of a national audience. Subsequently, major media outlets adopted its use.

Proud to be African American


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black Movies in America

     Movies in 2008
    Blaxploitation Films:
    movies that emerged in the United States in the 1970s targeted for black audiences

  • Hookers In Revolt :  starring and directed by Sean Weathers, with its prevalence of pimps and prostitutes it is an inventive throwback to early 1970s Blaxploitation.





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famous african american deaths

Kim Hamilton
Kim Hamilton, Ivan Dixon and Steven Perry
photo #105-yr-1960

Odetta Holmes
Odetta Holmes
photo #100



Eartha Mae Kitt
Eartha Mae Kitt
photo #108-yr-1928

Isaac Hayes
Isaac Hayes
photo #104-yr-2005

     Famous Deaths in 2008
  • February 9, 2008 - Robert DoQui was an American actor who starred in film and on television.

  • March 16, 2008 - Ivan Dixon was an African-American actor, director, and producer best known for his series role in the 1960s sitcom Hogan's Heroes.

  • March 21, 2008 - Roy Foster was an American left and right fielder in Major League Baseball.

  • June 2, 2008 - Bo Diddley,  an African American R&B vocalist, guitarist and songwriter.

  • July 21, 2008 - Dr. Barbara Ann Teer was an African-American writer, producer, teacher, actress and visionary.

  • August 9, 2008 - Bernie Mac,  was an African American stand-up comedian, actor and voice artist.

  • August 10, 2008 - Isaac Hayes,  an African American singer-songwriter, actor, and producer.

  • August 19, 2008 - Julius J. Carry III was an American actor. He is perhaps best known for playing the character Sho'Nuff in the cult film The Last Dragon.

  • October 11, 2008 - Kevin Christopher Foster was a professional baseball pitcher. He played all or part of seven seasons in Major League Baseball between 1993 and 2001.

  • October 17, 2008 - Levi Stubbs was an American baritone singer, best known as the lead vocalist of the Motown R&B group the Four Tops.

  • October 19, 2008 - Rudy Ray Moore was an American comedian, musician, singer, film actor, and film producer.

  • November 26, 2008 - De'Angelo Wilson was an American film and television actor and a hip-hop artist .

  • December 2, 2008 - Odetta Holmes,  an African American singer, actress, guitarist, songwriter, and a civil and human rights activist.

  • December 25, 2008 - Eartha Mae Kitt   was an American actress, singer, cabaret star, dancer, stand-up comedienne, activist and voice artist, known for her highly distinctive singing style and her 1953 recordings of "C'est Si Bon" and the enduring Christmas novelty smash "Santa Baby", which were both US Top 10 hits.

  • December 30, 2008 - Bernie Hamilton was an American actor.

  last words
  Bo Diddley
  Bo Diddley


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starting fresh in life


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deceased hip-hop artist
  • Eric "O.G. Style" Woods (July 5, 1970 – January 3, 2008) was a Houston, Texas based rapper. Woods was working on an album when, on January 2, 2008, he was rushed to St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital with a severe brain aneurysm.

  • Stephen Ellis Garrett (November 11, 1974 – February 25, 2008), also known as Static Major, was a Grammy Award-winning American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer from Louisville, Kentucky. Garrett died suddenly at Baptist Hospital East in his hometown of Louisville, Kentucky on February 25, 2008. After a number of tests, he was diagnosed with a rare condition called myasthenia gravis.

  • Michael Allen (January 19, 1976 – April 20, 2008), better known as VL Mike, was an American rap artist from New Orleans, Louisiana. Michael Allen died on April 20, 2008, after he was shot several times while exiting his vehicle.

  • Camu Tao (born Tero Smith, June 26, 1977 – May 25, 2008) was an American rapper and producer who was signed to the Definitive Jux label. Camu died of lung cancer on May 25, 2008.

  • Johnny Lee Jackson (August 28, 1969 – October 3, 2008), professionally known as Johnny "J", was a Mexican American multi-platinum songwriter, music producer and rapper. While serving his sentence in prison, Johnny allegedly jumped off an upper tier of the prison in an apparent suicide.

  • Eric Breed (June 12, 1971 – November 22, 2008), better known as MC Breed, was an American rapper best known for his singles "Ain't No Future in Yo Frontin", which peaked at #66 on the Billboard Hot 100. On November 22, 2008, Breed reportedly died in his sleep while at a friend's home in Ypsilanti, Michigan.

  • Arthur Sheridan (9 July 1977 – 4 December 2008), better known by his stage name Party Arty, was an American rapper from The Bronx, New York. He died of undisclosed health complications.



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african americans and weddings

Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
photo #115-yr-1990

     Famous Weddings in 2008
  • January 1, 2008 - Eddie Murphy and Tracey E. Edmonds were wed.

  • February 28, 2008 - Persia White and Saul Williams were wed.

  • April 4, 2008 - Beyonce Knowles and Jay-Z were wed.

  • April 20, 2008 - Tia Mowry and Cory Hardrict were wed.

  • April 30, 2008 - Mariah Carey and Nick Cannon were wed.

  • May 2008 - Remy Ma  and Papoose were wed.

  • June 28, 2008 - Ruben Studdard and Surata Zuri Mccants were wed.

  • July 2008 - Timbaland and Monique Idlett were wed.

  • November 15, 2008 - Michael Steger and Brandee Tucker were wed.

  • 2008 - Vincent Herbert and Tamara Braxton were wed.

  • 2008 - American jazz double-bassist Jymie Merritt and Dorothy Viola Small were wed.



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famous african american divorces

Anita Baker
Anita Baker
photo #102-yr-2008

     Famous Divorces in 2008
  • January 16, 2008 - Eddie Murphy  and Tracey E. Edmonds were divorced.

  • February 2008 - Pele and Assiria were divorced.

  • March 2008 - Lisa Raye and Michael E. Misick were divorced.

  • April 23, 2008 - Swizz Beatz and Mashonda Tifrere were divorced.

  • April 2008 - Wayne Brady  and Mandie Taketa were divorced.

  • May 19, 2008 - Dwayne Johnson  and Dany Garcia were divorced.

  • June 15, 2008 - Nivea and Terius were divorced.

  • December 24, 2008 - Anita Baker and Walter Bridgeforth were divorced.

  • 2008 - Jasmine Guy and Terrence Duckette were divorced.



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why do others dislike black people

"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."   George Washington Williams


How did it begin?

It's a worldwide negative perception of blacks.

But why?

Well, a quick and straightforward trip back in history will get the likely answer. The Arab trade of Zanj (Bantu) slaves in Southeast Africa predated the European transatlantic slave trade by 700 years but it wasn't until the Portuguese sailed to West Africa in search of gold and discovered something much more valuable, (slaves) and shared with the world what they encountered that aided in the bad rap on blacks.


good black americans
During the transatlantic slave trade the African empires of Benin, Dahomey, and Yoruba were very powerful. From these kingdoms, more than from any other part of Africa were the people sold into American slavery.


These kingdoms had many districts with different tribes and clans who always fought against each other. These tribes were illiterate without a written form, passing their history to the next generation orally. They were blissfully ignorant of the world around them. As with all people of a tribal nature, they lived within the limits and respect of the land and were very content in doing so.


Europeans considered the Africans pagans because most tribes were involved with witchcraft, idol worship, cannibalism, superstition, female genital mutilation, and human sacrifices just to name a few of their foolish practices. Europeans thought of themselves as being illuminators to the world made in the image of God which in their minds was white and holy.


Before Christianity took place in Europe, whites believed in a different form of worship which was called mythology, but in time came to their senses with the help of a man named Thales who would later become known as the father of science. Thales was the first person in human history to dispel mythology and would usher in a new way of thinking which was based on facts which in its beginning was called Natural philosophy, and later would be called science. Science would eventually take mythology's place in the way white people believed. Goodbye Jupiter and Neptune.


Thales studied, recorded and compared facts laying the foundation for science. In time, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle would go on to perfect the methods of science. Over the centuries with this wealth of new knowledge discoveries with the aid of science, you can probably imagine how this had to elevate the Europeans ego and self-worth in themselves.


good black americans


Before long they would claim white superiority, and many began even to doubt the existence of a God. So by the time the Portuguese made their arrival to Africa, they were smarter and better educated than blacks and of course dominated as they pleased.


Africans were still living in the past in a fast changing world and were no match for the very greedy and violent Europeans. Africans had seen the last of their glory days. It's a documented fact the Africans were the beginning of human innovation. Other races would go on to copy and perfect their existing creations, scientifically.


If you study ancient history and technological achievements which were in many ways the equal of, or superior of, much that we have today, were founded and carried to a high technological proficiency by Hamitic (African) people. This is the role in history given by God to the descendants of Ham. The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Mayans, the Aztecs, all were Hamitic people. They were the great inventors of mankind. http://www.ldolphin.org/ntable.html


Why were the African people a no-show in technological discoveries other nations around the world were experiencing?


It wasn't because Africans weren't capable of learning. Type the key phrase into Google "African immigrants in college" you will discover the same lineage of Sub-Saharan Africans today out-perform all races in America's colleges academically. Skin color doesn't matter when it comes to learning; it was because of conditions beyond their control.


Africans couldn't share and contribute information with other nations during this period because of one humongous roadblock. The Sahara Desert. The entire continental United States would fit inside the Sahara Desert with plenty of room to spare. This desert spanned from west to east of Northern Africa and continued to grow, making it very dangerous and challenging for travel.


Sub Saharan Africans were landlocked, lost in time away from all other humanity. The Sahara Desert wasn't always a desert, but slowly grew to be that way. Cave drawings have been discovered in parts of the Sahara that actually depict the flora as green and thriving.  http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/history_of_west_africa


good black americans

So with Portuguese arriving in Africa with their advanced knowledge they encountered a people lost in time and because of their tribal culture and erroneous Pre-Adamic belief the Portuguese had about black people, these people were labeled ignorant wild beast, incapable of learning and the world agreed.


The Africans had a reputation as a peaceful and lovable people and were considered easy pickings by ruthless and brilliant Europeans who extended no mercy.


science and african americans

With their love for science, whites would constantly compare themselves with blacks. They collectively studied the Negro from the kinks in his hair, size of his brain to the jam in his toenails and declared themselves superior to this lowly ape-like creature.


They believed Africans were the descendants of pre-Adamism races and that the White race was made in the image and likeness of God and that Adam gave birth to the White race only.


They also believed and taught that blacks are not human beings but pre-Adamite beasts and could not possibly have been made in God's image and likeness because they are beastlike, immoral and ugly. Whites also claimed that the pre-Adamite races such as blacks didn't have souls. The world would be satisfied with their scientific theory they learned with the help of a blatant and racist media. Whites accepted these lies as truth and raised their kids to do the same.


Science, pre-Adamite beliefs, and the media would go on to replace common sense. According to whites, it was the destiny of these black beast to serve whites, and they believed they had God's backing. Some of the things they wrote as fact about the Negro would go on to cause many innocent deaths.


Typical American Newspaper Article Of Yesteryear

racist media

The above article was an editorial reply to another editor that was published in the Cayton's weekly., January 25, 1919, (Seattle, Wash.) http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87093353/1919-01-25/ed-1/seq-1/


More than anything else science, pre-adamite beliefs and the racist media played an enormous role which perpetuated the negative image of blacks all over the world. The saddest part was when many blacks would believe these false teachings and felt unworthy, ugly and completely worthless as human beings and lived their lives in a useless way and the process was reinforcing these negative views.


Once in America the following comment gives insight into how whites viewed the Negro in the 1700s during colonial days.


Speaking on the duties of missionaries in converting the Negro to Christianity in 1784, Bishop Porteus published an extensive plan for the most effectual conversion of the slaves contending that

"despicable as they are in the eyes of man they are, nevertheless, the creatures of God."


When slaves first arrived in America, it wasn't quite agreed what their social status would be because it was supposed to be only temporary until white immigrants could come from other countries to take their place, but it didn't happen that way. This is when slavery slowly became associated with dark skin. Everybody jumped on the bandwagon against the lowly Negro who was considered inhuman and a savage beast.


But because it was later discovered that blacks were capable of learning, it made some bright whites change their negative view, except for white slavemasters who had a financial interest in keeping the Negro uneducated and made it a felony for anyone caught teaching them.


Real Americans soon began to realize blacks were human beings just as they were and started movements to free them from the bondage of slavery.


Writers of that day cite desirable characteristics of blacks, saying they were deeply religious, cheerful, imaginative, patient, courageous, had high physical endurance, affectionate and without vindictiveness, even though living under a brutal slavery system. They hated slavery, but always kept hope alive, waiting for their Judgement Day.


When their Judgement day arrived, how did slaves act once freed?

Imagine if you spent your entire existence depending and working from dawn to dusk for someone else and suddenly set free.


How would you do? 


Who would teach you to read and write, the importance of family, morality, open a bank account, manage your money, how to distinguish between necessity and want, how to keep your house maintained, the importance of honesty in personal and business dealings, how to think big and become self-reliant with confidence and the many more life skills that's needed in society? All would agree that these are crucial life skills to master that the Negro didn't have during slavery.


classy black women


Well, needless to say, many former slaves didn't measure up after freedom, wasting their lives with pleasure seeking and absolutely no ambition at all. These people gave the whole race a bad rap and continued to do so until this day.


But most wanted to learn these life skills and progress. That's why the Reconstruction schools of the 1870s were so important; it was like a halfway or transition house for the blacks into American culture. But of course we know that the U.S. government did away with Reconstruction in 1877 because of pressure from white southerners who didn't want educated blacks in America.


Our achievements have been many since then, so why does the negative image of blacks persist?


It's simple. The negative image of blacks persists around the world because of a lack of compassion and love mainly from non-black people. Even though erroneous beliefs of science and pre-Adamic theories happened centuries ago, hard habits are hard to break. It's entrenched in the hearts of many.


That's really sad, but as American citizens today, how are blacks doing?


Well under the circumstances blacks are doing a fantastic job, and it's a wonder we are still around. We as African-Americans are honing our life skills with increasing precision without the same network or support groups that other races enjoy. We are a unique type of people that don't have a reference point but must learn as we go.


Quite frankly, we are true Americans who continue to accomplish our goals non-violently and completely understand what the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence stands for. Would other races been able to do the same? We are love, always have been and always will be.


violent people


Historically, after being raped, tortured, lynched and murdered with perpetrators enjoying total impunity, the usual reply of blacks were these words, "I forgive you." Even though made out to be the violent savage beast, blacks seldom retaliated. It's true, check your history books. We live for today and as Americans realizing we have this excellent opportunity to excel and soar like the eagles, and we will!



Resources:

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)

George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)

Europeans Come to Western Africa - (click here)

The Characteristics of the Negro People - (click here)



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soul music in 2000s

Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
photo #103-yr-2006

Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
photo #100-yr-2002

Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
photo #103-yr-2008

Rufus and Chaka
Rufus and Chaka
photo #115-yr-1979

Mary Jane Blige
Mary J. Blige
photo #106-yr-1971

Johnny Mathis
Johnny Mathis
photo #105-yr-1998

Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
photo #110-yr-2000

Johnny Guitar Watson
Johnny "Guitar" Watson
photo #109-yr-2008

Music in 2008


  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "Like You'll Never See Me Again" Alicia Keys

  • "I Remember" Keyshia Cole

  • "Love in This Club" Usher featuring Young Jeezy

  • "Lollipop" Lil Wayne featuring Static Major

  • "Heaven Sent" Keyshia Cole

  • "A Milli" Lil Wayne

  • "Take a Bow" Rihanna

  • "Need U Bad" Jazmine Sullivan

  • "Whatever You Like" T.I.

  • "Spotlight" Jennifer Hudson

  • "Miss Independent" Ne-Yo

  • "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" Beyoncι



  Popular Soul Dances:
  • Turfing

  • Jerkin

  • Harlem shake

  • Cat Daddy

  • Krumping

  • Gas Pedal

  • Wop

  • Ailey

  • Graham

  • Dougie

  • Twerking




 Blues Hall of Fame for 2008:
    The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015

  • Jimmy McCracklin
  • Mississippi Sheiks
  • Hubert Sumlin
  • Johnny "Guitar" Watson
  • Peetie Wheatstraw
  • Jimmy Witherspoon


 BET Awards winners in 2008:
    The BET Awards were established in 2001 by the Black Entertainment Television network to celebrate African Americans and other minorities in music, acting, sports, and other fields of entertainment over the past year. D. L. Hughley hosted the show.

    TV ratings (in millions)
  • 5.8


  • Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
  • Missy Elliott


  • Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
  • Kanye West


  • Best Gospel Artist
  • Marvin Sapp


  • Best Female R&B Artist
  • Alicia Keys


  • Best Male R&B Artist
  • Chris Brown


  • Best Group
  • UGK


  • Best New Artist
  • The-Dream


  • Best Collaboration
  • Kanye West feat. T-Pain – "Good Life"


  • Video of the Year
  • "International Players Anthem (I Choose You)" performed by UGK feat. OutKast


  • Viewer's Choice
  • Lil Wayne feat. Static Major – "Lollipop"


  • Centric Award
  • Raheem DeVaughn


  • Best Actress
  • Taraji P. Henson


  • Best Actor
  • Denzel Washington


  • Best Female Athlete
  • Candace Parker


  • Best Male Athlete
  • Kobe Bryant


  • Humanitarian Award
  • Quincy Jones


  • Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Al Green




 Grammy winners in 2008:
    The 50th Annual Grammy Awards took place at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, on February 10, 2008. It honored musical achievement of 2007 in which albums were released between October 1, 2006 through September 30, 2007.

    Album of the Year
  • River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock


  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • "No One" – Alicia Keys


  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • "Future Baby Mama" – Prince


  • Best R&B Performance By a Duo/Group W/ Vocals
  • "Disrespectful" – Chaka Khan & Mary J. Blige


  • "Walk a Mile In My Shoes" – Otis Clay
  • "In My Songs" – Gerald Levert


  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • "Daydreamin'" – Lupe Fiasco & Jill Scott


  • Best R&B Song
  • "No One" songwriters; Dirty Harry, Kerry Brothers & Alicia Keys (Alicia Keys)


  • Best R&B Album
  • Funk This – Chaka Khan


  • Best Contemporary R&B Album
  • Because of You – Ne-Yo


  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • "Stronger" – Kanye West


  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • "Southside" – Common & Kanye West


  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • "Umbrella" – Rihanna & Jay-Z


  • Best Rap Song
  • "Good Life" songwriters; Alrin Davis, Faheem Najm & Kanye West (Kanye West & T-Pain)


  • Best Rap Album
  • Graduation – Kanye West


  • Best Contemporary Jazz Album
  • River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock


  • Best Jazz Vocal Album
  • Avant Gershwin – Patti Austin


  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • A Tale of God's Will (A Requiem for Katrina) – Terence Blanchard


  • Best Gospel Performance
  • "Never Gonna Break My Faith" – Aretha Franklin & Mary J. Blige (Featuring The Harlem Boys Choir)


  • Best Gospel Song
  • "Blessed & Highly Favored" Karen Clark–Sheard, songwriter (The Clark Sisters)


  • Best Traditional Gospel Album
  • Live: One Last Time – The Clark Sisters


  • Best Contemporary R&B Gospel Album
  • Free to Worship – Fred Hammond


  • Best Traditional Blues Album
  • Last of the Great Mississippi Delta Bluesmen: Live In Dallas


  • Best Reggae Album
  • Mind Control – Stephen Marley


  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • African Spirit – Soweto Gospel Choir


  • Best Contemporary World Music Album
  • Djin Djin – Angelique Kidjo


  • Best Zydeco Or Cajun Music Album
  • Live! Worldwide – Terrance Simien and the Zydeco Experience


  • Best Spoken Word Album
  • The Audacity of Hope : Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream – Barack Obama


  • Best Song–Motion Picture, TV, Visual Media
  • "Love You I Do" (from Dreamgirls)


  • Best Album Notes
  • John Work III: Recording Black Culture


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • Don't Go to Strangers - Etta Jones


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • "It's Not for Me to Say" Johnny Mathis


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • "Alfie" Dionne Warwick




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fashions

whitetail fashion
Low-rise jeans and thong whale tail of the 2000s
photo #101-yr-2000

low-rise jeans
Young woman in low-rise jeans
photo #102-yr-2000

mens shoe
Nike Jordan Tennis Shoes
photo #103-yr-2000

mens baseball cap
Men's baseball cap
photo #104-yr-2000

     Fashions in 2008

  Popular Fashions:

    Overview:
    The 2000s fashion are often described as being a "mash-up", where trends saw the fusion of previous styles, global and ethnic clothing (e.g. boho), as well as the fashions of numerous music-based subcultures. Hip-hop fashion generally was the most popular among young people, followed by the unisex indie look later in the decade.


    Women:
    When the 2000s kicked off, the fashion was profoundly influenced by technology. From late 1999 until late 2001, there was a monochromatic futuristic approach to fashion, with metallics, shiny blacks, heavy use of gray, straps, and buckles becoming commonplace. This was called "Y2K fashion". Particular pieces of Y2K clothing included mesh tops, box-pleated skirts, handkerchief tops, satin skirts, leather skirts, concert t-shirts with rhinestones, sparkling shoes, halter tops, and sequinned pants. Girl's fashion trends were oversized sunglasses, aviator sunglasses, oversized hoop earrings, jeans worn for numerous occasions (such as low-rise, boot-cut, fabric accents down the sides, fabric accents sewn into the flares, lace-up sides and tie-dye), wedge flip flops, hot pants, denim jackets, chunky sweaters, pashmina scarves, Skechers, belly shirts, and tube tops. Women wore long-sleeved shirts with bell sleeves, cowl-neck tops, crop tops, Burberry, hoodies, flare jeans, hip-huggers, low rise pants, white jeans, whale tails, cargo pants (especially ones made out of silk, satin, and velvet) hip-hop inspired sweatpants, daisy dukes, thong underwear, and solid bright-colored tights. These fashions remained popular well into the late 2000s. Popular accessories of the early 2000s include white belts, aviator sunglasses, trucker hats, hoop earrings, Mary Janes, leg warmers (worn with mini skirts), ugg boots, flip-flops, jelly shoes, lace-up sandals, newsboy caps, ponchos, and jelly bracelets.


    Men:
    At the very beginning of the decade, the excitement of entering the new millennium had become evident in fashion in the first couple of years, although this was only prominent in nightclub and "going out" attire. Clothing was mostly made in black, though silver was also fashionable. An example of this would be a tracksuit, a dress shirt, a pair of pants, a camp shirt, or a jacket in a fancy metallic pattern for going out; while also compromising of items such as leather coats and pants, puffy vests and jackets, ribbed sweaters and shirts, and chunky dress shoes, usually in futuristic colors such as black, silver, light gray, and white. After the events of 9/11, fashion became more conservative, forgoing the futuristic styles of before. Distressed denim made a comeback, with sandblasted highlights, frosted jeans, ripped jeans, and whiskering becoming commonplace. A lower rise jean had emerged during this part of the decade, effectively getting rid of the high-waisted styles of the 1990s. Light-colored polo shirts (sometimes striped and with collars popped), cargo pants (even ones made out of linen during warmer months), khaki chinos, bootcut jeans, corduroy pants, and rugby shirts. Practical hiking jackets (of the type made by Berghaus), fleeces, puffer jackets, and padded tartan lumberjack-type shirts were worn as winter outerwear along with brown, grey, burgundy, rust, maroon, or forest green turtleneck sweaters, and odd navy blue, stone grey, beige, or natural linen sportcoats that fastened with three buttons. These fashions continued into the mid and late 2000s. Men's Accessories of the early 2000s included white belts, Aviator sunglasses, trucker hats, flip-flops, oxford shoes, argyle socks, sneakers from brands such as Nike, Skechers, Adidas, and Puma, baseball caps (bearing the logos of football, soccer, basketball, and baseball teams), and jelly bracelets.


    Youth Fashions:
    Youth fashion was strongly influenced by Hip-Hop. The clothing of American hip-hop fans underwent an evolution from the sagging baggy gangster jeans of the late 1990s to a more retro look by the end of the decade. Popular items of clothing included wide leg jeans, baseball jackets,Nike Air Jordans, tracksuits, sweatpants, bucket hats, stunna shades, fur-lined puffer jackets, and flat-brim trucker hats or baseball caps (often retaining the store label). During the early 2000s, many wealthy white jocks and preppies imitated the gangsta lifestyle, eschewing the semi-formal conservative look of the 1980s and 90s in favor of gold bling, expensive designer clothes, sneakers, dark jeans, and sweatpants.


    Hairstyles:
    For African-American men, the cornrows (popularized by former NBA player Allen Iverson) and buzz cut were a popular trend that continued into the early 2000s.



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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 2000s

 President  George W. Bush
President George W. Bush
photo #107-yr-2000

O J Simpson
O J Simpson
photo #110-yr-1973

     
Our Community in 2008


Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • August 3, 2008 - The vehicle actor Morgan Freeman was driving, left the highway and flipped over several times. He and a female passenger, Demaris Meyer, were rescued from the vehicle using the "Jaws of Life".

  • December 5, 2008 - Football great OJ Simpson is sentenced to 33 years in prison for kidnapping and armed robbery.

  • December 14, 2008 - Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi throws two shoes and almost strikes President George W. Bush during a farewell conference in Baghdad.

  • 2000s - The United States Population is 281,421,906 with a total of 34,658,190 being African Americans.




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RESOURCES:


Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License


#100 -   By Jac. de Nijs / Anefo (Nationaal Archief) [CC-BY-SA-3.0-nl], via Wikimedia Commons

#101 -  
By Aconcagua (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#102 -  
By MC2 Erica R. Gardner, USN derivative work: Novice7 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#103 -  
By The Heart Truth (Taraji P. Henson) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#104 -  
By Herman Hiller / New York World-Telegram & Sun [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#105 -  
By Jet Magazine, April 12, 1956 [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#106 -  
By United States Library of Congress (http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3c22986/) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#107 -  
By White House by Tina Hager (White House) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#108 -  
By Official White House Photo by Pete Souza (P120612PS-0463 (direct link)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#109 -  
By Kessler-Grass Management. (eBay item photo frontphoto back) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons


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