blast from the past

blast from the past
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annual hamite award

OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 2010:
Dorothy Height
    Dorothy Irene Height was an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist specifically focused on the issues of African-American women, including unemployment, illiteracy, and voter awareness. She was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for forty years and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.

    Dorothy Height was born in Richmond, Virginia. During childhood, she moved with her family to Idaho, Pennsylvania, a steel town in the suburbs of Pittsburgh, where she graduated from Rankin High School in 1929.

    She was admitted to Barnard College in 1929, but upon arrival was denied entrance because the school had an unwritten policy of admitting only two black students per year. She enrolled instead at New York University, earning an undergraduate degree in 1932 and a master's degree in educational psychology the following year. She pursued further postgraduate work at Columbia University and the New York School of Social Work (the predecessor of the Columbia University School of Social Work).

    Height started working as a caseworker with the New York City Welfare Department, and at the age of 25, she began a career as a civil rights activist, joining the National Council of Negro Women. She fought for equal rights for both African Americans and women. In 1944 she joined the national staff of the YWCA. She was also an active member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority throughout her life, developing leadership training programs and ecumenical education programs. She served as national president of the sorority from 1946 to 1957

    In 1957, Height was named the president of the National Council of Negro Women, a position she held until 1997. During the height of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, she organized "Wednesdays in Mississippi," which brought together black and white women from the North and South to create a dialogue of understanding.

    Height served on some committees, including as a consultant on African Affairs to the Secretary of State, the President's Committee on the Employment of the Handicapped, and the President's Committee on the Status of Women. In 1974, she was named to the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, which published the Belmont Report a response to the infamous "Tuskegee Syphilis Study" and an international ethical touchstone for researchers to this day.

    Dorothy was a very familiar face during the Civil Rights movement and after. She stood out with her powerful messages of learning to live with one another and human kindness. She stood out in the crowd with her very colorful hats.

    She was well liked by both blacks and whites and brought us closer together in understanding. We would like to honor this remarkable woman with the 2010 Hamite Award for teaching all of us how we ought to live with our fellow human beings. Thanks Dorothy.

    On March 25, 2010, Height was admitted to Howard University Hospital in Washington D.C. for unspecified reasons. She died three weeks later, on April 20, 2010, at the age of 98. Her funeral service at the Washington National Cathedral on April 29, 2010 was attended by President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, as well as many other dignitaries and notable people.

Dorothy Irene Height
Dorothy Height
photo #108-yr-1957

Dorothy Irene Height
Eleanor Roosevelt receiving the Mary McLeod Bethune Human Rights Award from Dorothy Height, president of the National Council of Negro Women at the Council's Silver Anniversary Dinner in New York, November 12, 1960
photo #113-yr-2010





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2010

Hey man, what's up with all the earthquakes in 2010?
Perhaps Mother Earth is sick and tired of greedy humans taking resources out of her throughout the years.

A 7.0-magnitude earthquake occurs in Haiti, with a confirmed death toll over 316,000,

A 8.8-magnitude earthquake occurs in Chile, triggering a tsunami over the Pacific and killing at least 525.

A 6.9-magnitude earthquake occurs in Qinghai, China, killing at least 2,000 and injuring more than 10,000.

A 7.1 magnitude earthquake rocks Christchurch, New Zealand causing large amounts of damage but no direct fatalities.

earthquakes 2010


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baseball in 2000s

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
photo #102-yr-1999

 Rube Foster
Andrew "Rube" Foster
photo #106-yr-1879

Marshall Walter Major Taylor
Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor
African American cyclist
champion in the 1800s
photo #104-yr-1878

Serena  Williams
Serena Williams
photo #101

Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
photo #120-yr-2015

      Sports in 2010
  • January 31, 2010 - Serena Williams defeats Justine Henin at the 98th Women's Australian Open.

  • April 2, 2010 - The Los Angeles Lakers sign Kobe Bryant to a 3 year contract extension worth $87 million dollars.

  • July 4, 2010 - Serena Williams defeats Vera Zvonareva at the 117th Wimbledon Women's Tennis Championships.

  • July 17, 2010 - The Postal Service issued a se-tenant pair of 44-cent, first-class, U.S. commemorative postage stamps, to honor the all-black professional baseball leagues that operated from 1920 to about 1960. One of the stamps depicts Andrew "Rube" Foster, along with his name and the words "NEGRO LEAGUES BASEBALL".

  • August 7, 2010 - San Francisco 49er Jerry Rice is inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

  • September 3, 2010 - The city of Columbus, Ohio renamed the Alum Creek Trail bicycle path as the 'Major Taylor Bikeway'.

  • Basketball great Michael Jordan was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame, having been enshrined in 2009 for his individual career, and again in 2010 as part of the group induction of the 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball team ("The Dream Team").

  • 2010 - Floyd Mayweather Jr. wins the Best Fighter ESPY Award.



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Tommie Smith  and John Carlos black power salute
Tommie Smith and John Carlos
Three Proud People mural in Newtown photo #109

DID YOU KNOW?
    Ever wonder how the term "African American" came into existence? After the civil rights movement, blacks felt the need for a more accurate term to describe the race than colored or Negro, which was associated with much pain and suffering. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, blacks no longer approved of the term Negro. In its experimental stages, the term Afro-American was used for a while but didn't last. Later the Black Power movement made us feel proud using black as the term in describing our race.

    The song, "Say It Loud – I'm Black, and I'm Proud" by James Brown became an unofficial anthem of the Black Power movement. But it wasn't until the 1980s the term African American was advanced on the model of, for example, German-American or Irish-American to give descendants of American slaves and other American blacks who lived through the slavery era a heritage and a cultural base. The term was popularized in black communities around the country via word of mouth and ultimately received mainstream use after Jesse Jackson publicly used the term in front of a national audience. Subsequently, major media outlets adopted its use.

Proud to be African American


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WHO DOES THIS DETESTABLE LOOKING MONSTER REPRESENT?
greed
America began with the noblest of intentions. But she is no match for my voracious appetite of greed! My power to influence is so great it will make folly of man's moral duty on earth and a mockery of what is truly just and righteous.



Hi, my name is Rapacity Prey Sr.

I have been alive since the beginning and will always exist as long as man governs man. There is no shame in my game and proud to admit I've always been a greedy, self-serving bastard with a voracious appetite that cannot be filled. I have many followers who adore me although most don't believe I exist.
Greedy man


I control every aspect of your life without you viewing my beautiful face and hearing words coming from my mouth. For the most part, you obey my every command from my extensive communication networks. These include the printed word, radio, music, television and my favorite form in today's world, the internet.


My only objective in life is to gain wealth and to do this I must have power, which I abundantly possess. I make a huge financial profit from misery, death, and destruction and utilize my communication networks for others to take the blame. I'm a master at setting up smokescreens to do my dirty work. In fact, as mentioned earlier most don't believe I exist. (LOL)


Most people make my work easy because they refuse to peel back the layers of history to expose me. I have created religion against religion, race against race, husband against wife, parents against their children all to my advantage. I don't care one little bit because I'm getting paid in one form or another.


 civil war


Let me tell you about some of my amazing accomplishments you may be familiar. I can't name them all because there are too many. Remember the Civil War that almost tore the country apart? I was behind that. That war was all about me getting paid, even though the majority of people thought it was about preserving the Union and ending slavery. I used man's hate against themselves to grow rich beyond all expectation during the War and Reconstruction period. It was me who got paid; my belly got super fat from that scheme.


During the Gilded Age, I made more wealth than I could count and have to admit was getting sloppy in my dirty work which resulted in the new Progressive Era which sought to clean greed and corruption from government. Well, who do you think it was that put these so-called righteous do-gooders in positions of authority? Come on now, don't be so gullible, at least put up a little fight to make this game more enjoyable.


I put people in charge to make it appear they were cleaning up the corruption and greediness which made them more cunning and cautious in providing me more wealth. I had my newspapers print how great and honorable Americans were and wouldn't put up for greed, and this made people feel great about their country because it made them feel proud and righteous above all others. What a folly! If walls could only speak!


WHO IS THIS MAN?


We must be very careful when we speak of exercising "leadership" in Asia. We are deceiving ourselves and others when we pretend to have answers to the problems, which agitate many of these Asiatic peoples. Furthermore, we have about 50% of the world's wealth but only 6.3 of its population.
George Frost Kennan


This disparity is particularly great as between ourselves and the peoples of Asia. In this situation, we cannot fail to be the object of envy and resentment. Our real task in the coming period is to devise a pattern of relationships, which will permit us to maintain this position of disparity without positive detriment to our national security. To do so, we will have to dispense with all sentimentality and daydreaming, and our attention will have to be concentrated everywhere on our immediate national objectives. We need not deceive ourselves that we can afford today the luxury of altruism and world-benefaction.

In the face of this situation, we would be better off to dispense now with some the concepts which have underlined our thinking about the Far East. We should dispense with the aspiration to 'be liked' or to be regarded as the repository of a high-minded international altruism. We should stop putting ourselves in the position of being our brothers' keeper and refrain from offering moral and ideological advice. We should cease to talk about vague — and for the Far East — unreal objectives such as human rights, the raising of the living standards, and democratization. The day is not far off when we are going to have to deal in straight power concepts. The less we are hampered by idealistic slogans, the better.

Written by Cold War strategist, George Kennan
Memo PPS23 (1948) "Memo PPS23", written 28 February 1948, declassified 17 June 1974




WHO IS THIS MAN?


I spent 33 years and four months in active military service and during that period I spent most of my time as a high class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street and the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism.
Smedley Butler


I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street.

I helped purify Nicaragua for the International Banking House of Brown Brothers in 1902–1912. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for the American sugar interests in 1916.

I helped make Honduras right for the American fruit companies in 1903. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. Looking back on it, I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three districts. I operated on three continents.

Quoted by former U.S. Marine Corps major general, Smedley Butler
Smedley Butler became widely known for his outspoken lectures against war profiteering





I have to admit there were some great men who put up a fight. President Roosevelt and his New Deal was a hard nut to crack. He belived he could defeat me and make America the respectable place it boasted. He even did something I hated very much in proposing a United Nations organization to prevent future wars. Now come on, you know I disliked that.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt


I had made much money from World WarII. Over 60 million people died in that war, and I didn't lose one-night sleep. I had most Americans believing the war was a fight against the threat of losing democracy and had intelligent people digging out their backyards to create bunkers, that was hilarious to me.


I even had my propaganda machine fool self-righteous Americans into believing they won the war, but in actuality it was the Soviet Union who provided victory, defeating the Germans and Japan. My communications network was at the height of its glory. That war was about one thing, me getting paid.


It's sorrowful that around the world and especially Americans are so gullible and believe the lie that they are righteous above others and especially the white ones who I influenced to think they were somewhat better or superior to other races of people. I persuaded my servant Hitler to also believe he was better and superior to others and looked what happened to him. A straightforward and honest search of history would expose so much more about me, but most people are followers who jump on my propaganda bandwagon to believe what may appear to be true. But that's okay; I get paid.


The Vietnam War was one of my greatest achievements. Once again I used my communications in tricking people into believing the Communist were coming and would invade our good and precious land of America. I demanded war but that fool John Kennedy stood in my way and began to back track. Just about every one of my military leaders was livid with him because they knew war is how I get paid. We all know the outcome of John Kennedy. War = money.


I created the entire American culture for my purposes in persuading them to believe they are winners and hate losing at war. The Revoulunary war that I aided in victory went to their heads. That's why I loved LBJ when he succeeded Kennedy. He was a man after my heart. He bombed those poor people to smithereens, even secretly. He was intent on showing the world America was a winner. He made my greedy soul very glad, as did President Nixon after him, two of my greatest workers and excellent examples for all people.


Through my communications networks I had people believe the reason Martin Luther King died was because of racism. Poppycock! If King would have kept his mouth closed and kept his attention to the race issues I created, instead of speaking out against the war he would have probably lived a long and prosperous life.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.


There were too many blacks joining the white anti-war movement in protest and it created a dilemma I had to deal with. He was messing with my money, and I didn't take kindly to that. It's that simple.


In time, Robert Kennedy was attempting to become the next President and since he was in the same mold as his war hating brother I couldn't allow that and quickly made a choice.


Well as you can tell I love war and also make much profit from covert activities by installing regimes in other countries that are beneficial for me. I've been doing this for years, as a simple search in history would show. But that's not the extent of my capabilities; I also have a huge domestic interest in my beloved country.


greedy doctors
I also operate a very lucrative and legal drug business created with the assistance of science. The doctors who work for me send me their clients and I make them pay dearly. I could care less if a person suffers or die from an illness my drugs could have prevented. The truth of the matter is the top priority of scientific research was not intended to help people; its primary purpose is to fill my fat belly. Silly people!


Just put it this way. In just about every place where money can be made, I reside. I vacation on Wall Street regularly. I love the atmosphere there. I'm a master at the art of persuasion and thrive on disaster and turmoil which frightened and agitates American people but will make me more money in one form or another. Do I feel guilty? No, I don't, I don't feed a silly conscience. I only feed my fat belly. Long live America!, Or is it really America? (LOL)


John Adams




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Acts of Goodness is Colorblind


The only way to get the full impact of this viewpoint is by watching this quick episode of the old Andy Griffith show in its entirety (only 8 minutes). The show was shot in the old Confederate town of Mayberry, but try to look past that for the sake of this perspective. Andy was the type of father all kids wanted, and all men aspired to be. In various episodes, he would spend quality time and teach his son Opie the meaning of life in a way that would bring tears to the eyes. Sadly, blacks were invisible on the television in those days through no fault of their own.

The Andy Griffith show is one small example how powerful the media has been throughout American history and helped shaped our communities and behaviors today. Andy taught Opie the importance of being honest, reliable, friendly, unselfish and much more life skills that were needed for him to prosper. Shows like Andy Griffith were typical in displaying acts of goodness by whites.


Andy, Opie, and Horatio



What were black citizens doing during the Andy Griffith era?

Well, you would think that the millions of blacks in America didn't exist. They were rarely shown on television and if so were displayed negatively as dishonest, crooks, cheats, servants, janitors, etc. So the downfall of shows like the Andy Griffith show was whites would beam with pride and confidence and blacks watching the show which I'm sure they loved would feel left out, lacking as human beings and inferior.

The racist white media did a horrible disservice to the American community by ignoring its black citizens. It helped to drive a wedge between the races even further. It had the powers to unite but chose not to.

 black fathers


So in a sense, this biased media was a hater of democracy and opted to provide its viewers with a single story of white goodness and ignore the positive achievements of black citizens which would have made our common American stories more accurate and complete.

It's important to believe that acts of wisdom, knowledge, and kindness do not belong solely to Andy Taylor. There were black fathers doing the same for their kids; we just didn't hear about them. But because of a racist media, Andy was in a privileged position to uplift his race of people with these acts and because white people were the only one's viewed on television, on the radio, in the magazines, newspapers in a positive light. It became common in associating goodness as being solely white, and especially among white people, just ask them.

So, even to this day, there are too many blacks, and especially the young that associate being good, smart, educated with white people, and don't believe these gifts also belong to them. But the truth of the matter is there is no race that has the market on doing what's right which means every single person in America can be just as good as the next if they choose to be.



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politics in washington dc

 President  Barack Obama
President Barack Obama
photo #108-yr-2008

     Political Scene in 2010
  • 2010 - Barack Obama is the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at University of Chicago Law School between 1992 and 2004.



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watermelon slaves food
DID YOU KNOW?
    Ever wonder how the soul-food revolution began? It became a popular term in the 1960's. Slave ships with their cargo of slaves traveled from West Africa to North America with foods that were native to African soil. It was the ship's captain best interest to keep slaves alive and healthy by feeding them these foods for their long transatlantic voyage. Some of these foods native to Africa are black-eyed peas, rice, yams, peanuts and don't forget the infamous watermelon. Once here in America, slaves were allowed to grow these foods and along with the scraps the master would give them during 'ration times' (sometimes meat) is what laid the foundation for soul-food.


watermelon slaves food


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black Movies in America

Janet Jackson
Janet Jackson
photo #104-yr-1994

Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
photo #103-yr-2008

     Movies in 2010
    Movies:
  • The Book of Eli - Denzel Washington - Action, Thriller

  • Brooklyn's Finest - Don Cheadle, Wesley Snipes - Crime drama

  • Death at a Funeral - Loretta Devine, Peter Dinklage, Danny Glover, Regina Hall, Martin Lawrence, James Marsden, Tracy Morgan, Chris Rock, Zoe Saldana, Columbus Short, Luke Wilson - Black comedy

  • For Colored Girls - Janet Jackson, Thandie Newton, Whoopi Goldberg, Phylicia Rashad, Anika Noni Rose, Loretta Devine, Kimberly Elise, Kerry Washington - Drama

  • Iron Man 2 - Don Cheadle, Samuel L. Jackson - Superhero

  • Just Wright - Queen Latifah, Common, Paula Patton - Romantic comedy

  • The Karate Kid - Jaden Smith, Jackie Chan, Taraji P. Henson - Martial arts

  • Lottery Ticket - Bow Wow, Brandon T. Jackson, Naturi Naughton, Keith David, Charlie Murphy, Gbenga Akinnagbe, Terry Crews, Bill Bellamy, Mike Epps, T-Pain, Loretta Devine, Ice Cube - Comedy

  • Our Family Wedding - Forest Whitaker, America Ferrera, Carlos Mencia, Regina King, Lance Gross - Comedy

  • Preacher's Kid - LeToya Luckett, Rae'Ven Larrymore Kelly, Kierra Sheard, Clifton Powell, Gregory Alan Williams - Drama



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black professional women


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famous african american deaths

Lena  Horne
The beautiful Lena Horne
photo #102-yr-1917

Teena Marie
Teena Marie
photo #101-yr-2010

Greg  Morris
Greg Morris as Barney Collier with Abbey Lincoln in Mission: Impossible
photo #100-yr-1996

Dorothy Irene Height
Dorothy Height
photo #108-yr-1957

     Famous Deaths in 2010
  • January 21, 2010 - Curtell Howard Motton was an American Major League Baseball outfielder.

  • February 16, 2010 - James Blair Bibby was an American Major League Baseball right-handed pitcher.

  • March 14, 2010 - Lisle Astor Wilson was an American actor known for playing Phillip Woode in Brian De Palma's horror film Sisters and Leonard Taylor on the ABC sitcom That's My Mama .

  • April 20, 2010 - Dorothy Irene Height, an American administrator and educator, was a civil rights and women's rights activist.

  • May 9, 2010 - Lena Horne, was a singer, actress, civil rights activist and dancer.

  • May 28, 2010 - Gary Coleman was an American actor, known for his childhood role as Arnold Jackson in the American sitcom Diff'rent Strokes (1978–1986) and for his small stature as an adult.

  • July 9, 2010 - Vonetta Lawrence McGee was an American actress. She is best known for her roles during the 1970s, which included blaxploitation films such as Hammer, Melinda, Blacula, Shaft in Africa and 1974's Thomasine & Bushrod alongside her then-boyfriend Max Julien.

  • July 20, 2010 - Carl Gordonwas an American actor who entered the acting profession later in life and was best known for his role in the Fox TV series Roc.

  • August 9, 2010 - Tab Baker was an African American actor.

  • August 14, 1930 - Abbey Lincoln  was an African-American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress, who wrote and performed her own compositions. She was a civil rights advocate during the 1960s.

  • September 11, 2010 - Carlton "King" Colemanwas an American rhythm and blues singer and musician, known for providing the vocals for the 1959 hit single, "(Do The) Mashed Potatoes", recorded with James Brown's band.

  • October 11, 2010 - Janet MacLachlan was an American character actress who had roles in such television series as The Rockford Files, Alias and The Golden Girls.

  • October 27, 2010 - Jimmy Wall was an American stage manager and actor.

  • November 5, 2010 - Shirley Verrett, an African-American operatic mezzo-soprano who successfully transitioned into soprano roles.

  • December 7, 2010 - Cardell Camper was a Major League Baseball pitcher.

  • December 26, 2010 - Teena Marie was an American singer, songwriter, and producer. She was known by her childhood nickname Tina before taking the stage name Teena Marie; she later acquired the nickname of Lady Tee (sometimes spelled Lady T), given to her by collaborator and friend, Rick James.

  last words
  Gary Coleman


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deceased hip-hop artist
  • Anthony Peaks (December 26, 1964 – January 22, 2010), better known as Apache, was an American rapper. Apache died on January 22, 2010, of undisclosed causes.

  • Jun Seba (February 7, 1974 – February 26, 2010) was a Japanese hip hop producer and DJ who recorded under the name Nujabes. Nujabes was the reverse spelling of his name. On February 26, 2010, Jun Seba was involved in a fatal traffic accident.

  • Keith Edward Elam (July 17, 1961 – April 19, 2010), better known by his stage name Guru, was an American rapper, producer and actor best known as a member of the hip-hop duo Gang Starr, along with DJ Premier. On April 19, 2010, Elam died on at the age of 48, from cancer.

  • Harlem World was an American rap group founded by Mase that was signed to Jermaine Dupri's So So Def Recordings. Member Huddy Combs was killed in an early morning traffic accident on the George Washington Bridge in New York City.

  • Micheal David Larsen (November 9, 1981 – October 16, 2010), better known by his stage name Eyedea, was an American rapper, freestyle battle champion and songwriter from Saint Paul, Minnesota. Eyedea died in his sleep on October 16, 2010.

  • Renetta Yemika Lowe-Bridgewater (September 30, 1982 – December 20, 2010), known by the stage name Magnolia Shorty, was an American rapper in the New Orleans-based bounce music scene. On December 20, 2010 Bridgewater was shot and killed.



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hip hop
The Civil Rights movement of the 60s was a total success. Now the second part of our journey begins.

Now here's the problem.

For the last hundred years or so, white Americans have had every privilege simply for being white. Unconstitutional Jim Crow laws instituted in the past had restricted blacks in every sense of the word.

Blacks were routinely treated as second-class citizens even after fighting courageously in every single American war, Revolutionary war included.

During this Jim Crow period, whites created a humongous stronghold and power structure for their families in America that still stands today. They completely understand how to navigate this power structure, and do it very well.

But after the 60s, blacks, on the other hand, found it difficult to penetrate and become a part of this American structure and ones that attempted were generally fought every step of the way, not by outright in your face racism, but a new one called casual racism which is just as harmful.

Ever since slavery ended, blacks who are of African culture didn't get much help assimilating into an American (European) way of life. After victory with our Civil Rights in the 60s, many didn't understand how to challenge this power structure in a productive and intelligent way growing frustrated and angry. Many were resorting to violence until an amazing man named DJ Kool Herc steps onto the scene to save the day!


DJ Kool Herc spinning records
photos#118-yr-1980


DJ Kool Herc was the beginning of Hip Hop and gave many a positive outlet instead of violence, and whether older blacks liked it or not for our younger people would replace the guidance of influential civil rights leaders of past and become the voice they listened to for knowledge and help.

The media began to portray Hip hop/rapper figures as the brains of the black race. They are treated as wise ones and royalty. But they forgot or just ignored the many blacks who achieved with brainpower as college graduates, as opposed to artistic ability. Because of this portrayal, Hip-hop/Rap artist have without a doubt become an influential voice in the black community.

rapper



Many older blacks who were trained by our past Civil Rights leaders excellent moral guidance and teachings liked their beats but not the messages because it was filled with much hate and violence, especially on our people.

So when a younger black person who has been trained by these lyrics attempt to enter the white power structure workforce, they very seldom get through the front door, and it has nothing to do with racism, and if they are lucky enough to get that far they usually don't last, because they don't understand how to deal and work with people.

Don't get it wrong; Hip hop/rap music is a part of who we are, and we are all so proud of our ability to create something out of nothing that the entire world loves and imitates. But it also comes with a tremendous responsibility when possessing such great power and influence to help people and especially our own. Don't forget to teach our young that beats are good, but books are better!

There are many who keep the entertainment value of Hip hop/rap in perspective and understand how to maintain a balance, but there are also many easily influenced ones who fail and don't have a clue. So an important question arises. Will Hip-Hop lead the weaker one's in learning to live in the real world so we all can achieve and soar like the eagles or will it sell us out for the love of fame and money?



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african americans and weddings

Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
photo #100-yr-2002

     Famous Weddings in 2010
  • January 23, 2010 - Jimmy Rollins  and Johari Smith were wed in holy matrimony.

  • March 2010 - Sheree Smith and Terrell Fletcher were wed.

  • April 2010 - Mo Farah  and Tania Nell were wed.

  • July 10, 2010 - Martin Lawrence and Shamicka Gibbs were wed in holy matrimony.

  • July 10, 2010 - Faune A. Chambers and Farnsworth Bentley were wed.

  • July 10, 2010 - La La Vazquez and Carmelo Anthony tied the knot.

  • July 16, 2010 - Phil Collen  and Helen Simmons were wed.

  • July 17, 2010 - Khadijah Haqq and Bobby Mccray were wed in holy matrimony.

  • July 24, 2010 - Cynthia Bailey and Peter Thomas were wed.

  • July 30, 2010 - T.I. and Tameka Cottle were wed in holy matrimony.

  • July 31, 2010 - Alicia Keys  and Swizz Beatz were wed.

  • August 28, 2010 - Brian J. White and Paula White were wed.

  • September 11, 2010 - Kofi Sarkodie-Mensah and Kori Campfield were wed.

  • November 22, 2010 - Shannon Brown and Monica Brown were wed.

  • 2010 - Terrence Howard and Michelle Ghent were wed in holy matrimony.



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famous african american divorces

Shaquille ONeal
Shaquille O'Neal
photo #106-yr-2000

     Famous Divorces in 2010
  • March 2010 - Darius McCrary  and Karrine Steffans were divorced.

  • May 10, 2010 - Kelis  and Nas were divorced.

  • May 2010 - Claudia Jordan  and Datari Turner were divorced.

  • June 25, 2010 - Dwyane Wade and Siohvaugn Funches were divorced.

  • August 2010 - Joe Jackson and Katherine Jackson were divorced.

  • August 2010 - Tiger Woods and Elin Nordegren were divorced.

  • September 3, 2010 - Cheryl Cole and Ashley Cole were divorced.

  • September 15, 2010 - Morgan Freeman and Myrna Colley-Lee were divorced.

  • November 9, 2010 - Shaquille O'Neal and Shaunie Nelson were divorced.

  • 2010 - David Alan Grier and Christine Y. kim were divorced.



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soul music orgin


hip hop soul music

Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
photo #100-yr-1967

Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
photo #100-yr-2002

Billie Holiday
Billie Holiday
photo #102

W. C. Handy
W. C. Handy
photo #106-yr-1928

Music in 2010


  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "I Invented Sex" Trey Songz featuring Drake

  • "It Kills Me" Melanie Fiona

  • "Sex Therapy" Robin Thicke

  • "Say Something" Timbaland featuring Drake

  • "Everything to Me" Monica

  • "Un-Thinkable (I'm Ready)" Alicia Keys

  • "There Goes My Baby" Usher

  • "Deuces" Chris Brown featuring Tyga & Kevin McCall

  • "Can't Be Friends" Trey Songz



  Popular Soul Dances:
  • Getting Light

  • Swag Surfin’

  • The Dutty Wine

  • Crumping

  • Daggering

  • The Booty Bounce

  • The Harlem Shake

  • Flapping Your Wings

  • The Chicken Head



 Blues Hall of Fame for 2010:
    The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015

  • Lonnie Brooks
  • Gus Cannon
  • W. C. Handy
  • Amos Milburn
  • Charlie Musselwhite
  • Bonnie Raitt


 BET Awards winners in 2010:
    The 2010 BET Awards took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles on June 27, 2010, honoring African-Americans and other minorities in music, acting, sports and other fields in the past year. Queen Latifah hosted the event for the first time.

    TV ratings (in millions)
  • 7.4


  • Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
  • Nicki Minaj


  • Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
  • Drake


  • Best Gospel Artist
  • Marvin Sapp


  • Best Female R&B Artist
  • Alicia Keys


  • Best Male R&B Artist
  • Trey Songz


  • Best Group
  • Young Money


  • Best New Artist
  • Nicki Minaj


  • Best Collaboration
  • Jay-Z feat. Alicia Keys – "Empire State of Mind"


  • Video Director of the Year
  • Anthony Mandler


  • Video of the Year
  • "Video Phone" – Beyoncé feat. Lady Gaga


  • Viewer's Choice
  • "Hard" – Rihanna feat. Young Jeezy


  • Young Stars Award
  • Keke Palmer


  • Centric Award
  • Monica


  • Best Actress
  • Mo'Nique


  • Best Actor
  • Idris Elba


  • Best Movie
  • Precious


  • Best Female Athlete
  • Serena Williams


  • Best Male Athlete
  • LeBron James


  • Best International Act
  • Dizzee Rascal (UK)


  • Humanitarian Award
  • John Legend


  • Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Prince



  • During the Awards, a tribute to Michael Jackson was performed by Chris Brown. After a speech from the singer's brother, Jermaine, the tribute began with Brown dancing Jackson's signature dances behind a lighted sheet.


 Grammy winners in 2010:
    The 52nd Annual Grammy Awards took place on January 31, 2010, at Staples Center in Los Angeles.

    Song of the Year
  • "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" – Beyoncé


  • Best Female Pop Vocal Performance
  • "Halo" - Beyoncé


  • Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • "I Gotta Feeling" - The Black Eyed Peas


  • Best Pop Instrumental Album
  • Potato Hole - Booker T. Jones


  • Best Pop Vocal Album
  • The E.N.D. - The Black Eyed Peas


  • Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
  • "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" - Beyoncé


  • Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
  • "Pretty Wings" - Maxwell


  • Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
  • "Blame It" - Jamie Foxx & T-Pain


  • Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
  • "At Last" - Beyoncé


  • Best Urban/Alternative Performance
  • "Pearls" - India.Arie & Dobet Gnahore


  • Best R&B Song
  • "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)" - Beyoncé


  • Best R&B Album
  • BLACKsummers'night - Maxwell


  • Best Contemporary R&B Album
  • I Am... Sasha Fierce - Beyoncé


  • Best Rap Solo Performance
  • "D.O.A. (Death Of Auto-Tune)" - Jay-Z


  • Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
  • "Crack A Bottle" - Eminem, Dr. Dre & 50 Cent


  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • "Run This Town" - Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West


  • Best Rap Song
  • "Run This Town" - Jay-Z, Rihanna & Kanye West


  • Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
  • Book One - New Orleans Jazz Orchestra


  • Best Gospel Performance
  • "Wait On The Lord" - Donnie McClurkin & Karen Clark Sheard


  • Best Gospel Song
  • "God in Me" - Mary Mary Featuring Kierra Sheard


  • Best Traditional Gospel Album
  • Oh Happy Day - Various Artists


  • Best Contemporary R&B Gospel Album
  • Audience Of One - Heather Headley


  • Best Zydeco or Cajun Music Album
  • Lay Your Burden Down - Buckwheat Zydeco


  • Best Reggae Album
  • Mind Control - Acoustic - Stephen Marley


  • Best Children's Music Album
  • Family Time - Ziggy Marley


  • Best Traditional World Music Album
  • Douga Mansa - Mamadou Diabate


  • Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical
  • "When Love Takes Over" David Guetta & Kelly Rowland


  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • "Boom Boom Pow" – The Black Eyed Peas


  • Lifetime Achievement Award Winners
  • Michael Jackson (posthumous)


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • "Don't Get Around Much Anymore (Never No Lament)" - Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • "Crazy He Calls Me" Billie Holiday


  • Hall of Fame Award
  • "As Time Goes By" Dooley Wilson




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3 level hi-top fade
3 level hi-top fade
photo #110-yr-2010

Polo-neck shirts
Polo-neck shirts
photo #111-yr-2010

tribal prints
1990s inspired tribal prints fashionable in the 2010s
photo #112-yr-2010

     Fashions in 2010

  Popular Fashions:

    Overview:
    The 2010s ("twenty-tens") have been defined by a revival of austerity era period pieces, 1980s neon colors, and from late 2012 to 2014, unisex early 1990s styles influenced by grunge and skater fashions.


    Women:
    The early 2010s saw many recycled fashions from the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s as designers from stores like Topshop replicated original vintage clothing. In the United States, it was popular to wear designer brands like Gucci, Chanel, and Versace, neon colors such as pink, green, teal, black, purple, and yellow. Popular upper apparel includes ugly sweaters, khaki superdry trenchcoats, T-shirts with blazers, plaid, oversized flannel shirts worn or tied around the waist, oversized T-shirts, padded gilets, and crew neck sweaters. Crop tops were also reintroduced, but they didn't prove popular in stores. In the UK and the US, popular bottom apparel includes skinny jeans, leggings, parachute pants, railroad stripe pants or skirts, boyfriend jeans, and high-waisted shorts. Monochromatic clothing trends of 2014 and early 2015 included black and white lace dresses, lace blouses, jackets and dresses with peter pan collars, blazers, tuxedo jackets (often having contrasting black velvet or satin lapels), crop tops, oversized coats, striped culottes, loose Capri pants, patent leather gladiator sandals, romper suits, puffer jackets and vests. Brief fads of the mid 2010s included snuggie sleeved blankets and the unisex onesie suit. Desirable footwear included rain boots, flat sandals, stilettos, Keds, TOMS Shoes, Chucks, Sperry top-siders boat shoes, flat knee high riding boots, Uggs, Hunter brand rain boots, Ballerina flats, cavalier boots, gladiator sandals, combat boots, Doc Martens, and The Timberland Company hiking boots.


    Men:
    Neon colors and elaborate T-shirts were popular for much of the early 2010s, especially graphic print hoodies, novelty socks, red or blue skinny jeans, studded belts with large buckles, and Ed Hardy T-shirts embellished with rhinestones. Many styles from the late 2000s remained fashionable in the Americas, with brands such as Polo Ralph Lauren and J Crew being well favored. Popular tops for men aged 20–50 included shawl collar cardigans, V-neck T-shirts, acid wash denim work shirts, cable knit pullovers, Tartan flannel Western shirts with snap fastenings, grunge style padded tartan overshirts in red, navy blue or dark green, throwback basketball or baseball uniforms, denim jackets, Aloha shirts, car coats, 1930s style linen sportcoats, brown or black brogues, and black leather jackets like the Schott Perfecto motorcycle jacket. Men's accessories of the early 2010s included Doc Martens, The Timberland Company, combat boots, Converse All Stars, Sperry Top-Siders, Nike Elite crew socks, snapback hats inspired by artists like Mac Miller, brown Oxford shoes, and classic Nike trainers.


    Hip Hop:
    Hip hop fans wear tactical pants, Nike Air Jordans, Ralph Lauren Polo Boots, Obey and Diamond Supply Co. T-shirts and snapbacks, Hollister T-shirts, and goggle jackets. Retro 1980s fashions like snapbacks, skinny acid-wash jeans, baseball caps, baseball jackets, nylon tracksuits, varsity jackets, Vans, Chuck Taylors, rain boots, retro Nikes, Shell tube socks, leather jackets, Levis, Adidas and Nike apparel, gold chains, Ray Ban sunglasses, Air Jordans, and over-sized sweaters, and colors such as red, green, and yellow, made a comeback in the African American community due to the influence of drum and bass, rave music, and indie pop-inspired rappers. Independent brands have risen to popularity, as well as floral print items and tie-dye items. Button-down shirts are often worn fully buttoned. Black boots, leather jackets, denim vests, bombers, monochrome sports jerseys, waxed jeans, black varsity jackets, tapered sweatpants, drop-crotch trousers, layering shorts over leggings and occasionally floral print are all popular trends within this style as well. Other notable rappers that sport this look include Kendrick Lamar, Danny Brown, and Pusha T.


    Hairstyles:
    The hi-top fade style fell completely out of fashion by the late 90's, but it has made a great comeback in the mid-2010s due to the late 1980s/early 1990s revival in hip hop fashion that started since 2011, and inspired by Wiz Khalifa. The hi-top fade was and still is commonly called just a flattop, due to the great likeness of the two styles. In fact, the hi-top fade could qualify as a variation on the flattop. Many African-American and Afro-Caribbean British women favor natural, Afro-textured hair in reaction to the damage caused by relaxers which were extremely popular in the 2000s, opting instead for natural products to style their hair. For African-American men, mohawk variants of the Afro, The 360 Waves, jheri curl and The Taper are popular in the 2010s, as are shaved patterns or "steps" into variants of the buzzcut.




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pretty lady cooking
Hi there, I'm Annie.
Thanks for viewing my collection of wonderful soul-food dishes that my amazing ancestors cooked, and more than likely yours did too.

We didn't have much of anything back in the day and had to live off the scraps we were given. But like a famous rapper once said in his songs, we knew how to "make a dollar out of 15 cents" Enjoy.



sweet potatoes
Sweet Potatoes / Yams


Barbecue Ribs
Barbecue Ribs


Ham Hocks
Ham Hocks


Rice and Beans
Rice and Beans


Fish and Chips
Fish and Chips


Bean Soup
Bean Soup


Biscuits and Gravy
Biscuits and Gravy


Waffles
Waffles


Fried Chicken
Fried Chicken


Cornbread
Cornbread


Collard Greens
Collard Greens


Fried Liver
Fried Liver


Peach Preserves
Peach Preserves


Pinto Beans
Pinto Beans


Pound Cake
Pound Cake


Pork Chops
Pork Chops


Watermelon
Watermelon


black man hungry


(images - https://pixabay.com/)
Southern Cooking - Soul Food

    Have you ever wondered what African-Americans ate back in the day? Well, maybe we can help you with that. We've found the oldest known black cookbook to date.

    This cookbook was written by an actual former slave woman that had once lived on a plantation, but gained her freedom with the Emancipation Proclamation moving from Mobile, Alabama to San Francisco, California where she published an entirely excellent collection of 160 authentic and tasty recipes of the Old South entitled;

    "What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking"

    This book is indeed a rare gemstone with tons of actual recipes that black folks enjoyed back in the day, but Mrs. Fisher cooking wasn't limited to blacks only, many whites also loved her delicious recipes and persuaded her to make a cookbook.

    Here is just a sample of some of the southern foods mentioned in her book, and by the way, it wasn't called soul-food until the 1960's.

    Breakfast
  • Maryland Beat Biscuit
  • Waffles
  • Cream Cake
  • Flannel Cakes
  • Sallie Lund
  • Egg Corn Bread
  • Plantation Corn Bread
  • Light Bread


  • Broiled Meats
  • Beefsteak
  • Lamb or Mutton Chops
  • Pork Steak or Chops
  • Venison


  • Croquettes
  • Lamb
  • Chicken
  • Crab
  • Liver
  • Oyster
  • Fish


  • Cakes Etc.
  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Almond
  • Feather
  • Sponge
  • Fruit
  • Jelly
  • Carolas
  • Ginger Cookies
  • Sweet Wafers


  • Pickels, Sauces Etc.
  • Sweet Cucumber Pickles
  • Sweet Cucumber Mangoes
  • Chow Chow
  • Creole Chow Chow
  • Cherry Chutney
  • Game Sauce
  • Compound Tomato
  • Napoleon
  • Sweet Pickle Peaches
  • Sweet Pickle Prunes
  • Sweet Watermelon Kind Pickle
  • Sauce for Boiled Fish or Mutton
  • Milanese Sauce
  • Sauce for Suet Pudding


  • Pies, Etc.
  • Pastry for making Pies of all kinds
  • Preparing the Fruit for Pies
  • Rhubarb
  • Apple
  • Peach
  • Lemon Pies
  • Cocoanut
  • Cream Apple
  • Sweet Potato
  • Gooseberry and Cherry
  • Light Bread
  • Mince
  • Blackberry Roll
  • Oyster


  • Puddings
  • Snow
  • Plum
  • Corn
  • Corn Fritters
  • Batter
  • Rice
  • Yorkshire
  • Cheese
  • Suet


  • Preserves, Spices, ETC.
  • Brandy Peaches
  • Quince Preserves
  • Syrups for Preserves
  • Preserved Peaches
  • Preserved Pears
  • Currant Jelly
  • Cranberry Jelly
  • Strawberry Jam
  • Raspberry and Currant Jam Combined
  • Marmalade Peach
  • Crab Apple Jelly
  • Blackberry Brandy
  • Blackberry Syrup for Dysentery in Children
  • Preserved Apricots
  • Apple Sauce for Roast Pork
  • Charlotte Eusse
  • Spiced Currants
  • Preserved Cherries


  • Roast Meats
  • Venison
  • Beef
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Pig
  • Veal
  • Turkey
  • Chicken
  • Birds
  • Quail
  • Domestic Duck
  • Wild Duck


  • Salads
  • Chicken
  • Veal
  • Lamb
  • Shrimp
  • Crab
  • Meat


  • Sherbets
  • Orange
  • Lemon
  • Pineapple


  • Soups, Chowders, Etc.
  • Beef
  • Ox-TaH
  • Calf 's Head
  • Mock Turtle
  • Green Turtle
  • Oyster Gumbo
  • Ochra Gumbo
  • Old Fashioned Turnip
  • Chicken
  • Corn and Tomato
  • Creole
  • Fish Chowder
  • Chicken Gumbo


  • Miscellaneous
  • Fricassed Chicken
  • Fried Chicken
  • Chicken fried Steak
  • Meat Stews or Entrees
  • Ice Cream
  • Boiled Turkey
  • Beef a la Mode
  • Neckbones
  • Spiced Round
  • Hog Maws
  • Stuffed Ham
  • Lima Beans
  • Jumberlie a Creole Dish
  • Baked Fish
  • Ribs, Beef or Pork
  • Boiled Corn
  • Peach Cobbler
  • Egg Plant Stuffed
  • Chitterlings or "Chitlins"
  • Corned Beef Hash
  • Ladies' Custard
  • Tonic Bitters
  • Terrapin Stew
  • Leaven Biscuit
  • Pap for infant Diet
  • Sorghum Syrup
  • Cracklins
  • Meringue for Pudding
  • Circuit Hash


  • What Mrs. Fisher Knows About Southern Cooking
    Paperback – March, 1995
    by Abby Fisher (Author), Karen Hess (Editor)

    http://www.amazon.com/Fisher-Knows-About-Southern-Cooking/dp/1557094039

 

Southern Jewel Million Dollar Pound Cake
(this recipe is not from Mrs. Fisher cookbook, but has been in Annie's family for generations, it's everyones favorite!)

    Butter: 1 pound
    Sugar: 3 cups
    Eggs: 6
    Milk: 3/4 cup
    Cake Flour: 4 cups (Soft as Silk Cake Flour)
    Baking Powder: 1 teaspoon
    Vanilla Flavor: 1 teaspoon
    Lemon Flavor: 1 teaspoon

    Directions:
    For best results, leave butter and eggs out overnight
    Cream butter well, add sugar and mix until butter and sugar look like whip cream.
    Beat each egg individually and then add with sugar and butter, mix well for at least a couple minutes.
    Add milk and cake flour a little at a time, then add flavorings.
    Spray Pam spray on entire round cake pan, and then add cake batter.
    Bake about 1 hour and 15 minutes at 325.
    Let cake cool for about 30 minutes, and then remove cake from cake pan.



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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 2010s

Oscar Devereaux Micheaux
Oscar Devereaux Micheaux
photo #104-yr-1884

Our Community in 2010

Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • January 12, 2010 – A 7.0-magnitude earthquake occurs in Haiti, devastating the nation's capital, Port-au-Prince. With a confirmed death toll over 316,000, it is the seventh deadliest on record.

  • February 27, 2010 – An 8.8-magnitude earthquake occurs in Chile, triggering a tsunami over the Pacific and killing at least 525. The earthquake is one of the largest in recorded history.

  • April 13, 2010 – A 6.9-magnitude earthquake occurs in Qinghai, China, killing at least 2,000 and injuring more than 10,000.

  • June 22, 2010 - The US Postal Service issued a 44-cent, Oscar Devereaux Micheaux commemorative stamp.

  • September 4, 2010 – A 7.1 magnitude earthquake rocks Christchurch, New Zealand causing large amounts of damage but no direct fatalities. Seismologists noted that the earthquake sequence was highly unusual, and likely to never happen again anywhere else in the world.

  • 2010s - The United States Population is 308,745,538 with a total of 38,929,319 being African Americans.



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african americans and religion


How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?


 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.


Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.



Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.


The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:


Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.




The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism
photo#112-yr-2015

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.



A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.



Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.



Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.




Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.


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RESOURCES:


Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License


#100 -   By Aaron Fulkerson (Gary Coleman) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#101 -   By william Morgan2010 [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#102 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/usa-election-democracy-voting-806576/

#103 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/popcorn-movie-pop-corn-snack-film-898154/

#104 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/presents-gifts-birthday-wrapped-153926/

#105 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/clouds-sky-faith-christianity-god-806639/

#106 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/wedding-rings-wedding-before-love-251590/

#107 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/car-divorce-the-netherlands-joke-701770/

#108 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/graffiti-hiphop-hip-hop-hauswand-393489/

#109 - public domain  
https://pixabay.com/en/boy-player-baseball-pitcher-sport-432680/

#110 -
By Johlil16 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#111 -
By ArtistsCry13 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#112 -
By Wolf D. (Own work (own photograph)) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#113 -
By Unknown or not provided (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#114 -
https://pixabay.com/en/fireman-firefighter-rubble-9-11-100722/


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