Blast From The Past:
OUR HAMITE AWARD WINNER FOR 2011:
Joe Frazier, nicknamed "Smokin' Joe", was an American professional boxer, Olympic gold medalist and undisputed world heavyweight champion, whose professional career lasted from 1965 to 1976, with a one-fight comeback in 1981. Frazier was known for his sheer strength, durability, punch power and all-out relentless attack. He is one of only two boxers, the other being Ken Norton, to beat a prime Muhammad Ali.
Frazier emerged as the top contender in the late 1960s, defeating opponents that included Jerry Quarry, Oscar Bonavena, Buster Mathis, Eddie Machen, Doug Jones, George Chuvalo and Jimmy Ellis en route to becoming undisputed heavyweight champion in 1970, and followed up by defeating Muhammad Ali by unanimous decision in the highly anticipated "Fight of the Century" in 1971.
Two years later Frazier lost his title when he was knocked out by George Foreman. He fought on, beating Joe Bugner, losing a rematch to Ali and beating Quarry and Ellis again.
Frazier's last world title challenge came in 1975, but Ali beat him in their brutal rubber match. He retired in 1976 following a second loss to Foreman. He made a comeback in 1981, fighting just once, before retiring.
The International Boxing Research Organization (IBRO) rates Frazier among the ten greatest heavyweights of all time. In 1999, The Ring magazine ranked him the 8th greatest heavyweight. He is an inductee of both the International Boxing Hall of Fame and the World Boxing Hall of Fame.
Frazier's style was often compared to that of Henry Armstrong and occasionally Rocky Marciano, dependent on bobbing, weaving and relentless pressure to wear down his opponents.
His best known punch was a powerful left hook, which accounted for most of his knockouts. In his career, he lost to only two fighters, both former Olympic, and world heavyweight champions: twice to Muhammad Ali, and twice to George Foreman.
After retiring, Frazier made cameo appearances in several Hollywood movies, and two episodes of The Simpsons. His son Marvis became a boxer—trained by Frazier himself—but was unable to match his father's success.
His daughter Jackie Frazier-Lyde also boxed professionally. Frazier continued to train fighters in his gym in Philadelphia. His later years saw periodic insults and bitter feelings towards Ali, interspersed with brief reconciliations.
Joe Frazier was a fighter all his life. He was a very determined individual who proved that hard work and persistence would pay off. He gave the world some very exciting moments with his captivating fights.
He was indeed an unyielding warrior, one we are proud to call brother. Thanks Joe for the joy you brought to many. You were a true sportsman. We proudly honor your memory with the 2011 Hamite Award.
Frazier was diagnosed with liver cancer in late September 2011 and admitted to hospice care. He died November 7, 2011.
Joe Frazier |
For the year 2011:
- Charles E. Samuels, Jr. was the first African-American Director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons
| 2011 |
Osama bin Laden Killed
Carroll Ray "Dink" Mothell
| Sports in 2011 |
- Dink Mothell was buried in Topeka, Kansas shortly after he died in 1984, but did not receive a headstone until June 20, 2011. The grave marker was placed by the Negro Leagues Baseball Grave Marker Project.
- August 6, 2011 - Deion Sanders was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame.
Trivia: During the 1989 season, Deion Sanders hit a major league home run and scored a touchdown in the NFL in the same week, the only player ever to do so. Sanders is also the only man to play in both a Super Bowl and a World Series.
Liberty, Justice and Freedom For All
It's true at one time in history; America was intended solely for white people, but not all white people. Most of America's founders desired only the fittest and smartest whites to settle here. The Irish, Italians and many more ethnic groups were considered low-life and not worthy to intermingle with the self-proclaimed superior whites, in fact, they were treated as harshly as the black slaves.
But within the time they changed their views and allowed lower class whites to have an equal say in the building of America, and of course being similar in color made it easy for these people to blend in with one another, and in time you couldn't tell the difference. A luxury that was impossible for blacks to attain.
But on the other hand, Black slaves were considered savage beast without the capabilities to learn and contribute to America, other than with their back-breaking labor.
Why did whites feel this way abouts blacks?
Before their arrival to America as slaves, they were very far behind in development and intelligence. There were great African Kingdoms, but they were no match for the ruthless Europeans. African rulers failed to educate their citizens which would have been a huge undertaking because there were thousands upon thousands of different tribes and clans with their distinct language and customs.
Most Africans didn't know how to read and write and would pass their history down from generation to the next orally. They also believed profoundly in superstition and all sorts of foolish beliefs that didn't help them once the Europeans arrived allowing them to ravage and dominate the African populations completely. Whites were very competitive and chose to proclaim themselves superior to the blacks, instead of sharing their knowledge to help these uneducated Africans.
So from the beginning, the Europeans made this a race issue. Africans were so far behind in human development, whites thought very lowly of them, and since they didn't have examples and scientific techniques we have today to prove otherwise they did as they pleased with little protest from the majority of the white population. In fact, most whites believed blacks were half human/beast only because they didn't know any better.
But in time things would change, and there would become many free blacks and also blacks in slavery who would achieve against all the odds of racism. Many whites began to realize that blacks were human beings and if given a chance could be just as intelligent as white people. The movement was started to get blacks equality in America to the dismay of hardcore white supremacist who refused to accept this undeniable evidence that all men are equal in ability.
Scientific discoveries would later determine there was no genetic proof that blacks were inferior to other races which would utterly destroy the superior white theory that had been preached for centuries. All that blacks needed was an education and an opportunity to compete and could do just as well as other races.
Although African-Americans were not immigrants but brought here as slaves, they had things in common because they also yearned for liberty, justice, and freedom. In time what made America so great was it realized it was wrong and attempted to change it's view so it could live up to the true meaning of liberty and justice for all.
But this wouldn't be easy because of many white people who refused to change their views and progress to a new era of love and cooperation for all humanity. They choose to live in the past where they enjoyed a comfortable, privileged life without blacks in the loop.
Since the races were compared to an inferior versus superior issue, many centuries ago white superior beliefs may have been a reasonable belief, with the Africans so far behind in human development and Europeans much more advanced. But with the successes of countless black Americans and other dark-skinned people around the world today, racism and hate have become an archaic, unreasonable and ignorant belief.
Is America at the crossroad?
Well if so, it had to happen one day. For generation after generation, whites have either consciously or unconsciously enjoyed special privilege in America. They control the purse strings not only in America but around the world in dictating a perverted version of justice and liberty for all. Other groups at home and abroad are growing weary and are fighting back.
Now the questions become, what will America do next? Will she attempt in becoming a true America of tolerance, justice, and liberty for all people or retreat to her lily white past where there is undoubtedly much danger awaiting for all who reside in her? Britain must answer the same questions.
Simply put, for people who say they love America but hate certain ethnic groups who reside in her are lying to themselves. Their hatred is not based on anything factual. They hate America. They're not true Americans and ultimately fail to understand the real meaning of her and seek to destroy the last great empire in world history with their foolish hate.
President Barack Obama
| Political Scene in 2011 |
- 2011 - Barack Obama is the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at University of Chicago Law School between 1992 and 2004.
THE CIVIL RIGHTS BATTLE HAS BEEN WON!
We are extremely happy and excited for the future!
There are smaller battles ahead, but we will prevail.
It was a horrific journey.
We thought after slavery was outlawed in 1863, everything would be okay.
But instead, it was a big disappointment the next hundred years for blacks.
Since emancipation blacks have been murdered by lynch mobs, tortured, raped, assaulted, disrespected, demoralized, discouraged and made to feel less than human, and a search of history would reveal blacks seldom retaliated but always longed for peace and justice. But after the victorious civil rights battle, many are in terrible shape mentally, but we will keep on pushing. We've come too far to quit now.
Most white Americans along with our United States government actively participated in atrocities that bordered on genocide against blacks either by their silence or direct involvement, but there were also many good white American brothers who understood the true meaning of democracy for all.
We couldn't have been victorious without them. Our Civil Rights leaders have been excellent moral examples for us since freedom from slavery. It was a collective effort. They unselfishly lead blacks and did an outstanding job.
They were the only hope of a race of people without a voice in a privileged white society who had kidnapped our U.S. Constitution to their own selfish advantage.
We would like to take this opportunity to give recognition to ones who have helped our American struggle. This is not a complete listing by any means. There were many more shining examples of Americans, both black and white.
But now since we are victorious with our Civil Rights and ready to travel the next phase of our journey, we need strong black leaders who will teach us the critical importance of education. So an important question needs to be answered.
We need to know...
Our fearless Civil Rights leaders have victoriously completed their task and have proudly passed the baton to all African American Mothers and Fathers to continue the struggle by raising our children with high moral standards encouraging them to achieve and soar like the eagles.
The new black leaders of our community,
Aren't they beautiful?
They would make our ancestors very proud!
I think I feel a tear coming
HOW LONG WILL WHITE-AMERICANS |
SIT ON THE FENCE?
The purpose of this feature is to arrive at an honest and reliable answer how white Americans feel about black citizens. What better way to accomplish this than to examine its past leaders who represented the communities they served. The three greatest Presidents in American history are revisited for their treatment of black people. Their actions or inactions will without a doubt give us a clue.
George Washington is considered the Father of our country. His contemporaries which included men such as John Adams, John Dickinson, and Willam Whipple just to name a few disliked slavery. Whipple, who was a signer of the Declaration couldn't bring himself to sign the document without first freeing his slave and Dickinson did the same. These men, among others, sincerely believed in the principle that all men are created equal and have the right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
Another of Washington's contemporaries was British author Thomas Day who made the following comment about America's founders:
"If there be an object truly ridiculous in nature, it is an American patriot, signing resolutions of independency with the one hand, and with the other brandishing a whip over his affrighted slaves."
While the Declaration was being created and debated most founders were content in sweeping the slave issue under the rug by leaving out much mention of black slaves because many of them were slaveholders themselves and figured this would make them look like hypocrites.
During the war, the colonist and British actively sought and recruited black slaves to fight and promised freedom after the victory. It's well recorded that slaves fought with courage and valor that ensured American success. George Washington himself remarked in writing:
Washington wrote a letter to Colonel Henry Lee III stating that success in the war would come to whatever side could arm the blacks the fastest.
But after victory, America didn't keep its promises, and most blacks were forced back into slavery. Of course, George Washington had to know about this but did nothing. Washington had many slaves himself and didn't want to free them and damage his financial stake. History shows he put money interests ahead of principle. Washington was a brilliant soldier but failed as an upholder of truth and justice. As a leader, Washington's inaction would set the tone for future race relations in our country.
Washington had trivialized the principle of human rights for black people, the very complaint the Patriots had against England and the reason the war was fought. It's sad to say, but Washington didn't stay in the truth, but at least the British kept their promise by shipping the many blacks who fought on their side to Sierra Leone Africa and Nova Scotia for a new life.
In contrast to George Washington, Abraham Lincoln evidently didn't share Washington's view of the principles this country was founded. Lincoln was an ardent lover of truth and democracy. He took pride in doing the right thing. We must be honest in saying Lincoln had adamant opinions how he felt about black people personally. He would go on to make the following quotes;
"As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy. Whatever differs from this to the extent of the difference, is no democracy."
"I have no purpose to introduce political and social equality between the white and the black races.... But I hold that ... there is no reason in the world why the negro is not entitled to all the natural rights enumerated in the Declaration of Independence, the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
"Nearly eighty years ago we began by declaring that all men are created equal; but now from that beginning, we have run down to the other declaration, that for some men to enslave others is a "sacred right of self-government." Our republican robe is soiled and trailed in the dust.… Let us repurify it. Let us re-adopt the Declaration of Independence, and with it, the practices, and policy, which harmonize with it.… If we do this, we shall not only have saved the Union: but we shall have saved it, as to make, and keep it, forever worthy of the saving."
Now it's very clear from the many negative comments Abraham Lincoln made against black people he wasn't likely to have them over for dinner or have any other social interaction. But if living in our day would have probably changed his views. He was well known for his ability to adapt. So why was he a great President?
Because even though Lincoln felt blacks were not equal, he still felt they should be able to enjoy all the rights a white person did. HOW COURAGEOUS! Lincoln went against the grain and chose to institute the Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves and Reconstruction Acts that would eventually give blacks citizenship and the right to vote.
Lincoln understood what every single President in American history ignored, and that the most important thing for America to keep sacred was upholding the principles of human rights and equality for all. Something that had never been accomplished in any government of humankind's history. Throughout the years all U.S. Presidents bowed down to racist white power and sold out these principles.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
During the Roosevelt administration, America would proclaim itself a moral leader of the entire world for human rights and democracy.
Without a doubt, this opened the door for the advancement of black people. This was when The Black Cabinet who were an informal group of African-American public policy advisors to the President came into existence, an accomplishment unheard of up until that time.
Roosevelt also issued Executive Order 8802, which created the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) which was the most significant federal move in support of the rights of African-Americans between Reconstruction and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The President's order stated that the federal government would not hire any person based on their race, color, creed, or national origin. Millions of blacks and women achieved better jobs and better pay as a result.
In 1942, at Eleanor's instigation, Roosevelt met with a delegation of African-American leaders, who demanded full integration into the armed forces, including the right to serve in combat roles and the Navy, the Marine Corps and the United States Army Air Forces. Roosevelt agreed, but then did nothing to implement his promise.
Roosevelt also had a Vice President named Henry Wallace who was a true lover of democracy, justice, and liberty for all. Wallace was a different breed of people of his day because he believed all races were equal in America and weren't afraid to voice this. But sadly, Roosevelt didn't support Wallace as Vice President for his final term in office choosing instead go with Harry Truman who as a younger man once voiced how he felt about non-whites:
"I think one man is as good as another as long as he's decent and honest and not a nigger or a Chinaman. The Lord made the man out of dust, the nigger from mud and threw up what was left to create the Chinaman."
Roosevelt was a mixed bag when it came to upholding the principles the nation was founded. For example, there were black leaders during his administration who petitioned the United Nations with the declaration of Genocide that the government was committing against blacks. Roosevelt failed to see the importance of being proactive in upholding the principles of the Declaration of Independence for all citizens.
What can we learn from these three great men?
The one most important observation is there weren't any of these Presidents who sincerely liked black people, and throughout the years America's white citizens haven't been any different. The honest truth is whites don't care for blacks as brothers. In their eyes, it's either white superiority or black superiority and forget all that brother crap.
But on the other hand black people view themselves as Americans and don't understand why they can't be looked upon and treated the same as an Irish American, Italian American, English American, Polish American, etc. and are always seeking inclusion as one big happy American family which makes total sense but sad to say many whites can't truthfully see beyond color (which represents advantage).
When it's all said and done racism exist because of money and pride. Just imagine if every single black person in America was a millionaire and lacked for nothing and controlled the purse strings with all white people in extreme poverty begging and eating out of garbage cans. This would eliminate the bulk of racism because whites wouldn't have any power.
Money=power, but money doesn't have to equal hate, it what the one with the power chooses to do with it. This is where pride comes in because all racist feel they are special people and their way of doing things is the best way, the superior way and the only way as far as they are concerned. People have the power to opt for love, but always choose selfishness and hate.
Because of this, America has never been the one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all we see on television, and being the father of our country, George Washington started these false beliefs and practices.
Generally speaking, white citizens today are not much different than these three past Presidents and through the years have become three distinct classes:
(1) George Washington class: This shortsighted and selfish class puts money and greed interest ahead of principle that would promote peace and harmony for the whole.
(2) Abraham Lincoln class: This class puts the welfare of whole first and recognizes this earth doesn't belong to one single group of people and must be truthfully shared equitably.
(3) Franklin D. Roosevelt class: This class hopes for the best but won't lift a finger in achieving that. This class straddles the fence and can sympathize with both the Washington and the Lincoln class. They are wishy-washy and travels where the winds blow them.
It's important to remember that all three classes don't particularity like blacks and have minimal association with them if any, and this is said because even today it's rare for the races to mingle and when they do can be uncomfortable in a social setting, how ridiculous! The race with the power is the only one that can change this for the better. It's that simple.
In a sense, Washington created the blueprint for a distorted and false view of American principles that became the norm in much of America's dealings with black people. Abraham Lincoln tried to do away with this damaging logic and desired America to live up to the principles it was founded and died for his beliefs. Roosevelt dabbled on either side by sitting on the fence of inaction and did little for principle because being partakers of a privileged life was more advantageous to his class.
The danger of this, of course, was that in continuing to undermine principle, the prospect would exist of being faced with an America that wouldn't be recognizable. Lincoln was the only President to understand and appreciate this danger.
“Ignorance of how we are shaped racially is the first sign of privilege. In other words. It is a privilege to ignore the consequences of race in America.” Tim Wise
So has America changed, if yes, what has she become?
Good question, but you must answer yourself.
But there are many more questions that need to be answered. Because of the folly of greed and racism and lack of action to speak out by the real Americans, has this country morphed into another form of power that is completely different than it started out? Has it become like an insatiable, greedy, detestable and ugly monster without a soul or conscience?
| Movies in 2011 |
- Pariah - Dee Rees (director/screenplay); Adepero Oduye, Aasha Davis, Kim Wayans - Drama
- Rio - Tracy Morgan, will.i.am, Jamie Foxx - Romance, Family, Adventure
- Fast Five - Vin Diesel, Paul Walker, Jordana Brewster, Tyrese Gibson, Chris "Ludacris" Bridges, Matt Schulze, Sung Kang, Dwayne Johnson, Joaquim de Almeida - Action, Crime
- Madea's Big Happy Family - Tyler Perry (director/screenplay); Tyler Perry, Loretta Devine, Bow Wow, Lauren London, Isaiah Mustafa - Comedy
- African Cats - Samuel L. Jackson - Documentary
- Jumping the Broom - Salim Akil (director); Arlene Gibbs, Elizabeth Hunter (screenplay); Angela Bassett, Mike Epps, Paula Patton, Laz Alonso, Meagan Good, Loretta Devine - Comedy, Romance
- Winnie Mandela - Jennifer Hudson, Terrence Howard, Wendy Crewson, Elias Koteas - Biography, drama
- Tower Heist - Ben Stiller, Eddie Murphy, Casey Affleck, Alan Alda, Matthew Broderick, Téa Leoni, Michael Peña, Gabourey Sidibe - Crime comedy
Academy Award Winners:
- 2011 - Octavia Spencer for The Help - Best Actress in a Supporting Role.
David "Honeyboy" Edwards
| Famous Deaths in 2011 |
- February 11, 2011 - Paul Frappier better known by his stage name Bad News Brown (at times, also as BNB and Briz Brown), was a Montreal-based Canadian entertainer.
- February 28, 2011 - Nick LaTour was an American television, film, and stage actor.
- March 12, 2011 - Mitchell Otis Page was a Major League Baseball player. He finished second to Hall of Famer Eddie Murray in American League Rookie of the Year balloting when he came up with the Oakland Athletics in 1977.
- March 16, 2011 - Thomas Jerome Dunbar was a professional baseball player who played as outfielder in Major League Baseball for three seasons with the Texas Rangers.
- April 26, 2011 - Phoebe Snow was an African American singer, songwriter, and guitarist, best known for her chart-topping 1975 hit "Poetry Man.
- May 10, 2011 - Mia Amber Davis was an American plus-size model and actress, who was best known for her role in the film Road Trip.
- May 27, 2011 - Gil Scott-Heron was an African American soul and jazz poet, musician.
- May 30, 2011 - Clarice Taylor was an American stage, film and television actress.
- July 24, 2011 - Jane White was an actress of African-American and European descent.
- August 3, 2011 - Bubba Smith was an African American professional football player and actor.
- August 5, 1927 - Hazel Winifred Johnson-Brown was a nurse and educator who served with the U.S. Army from 1955-1983. In 1979 she became the first black female general in the United States Army and the first black chief of the Army Nurse Corps. She was also the Director of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Nursing.
- August 22, 2011 - Nickolas Ashford were a husband-and-wife songwriting-production team and recording artists.
- August 29, 2011 - David "Honeyboy" Edwards was a Delta blues guitarist and singer from the American South. Trivia: Edwards commenting about life on the road. On Saturday, somebody like me or Robert Johnson would go into one of these little towns, play for nickels and dimes. And sometimes, you know, you could be playin' and have such a big crowd that it would block the whole street. Then the police would come around, and then I'd go to another town and where I could play at. But most of the time, they would let you play. Then sometimes the man who owned a country store would give us something like a couple of dollars to play on a Saturday afternoon. We could hitchhike, transfer from truck to truck, or if we couldn't catch one of them, we'd go to the train yard, 'cause the railroad was all through that part of the country then...we might hop a freight, go to St. Louis or Chicago. Or we might hear about where a job was paying off – a highway crew, a railroad job, a levee camp there along the river, or some place in the country where a lot of people were workin' on a farm. You could go there and play and everybody would hand you some money. I didn't have a special place then. Anywhere was home. Where I do good, I stay. When it gets bad and dull, I'm gone
- September 8, 2011 - Jesse Harrison Jefferson was a Major League Baseball pitcher best remembered as an inaugural member of the expansion Toronto Blue Jays.
- September 22, 2011 - Vesta Williams was an American recording artist and songwriter, who performed across genres such as pop, jazz, adult contemporary and R&B.
- October 9, 2011 - Ray Aranha was an American actor, playwright, and stage director.
- November 7, 2011 - Joe Frazier also known as Smokin' Joe, was an American professional boxer, Olympic gold medalist and Undisputed World Heavyweight Champion, whose professional career lasted from 1965 to 1976, with a one-fight comeback in 1981.
- November 26, 2011 - Ron Lyle was an American professional boxer. He was known for his power punching, and for pleasing crowds with his courage and determination inside the ring. Lyle holds notable wins over Oscar Bonavena, Jimmy Ellis, Earnie Shavers and Joe Bugner.
- November 29, 2011 - Patrice O'Neal was an American stand-up comedian, radio personality, and actor.
- December 13, 2011 - Graham Brown was an American actor best known for his work in the theatre.
- 2011 - Helen Gathers was a African American R&B girl group memberof The Bobbettes.
- Paul Frappier (May 8, 1977 – February 11, 2011), better known by his stage name Bad News Brown (at times, also as BNB and Briz Brown), was a Montreal-based Canadian entertainer, musician, and hip hop MC of Haitian origin. Brown's corpse was found in an alley on February 11, 2011.
- Nathaniel Dwayne Hale (August 19, 1969 – March 15, 2011), better known by his stage name Nate Dogg, was an American singer, rapper, and actor. In September 2008, he suffered a second stroke. Nate Dogg died on March 15, 2011 in Long Beach, California at the age of 41.
- Cali Swag District is an American hip hop group from Inglewood, California, founded by former Death Row Records artist Big Wy and Dairold Potts. The group's members are rapper DJ C-Smoove and rapper Yung. Former members Montae "M-Bone" was shot and killed in 2011.
- Soul Intent, was an American hip hop group formed by Detroit brothers Jeff & Mark Bass. On October 5, 2011, Soul Intent member Chaos Kid committed suicide.
- Dwight Errington Myers (May 24, 1967 – November 8, 2011), better known as Heavy D, was a Jamaican-born American rapper, record producer, singer, actor, and former leader of Heavy D & the Boyz. Myers died on November 8, 2011, in Los Angeles, California, at the age of 44. The cause of death was a pulmonary embolism.
- Thizz Entertainment is a San Francisco Bay Area-based, independent record label, started as Romp Records in 1996 by rapper Mac Dre. Member Killa Keise was shot and killed November 10, 2011.
- The Conscious Daughters (TCD) was an American female hip hop duo from the Bay Area, California, United States, consisting of Carla "CMG" Green and the late Karryl "Special One" Smith who was found dead at her home from complications associated with blood clots that reached her lungs.
- 1017 Brick Squad Records also known as 1017 Records, is a record label founded by Gucci Mane after his departure from Mizay Entertainment and the closing of So Icey Entertainment. On December 16, 2011, member Slim Dunkin was shot and killed
| Famous Weddings in 2011 |
- January 2011 - Shelly-Ann Fraser and Jason Pryce were wed.
- May 15, 2011 - Tamera Mowry and Adam Housley were wed.
- May 21, 2011 - Kordell Stewart and Porsha Stewart were wed.
- May 22, 2011 - Keyshia Cole and Daniel Gibson were wed.
- May 28, 2011 - Niecy Nash known as one of the contestants on the show Dancing with the Stars, married Jay Tucker.
- June 18, 2011 - Antonia Carter and Mickey Wright were wed.
- June 25, 2011 - Amerie Rogers and Lenny Nicholson were wed.
- July 24, 2011 - Valeisha Butterfield and Dahntay Jones were wed.
- July 30, 2011 - Stephen Curry and Ayesha Alexander were wed.
- July 31, 2011 - Eric Benet and Manuela Testolini were wed.
- August 13, 2011 - Sherri Shepherd and Lamar Sally were wed.
- September 4, 2011 - Julia Pace Mitchell and Stephen I. Hightower were wed.
- September 10, 2011 - Chris Paul and Jada Crawley were wed.
- September 10, 2011 - Jason Kidd and Porschla Coleman were wed.
- November 12, 2011 - Kenan Thompson and Christina Evangeline were wed.
- 2011 - Rae Dawn Chong and Nathan Ulrich were wed.
- 2011 - Ray Stoney and Celeste Scalone Stoney were wed.
IF NOT, WHY SO DIFFICULT TO FIND FOR MANY?
National issues have always been compounded for black males and females in America. The feminist movement of the 70s ushered in a division between men and women relationships both black and white. It taught the woman to be self-reliant, strong and independent from the male, and we must all admit she has down an outstanding job.
But in regards to relationships, black women had another issue to add to this because the black male in America has historically been a target of hate and fear and will probably continue to be so. After the 60s, the face of racism and exclusion changed its ugly image from overt to covert for the most part which can be just as damaging.
Let's be totally honest. Black men are simply not well liked or spoken of kindly in America. Just about every article we read in the papers or internet is something negative when editors just as easily could have chosen a positive story of black male kindness. People tolerate black men, but don't want any part of us, or to get to know us as human beings or fellow Americans.
After slavery whites instituted illegal laws that were 100% against our Constitution which enabled them to build an enormous and exclusive white power structure that still stands today.
Even today many black men are intimidated by this power structure and refuse to challenge it in an intelligent way, like picking up a book and using their God-given brain power. This is why our distant ancestors in Africa who come to America as immigrants to enroll in American colleges don't want anything to do with black Americans.
They think we're foolish for wasting this incredible opportunity in gaining success. They know it's not because black American males can't do it, it's because we don't want to do it. To prove this point, Google "African immigrants in college" and discover that African/Asian immigrants out-perform all races academically in higher learning.
No one would deny that African-Americans and Africans are from the same stock of humanity. So why is it black immigrants can achieve on such a high level in America and we don't?
It's because we start out the gate with a disadvantage created by this humongous power structure against us and even more sad is our own people, AKA black role models who sell their damaging and harmful products which teaches our young males an entirely different approach to American success while they pad their already fat pocketbooks.
These people fail to uplift our race and are always portraying negative images and imply that something is owed to us and we should feel sorry for ourselves, so why even try? What they rap/sing/act about doesn't include books and education but glorifies a life of having fun each and every day. For the most part, good black parents struggle to compete with these very powerful enemies and lose their sons to the streets.
Before the movement, there were more blacks who were married than whites. But that would later change. When the opportunity presented itself, these aggressive and amazing black women took off to achieve and soar like the eagles, leaving the intimidated black male in the dust with his foolish boy-like games. Many black women would go on to raise families without the intimidated and targeted black man in the children's life.
No one better than her understood what the black male was going through facing everyday life, and she would have supported him if he would have put up some intelligent fight, but many struggling black men didn't and chose a foolish life of running game, and backwards living that's opposite of what it takes for American success.
In today's world, black women probably encounter these same struggling black men much more than the successful ones in their quest for love, but judge them as all the same.
Many extraordinary black men have figured out the white power structure game and became successful at it, and continues to do so.
There are tons of black fellas who are intelligent, honorable, stable, gainfully employed, and faithful who just desires a smart, sexy, girly black woman who understands how to relax in her femininity and allow the man to rest in his masculinity for the well-being of the relationship.
These extraordinary single black men sincerely wonder if they stand an ounce of a chance with the characteristic traits of a typical Black American woman.
Who are today's black women? We all know they are amazing human beings to accomplish what they have, but have they out-smarted themselves in regards to male-female relationships?
How would you answer?
Letisha is a 30-year-old college educated black woman who has worked hard as a lawyer to achieve the lifestyle she adores which includes a lovely home, luxury cars, plenty of cash in the bank and much food in the refrigerator. In a good year, Letisha will make $150,000. Letisha doesn't want for anything except for meeting a nice man, falling in love and getting married.
Lamont is a blue collar worker earning just enough to get by. He is self-taught in everything he does and is quite smart. He owns a junk yard that was left to him by his long-deceased dad, Fred. Lamont prefers his profession to be recognized as dealing in commodities. He loves his work. He just doesn't make much money from it. In a good year, Lamont will make $35,000.
Letisha decides to treat herself to a month long vacation in Hawaii staying at the best hotel. Lamont who plays the lottery every week finally hit a little jackpot decided to do the same. Fate would have these two young black people meeting and discovering an instant attraction and love connection, and happy they have a whole month to nurture it along.
Lamont and Letisha are inseparable the entire vacation. Letisha explains to Lamont that she's a lawyer and Lamont explains to her he's a dealer in commodities. They are so connected; they never run out of words to say, and even finish each other's sentences. Well, needless to say, they eventually make mad passionate love with Letisha shedding one tear which was always her gauge of a real lover.
Letisha and Lamont were very excited about what the future held for them. Possible marriage was even discussed. On the last day of vacation, they exchanged addresses. Letisha was so excited she expressed to Lamont she couldn't wait to visit him. Two weeks later and upon arriving at Lamont's junkyard business she couldn't believe the huge sign that read "Top Commodities Dealer, Lamont." Letisha made a quick u-turn and never called Lamont again. Lamont felt hurt and wondered if another type of woman would have stayed.
Which woman do you more associate with?
(1) The woman that stayed and continued with her relationship with Lamont is a level headed woman and hasn't let money cloud her view of real life and potential happiness with an otherwise good black man who had proven to stimulate both her mind and body.
(2) The woman that made the quick u-turn is the frustrated one, and always complaining about there not being any good black men because she equates money with happiness, when quite the contrary joy and love is very straightforward and easy. Being unreasonable she makes everything difficult.
Analysis: Independent black women have accomplished so much since the Civil Rights movement of the 60s, and have our wonderful African American ancestors to thank for the opportunity. Money should only be used as a tool for the benefit of the relationship between a man and woman not a gauge of another person's character or worth. Real men for decades found pride in bringing home the bacon to their wives who didn't work and those relationships worked just fine, only because money was not the primary factor, love and respect was.
| Famous Divorces in 2011 |
- January 28, 2011 - Eva Longoria and Tony Parker were divorced.
- February 2011 - Terrence Howard and Michelle Ghent were divorced.
- October 7, 2011 - Lisa Wu and Ed Hartwell were divorced.
- October 23, 2011 - Christina Milian and Dream were divorced.
- October 25, 2011 - Dawn French and Lenny Henry were divorced.
- November 11, 2011 - Tina Knowles and Mathew Knowles were divorced.
- November 2011 - Kevin Hart and Torrei Hart were divorced.
Taraji P. Henson
| Music in 2011 |
Billboard Top Soul Hits:
- "Can't Be Friends" Trey Songz
- "Fall for Your Type" Jamie Foxx featuring Drake
- "Moment 4 Life" Nicki Minaj featuring Drake
- "Look at Me Now" Chris Brown featuring Lil Wayne & Busta Rhymes
- "Sure Thing" Miguel
- "Motivation" Kelly Rowland featuring Lil Wayne
- "I'm On One" DJ Khaled featuring Drake, Rick Ross & Lil Wayne
- "Marvin & Chardonnay" Big Sean featuring Kanye West & Roscoe Dash
- "She Will" Lil Wayne featuring Drake
- "Niggas in Paris" Jay-Z and Kanye West
- "Lotus Flower Bomb" Wale featuring Miguel
Popular Soul Dances:
- Getting Light
- Swag Surfin’
- The Dutty Wine
- The Booty Bounce
- The Harlem Shake
- Flapping Your Wings
- The Chicken Head
Musical Happenings in 2011:
- Alberta Hunter was inducted to the Blues Hall of Fame in 2011, while her album Amtrak Blues had been previously honored in 2009.
Blues Hall of Fame for 2011:
The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015
- Big Maybelle
- Robert Cray
- John P. Hammond
- Alberta Hunter
- Denise LaSalle
- J. B. Lenoir
BET Awards winners in 2011:
The 2011 BET Awards took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California on June 26, 2011. The awards recognized Americans in music, acting, sports, and other fields of entertainment over the past year. Actor Kevin Hart hosted the event for the first time. The show had an audience of 7.7 million.
Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
- Nicki Minaj
Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
- Kanye West
Best Gospel Artist
- Mary Mary
Best Female R&B Artist
Best Male R&B Artist
- Chris Brown
- Diddy-Dirty Money
Best New Artist
- Wiz Khalifa
- "Look at Me Now" – Chris Brown feat. Lil Wayne and Busta Rhymes
Video of the Year
- "Look at Me Now" – Chris Brown feat. Lil Wayne and Busta Rhymes
Video Director of the Year
- Chris Robinson
- "Look at Me Now" – Chris Brown feat. Lil Wayne and Busta Rhymes
Young Stars Award
- Jaden Smith, Willow Smith
- Marsha Ambrosius
- Taraji P. Henson
- Idris Elba
- For Colored Girls
Best Female Athlete
- Serena Williams
Best Male Athlete
- Michael Vick
Best International Act: Africa
- 2face Idibia (Nigeria) - D'banj (Nigeria)
Best International Act: United Kingdom
- Tinie Tempah
- Chris Brown
- Steve Harvey
Lifetime Achievement Award
- Patti LaBelle
There were a number of very talented stars who weren't nominated for the 2011 BET Awards and took to their Twitter accounts to complain. Feeling snubbed, Trina, Keyshia Cole, and Lloyd expressed their displeasure.
Grammy winners in 2011:
The 53rd Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 13, 2011, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. They were broadcast on CBS with a rating of 26.6 million viewers.
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
- Roy Haynes
Best Dance Recording
- "Only Girl (In the World)" – Rihanna
Best Female R&B Vocal Performance
- "Bittersweet" – Fantasia
Best Male R&B Vocal Performance
- "There Goes My Baby" – Usher
Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals
- "Soldier of Love" – Sade
Best Traditional R&B Vocal Performance
- "Hang On in There" – John Legend & The Roots
Best Urban/Alternative Performance
- "F... You" – Cee Lo Green
Best R&B Song
- "Shine"-John Legend & The Roots
Best R&B Album
- Wake Up! – John Legend & The Roots
Best Contemporary R&B Album
- Raymond vs. Raymond – Usher
Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group
- "On to the Next One" – Jay Z & Swiss Beatz
Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
- "Empire State of Mind" – Jay-Z & Alicia Keys
Best Rap Song
- "Empire State of Mind"-Jay-Z & Alica Keys
Best Contemporary Jazz Album
- The Stanley Clarke Band – The Stanley Clarke Band
Best Jazz Vocal Album
- Eleanora Fagan (1915-1959): To Billie with Love from Dee Dee Bridgewater – Dee Dee Bridgewater
Best Improvised Jazz Solo
- "A Change Is Gonna Come" – Herbie Hancock
Best Jazz Instrumental Album, Individual or Group
- Moody 4B – James Moody
Best Large Jazz Ensemble Album
- Mingus Big Band Live at Jazz Standard – Mingus Big Band
Best Gospel Performance
- "Grace" – BeBe & CeCe Winans
"It's What I Do"
- Jerry Peters & Kirk Whalum, songwriters (Kirk Whalum & Lalah Hathaway)
Best Contemporary R&B Gospel Album
- Still – BeBe & CeCe Winans
Best Americana Album
- You Are Not Alone – Mavis Staples
Best Traditional Blues Album
- Joined at the Hip – Pinetop Perkins & Willie 'Big Eyes' Smith
Best Contemporary Blues Album
- Living Proof – Buddy Guy
Best Traditional Folk Album
- Genuine Negro Jig – Carolina Chocolate Drops
Best Zydeco or Cajun Music Album
- Zydeco Junkie – Chubby Carrier and the Bayou Swamp Band
Best Reggae Album
- Before the Dawn – Buju Banton
Best Traditional World Music Album
- Ali and Toumani – Ali Farka Touré & Toumani Diabaté
How did "acting" Cool begin for African Americans?|
It seems like it's been around forever and
expected of every black kid growing up
For most blacks, cool started on the southern plantations. Opportunists slavemasters devised a way for slaves to work harder and reap the benefits of their labor. During the year at a chosen plantation slave masters would hold a "Corn Shucking Festival." Slaves from nearby plantations would also join this event with their owner's permission, so it was almost like a community gathering of all the local slaves, with greedy slavemasters making all the money.
The slave who shucked the most corn won an award, sometimes cash or a suit of clothes. Anyone who found a red ear of corn also received a reward - perhaps a kiss from a young woman or a jug of whiskey. It was at these events that the term Shuckin' and jivin' came into existence by the slaves while working and telling tall stories, talking smack, and joking around with each other.
These gatherings, even though involving hard work had to be an event looked forward to by the slaves, because it was one of the few times during the year blacks had a chance to interact with one another. Shuckin' and jivin' would become a tool the slaves would use to convince their masters of an untruth, and even among themselves. It was an early form of being cool.
After slavery blacks were free (sort of) to do as they pleased. Most blacks wanted to assimilate into American culture very much but were shut out by the white racist. African and European culture met head on in what was supposed to be fair in America guaranteed by our Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, but blacks didn't stand a chance.
Why, what happened?
Because most whites banded together by breaking the law and made blacks second class citizens and would go on to murder, lynch, rape, humiliate them all the way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement. After Lincoln, every single United States President was aware of this and did nothing. Whites achieved like crazy and prospered while blacks lagged far behind and got along the best way they knew how.
Blacks disliked whites very much for this terrible treatment and instead of violent disobedience, they protested by living their lives opposite of white culture. I mean let's face it, why would blacks want to imitate or become a part of a race of people that hated them?
This is when being cool became a symbol of white resistance and protest. Being cool would show you were down with the struggle. During slavery, we had already created our language which was AAVE and many blacks communicated this way. Any black that did not use it was looked down as trying to act white, joining the enemy sort of speak.
We developed our own way of walking with a proud gait, (George Jefferson strut) our own style of music, our own style of dance, our own style of food, our own style of worship, that didn't have anything in common with white folks and that suited blacks just fine. We were poor, but we were proud and cool and everyone who practiced these traits was cool and a part of the resistance.
In the process, we were creating a new culture that was admired over the world. Blacks have always had a remarkable ability to create something out of nothing. But sadly there was significant risk with this lifestyle in a great country such as America.
What were the downfalls?
Oscar Micheaux felt it was wrong for blacks to live this way in America. Oscar was an African American author, film director and independent producer of more than 44 movies and he is regarded as the first major African-American feature filmmaker, the most successful African-American filmmaker of the first half of the twentieth century and the most prominent producer of race films. He produced both silent movies and "talkies" after the industry changed to incorporate speaking actors.
Oscar felt that blacks should become aggressive and use their brainpower in achieving instead of just settling for what the white man doled out. This man lived in some of the most racist times in American history, but he didn't let that stop him from fulfilling his dreams and doing it the legal way.
Evidently, Oscar had a brother who was the very cool type and was content on just putting up a show, or a front as living a successful life. We all know the type. A person that was living beyond his means. Blacks of his day called this way of living “the good life.”
Oscar didn't like it and was very upset with his brother. He later wrote in his book and discussed the culture of doers who want to accomplish, and those who see themselves as victims of injustice and hopelessness, and do not want to step out and try to succeed, but instead like to dress up, act cool and pretend to be successful while living the city lifestyle in poverty.
Oscar understood that education doesn't belong only to white people, it's a gift for all humanity to better ourselves, and honestly the best-proven way. Chinese, Japanese, Middle-Eastern and all other non-white nations understand this and have prospered by education. It's one of humanities treasure to learn.
But many blacks associated education with white and stayed far away from it, to continue with their cool lifestyle. A foolish mistake, and just what racist whites want you to believe.
Early Europeans completely dominated the Africans because they were better educated. They had guns we had spears, you do the math. In Africa our ancestors didn't value education, but traditions and silly ones at that. But that didn't save them. Education would have, though.
So without a doubt, it is entirely wrong to associate teaching and learning to white people. Many of us would look down upon another black who tried to better himself through education by saying they were trying to act white, and it wasn't cool. Racist whites laughed at us for believing this way because they knew we would always be behind.
After the 1960s, when our full Civil Rights were finally restored, many blacks chose to live the more standard American way by attending school to learn. But many also wanted to remain trapped in time with the old AAVE living in what they still perceived as defiance to the white American way of doing things. But were they only hurting themselves?
Later in time, being cool had become so prevalent in the black community it confused many kids, because they didn't quite understand if they were going to hang out with the cool kids or the so-called boring kids who liked to read and learn. At an early age, they are at a critical crossroad. Taking the cool route may seem easier, and a lot of fun, but would be a devastating mistake.
After the Civil Rights era we now have the opportunity to attend school and achieve as much as we can, but being cool has snatched many of the black kids and locked them into a culture hating education and in the process ruining their young lives.
Many entertainment figures reap much money from this cool culture by portraying cool as, well cool. They tell impressionable ones what's cool to hear, talk about, wear, eat, etc. and at the same time padding their cool humongous bank accounts.
These even get on television and flaunt their riches in a youngster's face never explicitly teaching on how they might be as successful, without being dishonest, stealing or selling drugs. Education is not cool for them to preach.
One thing is for sure, being cool can be a lot of fun and there's no denying that. Everybody wants to be liked, and it seems like cool people are respected and admired the most, from the clothes they wear to the type of songs they listen to the way they talk, the effortless way they seem to accomplish every task is amazing.
They possess incredible confidence. But truthfully everything they've accomplished wouldn't have been possible without the sacrifices of our wonderful ancestors. So don't you agree we owe a particular moral responsibility to them?
Kids should remember cool is not the real deal, It's a game we can't get caught up in. Our ancestors endured so much so we could achieve. We should never forget that. That's what this site was created. Browse through its pages, and you're going to read stories of amazing blacks.
They made it possible for us, and we're sure they would advise us to achieve through education first and foremost and save the cool for the weekends, and I ain't Shuckin and Jivin!
By White House (Pete Souza) / Maison Blanche (Pete Souza) (The Official White House Photostream) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
By Senate Office of Richard Lugar [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
3 level hi-top fade
1990s inspired tribal prints fashionable in the 2010s
| Fashions in 2011 |
The 2010s ("twenty-tens") have been defined by a revival of austerity era period pieces, 1980s neon colors, and from late 2012 to 2014, unisex early 1990s styles influenced by grunge and skater fashions.
The early 2010s saw many recycled fashions from the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s as designers from stores like Topshop replicated original vintage clothing. In the United States, it was popular to wear designer brands like Gucci, Chanel, and Versace, neon colors such as pink, green, teal, black, purple, and yellow. Popular upper apparel includes ugly sweaters, khaki superdry trenchcoats, T-shirts with blazers, plaid, oversized flannel shirts worn or tied around the waist, oversized T-shirts, padded gilets, and crew neck sweaters. Crop tops were also reintroduced, but they didn't prove popular in stores. In the UK and the US, popular bottom apparel includes skinny jeans, leggings, parachute pants, railroad stripe pants or skirts, boyfriend jeans, and high-waisted shorts. Monochromatic clothing trends of 2014 and early 2015 included black and white lace dresses, lace blouses, jackets and dresses with peter pan collars, blazers, tuxedo jackets (often having contrasting black velvet or satin lapels), crop tops, oversized coats, striped culottes, loose Capri pants, patent leather gladiator sandals, romper suits, puffer jackets and vests. Brief fads of the mid 2010s included snuggie sleeved blankets and the unisex onesie suit. Desirable footwear included rain boots, flat sandals, stilettos, Keds, TOMS Shoes, Chucks, Sperry top-siders boat shoes, flat knee high riding boots, Uggs, Hunter brand rain boots, Ballerina flats, cavalier boots, gladiator sandals, combat boots, Doc Martens, and The Timberland Company hiking boots.
Neon colors and elaborate T-shirts were popular for much of the early 2010s, especially graphic print hoodies, novelty socks, red or blue skinny jeans, studded belts with large buckles, and Ed Hardy T-shirts embellished with rhinestones.
Many styles from the late 2000s remained fashionable in the Americas, with brands such as Polo Ralph Lauren and J Crew being well favored. Popular tops for men aged 20–50 included shawl collar cardigans, V-neck T-shirts, acid wash denim work shirts, cable knit pullovers, Tartan flannel Western shirts with snap fastenings, grunge style padded tartan overshirts in red, navy blue or dark green, throwback basketball or baseball uniforms, denim jackets, Aloha shirts, car coats, 1930s style linen sportcoats, brown or black brogues, and black leather jackets like the Schott Perfecto motorcycle jacket. Men's accessories of the early 2010s included Doc Martens, The Timberland Company, combat boots, Converse All Stars, Sperry Top-Siders, Nike Elite crew socks, snapback hats inspired by artists like Mac Miller, brown Oxford shoes, and classic Nike trainers.
Hip hop fans wear tactical pants, Nike Air Jordans, Ralph Lauren Polo Boots, Obey and Diamond Supply Co. T-shirts and snapbacks, Hollister T-shirts, and goggle jackets. Retro 1980s fashions like snapbacks, skinny acid-wash jeans, baseball caps, baseball jackets, nylon tracksuits, varsity jackets, Vans, Chuck Taylors, rain boots, retro Nikes, Shell tube socks, leather jackets, Levis, Adidas and Nike apparel, gold chains, Ray Ban sunglasses, Air Jordans, and over-sized sweaters, and colors such as red, green, and yellow, made a comeback in the African American community due to the influence of drum and bass, rave music, and indie pop-inspired rappers. Independent brands have risen to popularity, as well as floral print items and tie-dye items. Button-down shirts are often worn fully buttoned. Black boots, leather jackets, denim vests, bombers, monochrome sports jerseys, waxed jeans, black varsity jackets, tapered sweatpants, drop-crotch trousers, layering shorts over leggings and occasionally floral print are all popular trends within this style as well. Other notable rappers that sport this look include Kendrick Lamar, Danny Brown, and Pusha T.
The hi-top fade style fell completely out of fashion by the late 90's, but it has made a great comeback in the mid-2010s due to the late 1980s/early 1990s revival in hip hop fashion that started since 2011, and inspired by Wiz Khalifa. The hi-top fade was and still is commonly called just a flattop, due to the great likeness of the two styles. In fact, the hi-top fade could qualify as a variation on the flattop. Many African-American and Afro-Caribbean British women favor natural, Afro-textured hair in reaction to the damage caused by relaxers which were extremely popular in the 2000s, opting instead for natural products to style their hair. For African-American men, mohawk variants of the Afro, The 360 Waves, jheri curl and The Taper are popular in the 2010s, as are shaved patterns or "steps" into variants of the buzzcut.
United States Census for African Americans
in the 2010s
| Our Community in 2011 |
Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:
- March 11, 2011 – A 9.0-magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit the east of Japan, killing 15,840 and leaving another 3,926 missing. Tsunami warnings are issued in 50 countries and territories. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake..
- May 1, 2011 – U.S. President Barack Obama announces that Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaeda, has been killed on May 2, 2011 during an American military operation in Pakistan.
- October 23, 2011 – A magnitude 7.2 earthquake jolts eastern Turkey near the city of Van, killing over 600 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings.
- December 12, 2011 - Augusta Chiwy was awarded the Civilian Award for Humanitarian Service by the United States Department of the Army. It was presented to her by the U.S. Ambassador to Belgium Howard Gutman. Trivia: Chiwy was the daughter of a Belgian veterinarian from Bastogne and his Congolese wife, was born in 1921 in the Belgian Congo. She returned to Belgium at the age of nine and at aged 19, she went to Leuven to be trained as a nurse. She was a forgotten hero for many years until British historian Martin King tracked her down to get her the recognition she deserved. Her actions as a nurse in WWII while in the constant face of danger and saving countless lives went far beyound the call of duty. In July 2015 a documentary film about Chiwy entitled Searching for Augusta: The Forgotten Angel of Bastogne, produced by Martin King won the Emmy Award for Historical Documentary.
- 2011 was designated as International Year for People of African Descent.
- 2010s - The United States Population is 308,745,538 with a total of 38,929,319 being African Americans.
#100 - Public Domain image -
Pete Souza [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
#101 - Public Domain image -
By Federal Bureau of Invesigation (Ten Most Wanted May 3, 2011) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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