blast from the past

blast from the past
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annual hamite award

Lawrence Eugene Doby
    Lawrence Eugene Doby was an American professional baseball player in the Negro leagues and Major League Baseball (MLB) who was the second black player to break baseball's color barrier. A native of Camden, South Carolina, and three-sport all-state athlete while in high school in Paterson, New Jersey, Doby accepted a basketball scholarship from Long Island University.

    At 17 years of age, he began professionally playing baseball with the Newark Eagles as the team's second baseman. Doby joined the United States Navy during World War II. His military service complete, Doby returned to baseball in 1946, and along with teammate Monte Irvin, helped the Eagles win the Negro League World Series.

    In July 1947, Doby joined Jackie Robinson in breaking the MLB color barrier as he became the first black player to integrate the American League (AL) when he signed a contract to play with Bill Veeck's Cleveland Indians. Doby was the first player to go directly to the majors from the Negro leagues. A seven-time All-Star center fielder, Doby and teammate Satchel Paige were the first African-American players to win a World Series championship when the Indians won in 1948.

    With the Indians in Chicago in the midst of a road trip, Doby made his debut as the second black baseball player after Robinson to play in the majors after the establishment of the baseball color line. Two plainclothes police officers were hired to accompany Doby as he went to Comiskey Park. That day, Doby met his new teammates for the first time.

    "I walked down that line, stuck out my hand, and very few hands came back in return. Most of the ones that did were cold-fish handshakes, along with a look that said, 'You don't belong here,"

    Doby reminisced years later. Four of Doby's teammates did not shake his hand, and of those, two turned their backs to Doby when he tried to introduce himself. During warm-ups, Doby languished for minutes while his teammates interacted with one another. Not until Joe Gordon asked Doby to play catch with him was Doby given a chance to engage. Gordon befriended Doby and became one of his closest friends on the team. Doby entered the game in the seventh inning as a pinch-hitter for relief pitcher Bryan Stephens and recorded a strikeout.

    "After the game, Doby quickly showered and dressed without incident in the Cleveland clubhouse. His escort, Louis Jones, then took him not to the Del Prado Hotel downtown, where the Indians players stayed, but to the black DuSable Hotel in Chicago's predominantly black South Side, near Comiskey Park. The segregated arrangement established a pattern, on Doby's first day, that he would be compelled to follow, in spring training and during the regular season, in many cities, throughout his playing career

    Analysis:  Most human beings are followers, which is crazy! If one hates, they all hate. It makes them feel part of the group. Joe Gordon who befriended Larry was not a follower, but a man who relied on his own judgement.

    He helped the Indians win a franchise-record 111 games and the AL pennant in 1954, finished second in the AL Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award voting and was the AL's RBI leader and home run champion. He went on to play for the Chicago White Sox, Detroit Tigers, and Chunichi Dragons before his retirement as a player in 1962.

    Doby later served as the second black manager in the majors with the Chicago White Sox, and in 1995 was appointed to a position in the AL's executive office. He also served as a director with the New Jersey Nets of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He was selected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1998 by the Hall's Veterans Committee and died in 2003 at the age of 79.

    What a commendable career Larry enjoyed! It was quite an accomplishment being the second Negro player in Major League Baseball, one I'm sure he was very proud of, even with the stupid racism he had to endure. He certainly made many people happy with his active play.

    He wanted to do other things besides playing baseball so later he moved into the front office, which was very rare in those days and says a lot about his personality.

    This website was created to be a confidence builder. Its stories are true. Larry did what it took to provide for himself and his family and practiced exactly what this website is trying to prove. Larry had to go to work every day around racist people who did not like him. Did that stop him from putting food on the table, and resort to living a life of crime to make money? No, it did not.

    He went out and did the best job he could and even excelled at it. He could care less about the racist people. He followed the rules and brought that paycheck home which was the most important thing.

    I imagine he had a lot of stress behind the racism, though, but that's part of life I guess. Thanks Larry for teaching us this vital lesson we will strive to imitate, because the racist element in America is not dead.

    We would like to honor Lawrence Eugene Doby with the 2013 Hamite Award for being an excellent role model and setting an exemplary example for all watching.

 Lawrence Eugene Doby
Lawrence Eugene Doby
photo #106-yr-1923

 Lawrence Eugene Doby
Lawrence Eugene Doby
photo #102-yr-2013

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LeBron James,  Dwyane Wade, Michelle Obama
First Lady Michelle Obama tapes a "Let's Move!" public service announcement with
2013 NBA Champion Miami Heat players LeBron James, left, and Dwyane Wade,
in the Map Room of the White House
(Official White House Photo by Amanda Lucidon)

photo #103-yr-2013

baseball in 2000s

Serena  Williams
Serena Williams
photo #101

Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
photo #120-yr-2015

     Sports in 2013
  • May 4, 2013 - Boxer Floyd Mayweather beats Robert Guerrero to retain the WBC Welterweight title.

  • June 8, 2013 - Tennis great Serena Williams defeats Maria Sharapova at the 112th Women's French Open.

  • June 20, 2013 - The Miami Heat wins over the San Antonio Spurs to win the NBA Finals.

  • June 20, 2013 - The NBA finals MVP for the second straight year goes to basketball sensation LeBron James.

  • September 9, 2013 - Serena Williams defeats Victoria Azarenka at the 133rd Women's U.S. Open.

  • 2013 - Floyd Mayweather Jr. wins the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA) Fighter of the Year award.

  • 2013 - Floyd Mayweather Jr. wins the Best Fighter ESPY Award.

  • 2013 - Floyd Mayweather Jr. topped the Forbes and Sports Illustrated lists of the 50 highest-paid athletes.

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green door to success

Did you know you came from an amazing race of people who cared for you? It's true. The amazing accomplishments of our ancestors are recorded on this website. Years ago as slaves it was illegal for slaves to read and write, and a felony for anyone caught teaching them.

The slavemaster wanted to keep them ignorant so they wouldn't organize and rebel against their authority. They were able to completely dominate blacks in this way. The slavemaster understood the power of education.

Sadly today too many of our own have not learned how truly important it is to learn. Some may look at education as a white thing and to pick up a book as a sellout. Has any ignorant person ever made you feel that way? If so, you should run away as fast as you can from a person like this. You will meet him in a few years while he's pushing a shopping cart around town.

Education and learning are not white; it's a gift for all humankind. Read at all cost; it will add a new dimension to your life, bringing a whole new world you never knew existed. Your ancestors made it all possible for you.

green door to success

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african american first

 For the year 2013:
  • Cheryl Boone Isaacs was the first African-American president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

  • Jeh Johnson was the first African-American United States Secretary of Homeland Security

  • Simone Biles was the first African-American world all-around champion

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black school teacher

The year 1877 was the worst year for American Blacks

A good foundation means everything when attempting to build and the newly freed Negro just didn't have one. When slaves first tasted freedom in the emancipation, they wanted to assimilate into American culture very badly. They wanted to build and live their lives in harmony with their white American brothers.

There were over four million former slaves who were uneducated and illiterate without any life skills whatsoever. During slavery it was illegal and a felony for anyone caught teaching them to read and write. They were not independent like you and me, but depended on others to provide the necessities of life.

The United States government wanted to help the former slaves and assisted by providing Reconstruction aid which meant education, medical, housing, etc. Imagine the joy in these former slaves heart. The schools were consistently packed with Negroes trying to better themselves. Happiness was all around! Finally! Thanks, America, we will prove we can do it! YEAH! This was the general attitude of the Negro.

Sadly, this joy was very short lived because the United States government stopped aid after a few short years because of pressure by racist whites. This totally uncaring and un-American decision was called the 1877 Compromise, with many Negroes calling it the 1877 Grand Betrayal.

Although the Negro was now free, he would have to make do the best way he knew how, without any help whatsoever from the government who put him in slavery in the first place. These people became downtrodden, uneducated nomads living in a hateful white racist world, and because of future laws (Jim Crow) further restricting their rights would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.

A good foundation was not laid with blacks assimilation into American culture. Many blacks were understandably demoralized, angry and defeated for many years. The weaker ones continue to be so until this day and still hold a grudge that hurts themselves more than anybody else.

Now ones like Mr. Lewis who is pictured above understood his amazing African American heritage, and the many examples of black success stories he went on to model his life after. This helped him because he had a good foundation to build on. Study your incredible history that's included in this website and grow because it really is a thing of exceptional beauty.

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politics in washington dc

 President  Barack Obama
President Barack Obama
photo #108-yr-2008

     Political Scene in 2013
  • 2013 - Barack Obama is the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review.

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why do others dislike black people

"It is worthy of emphasis, that the antiquity of the Negro race is beyond dispute. His brightest days were when history was an infant; and, since he early turned from God, he has found the cold face of hate and the hurtful hand of the Caucasian against him."   George Washington Williams

How did it begin?

It's a worldwide negative perception of blacks.

But why?

Well, a quick and straightforward trip back in history will get the likely answer. The Arab trade of Zanj (Bantu) slaves in Southeast Africa predated the European transatlantic slave trade by 700 years but it wasn't until the Portuguese sailed to West Africa in search of gold and discovered something much more valuable, (slaves) and shared with the world what they encountered that aided in the bad rap on blacks.

good black americans
During the transatlantic slave trade the African empires of Benin, Dahomey, and Yoruba were very powerful. From these kingdoms, more than from any other part of Africa were the people sold into American slavery.

These kingdoms had many districts with different tribes and clans who always fought against each other. These tribes were illiterate without a written form, passing their history to the next generation orally. They were blissfully ignorant of the world around them. As with all people of a common nature, they lived within the limits and respect of the land and were very content in doing so.

Europeans considered the Africans pagans because most tribes were involved with witchcraft, idol worship, cannibalism, superstition, female genital mutilation, and human sacrifices just to name a few of their foolish practices. Europeans thought of themselves as being illuminators to the world made in the image of God which in their minds was white and holy.

Before Christianity took place in Europe, whites believed in a different form of worship which was called mythology, but in time came to their senses with the help of a man named Thales who would later become known as the father of science. Thales was the first person in human history to dispel mythology and would usher in a new way of thinking which was based on facts which in its beginning was called Natural philosophy, and later would be called science. Science would eventually take mythology's place in the way white people believed. Goodbye Jupiter and Neptune.

Thales studied, recorded and compared facts laying the foundation for science. In time, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle would go on to perfect the methods of science. Over the centuries with this wealth of new knowledge discoveries with the aid of science, you can probably imagine how this had to elevate the Europeans ego and self-worth in themselves.

good black americans

Before long they would claim white superiority, and many began even to doubt the existence of a God. So by the time the Portuguese made their arrival to Africa, they were only smarter and better educated than the blacks and of course dominated as they pleased.

Africans were still living in the past in a fast changing world and were no match for the very greedy and violent Europeans. Africans had seen the last of their glory days. It's a documented fact the Africans were the beginning of human innovation. Other races would go on to copy and perfect their existing creations, scientifically.

If you study ancient history and technological achievements which were in many ways the equal of, or superior of, much that we have today, were founded and carried to a high technological proficiency by Hamitic (African) people. This is the role in history given by God to the descendants of Ham. The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Mayans, the Aztecs, all were Hamitic people. They were the great inventors of mankind.

Why were the African people a no-show in technological discoveries other nations around the world were experiencing?

It wasn't because Africans weren't capable of learning. Type the key phrase into Google "African immigrants in college" you will discover the same lineage of Sub-Saharan Africans today out-perform all races in America's colleges academically. Skin color doesn't matter when it comes to learning; it was because of conditions beyond their control.

Africans couldn't share and contribute information with other nations during this period because of one humongous roadblock. The Sahara Desert. The entire continental United States would fit inside the Sahara Desert with plenty of room to spare. This desert spanned from west to east of Northern Africa and continued to grow, making it very dangerous and challenging for travel.

Sub Saharan Africans were landlocked, lost in time away from all other humanity. The Sahara Desert wasn't always a desert, but slowly grew to be that way. Cave drawings have been discovered in parts of the Sahara that actually depict the flora as green and thriving.

good black americans

So with Portuguese arriving in Africa with their advanced knowledge they encountered a people lost in time and because of their tribal culture and erroneous Pre-Adamic belief the Portuguese had about black people, these people were labeled ignorant wild beast, incapable of learning and the world agreed.

The Africans had a reputation as a peaceful and lovable people and were considered easy pickings by ruthless and brilliant Europeans who extended no mercy.

science and african americans

With their love for science, whites would constantly compare themselves with blacks. They collectively studied the Negro from the kinks in his hair, size of his brain to the jam in his toenails and declared themselves superior to this lowly ape-like creature.

They believed Africans were the descendants of pre-Adamism races and that the White race was made in the image and likeness of God and that Adam gave birth to the White race only.

They also believed and taught that blacks are not human beings but pre-Adamite beasts and could not possibly have been made in God's image and likeness because they are beastlike, immoral and ugly. Whites also claimed that the pre-Adamite races such as blacks didn't have souls. The world would be satisfied with their scientific theory they learned with the help of a blatant and racist media. Whites accepted these lies as truth and raised their kids to do the same.

Science, pre-Adamite beliefs, and the media would go on to replace common sense. According to whites, it was the destiny of these black beast to serve whites, and they believed they had God's backing. Some of the things they wrote as fact about the Negro would go on to cause many innocent deaths.

Typical American Newspaper Article Of Yesteryear

racist media

The above article was an editorial reply to another editor that was published in the Cayton's weekly., January 25, 1919, (Seattle, Wash.)

More than anything else science, pre-adamite beliefs and the racist media played an enormous role which perpetuated the negative image of blacks all over the world. The saddest part was when many blacks would believe these false teachings and felt unworthy, ugly and completely worthless as human beings and lived their lives in a useless way and the process was reinforcing these negative views.

Once in America the following comment gives insight into how whites viewed the Negro in the 1700s during colonial days.

Speaking on the duties of missionaries in converting the Negro to Christianity in 1784, Bishop Porteus published an extensive plan for the most effectual conversion of the slaves contending that

"despicable as they are in the eyes of man they are, nevertheless, the creatures of God."

When slaves first arrived in America, it wasn't quite agreed what their social status would be because it was supposed to be only temporary until white immigrants could come from other countries to take their place, but it didn't happen that way. This is when slavery slowly became associated with dark skin. Everybody jumped on the bandwagon against the lowly Negro who was considered inhuman and a savage beast.

But because it was later discovered that blacks were capable of learning, it made some bright whites change their negative view, except for white slavemasters who had a financial interest in keeping the Negro uneducated and made it a felony for anyone caught teaching them.

Real Americans soon began to realize blacks were human beings just as they were and started movements to free them from the bondage of slavery.

Writers of that day cite desirable characteristics of blacks, saying they were deeply religious, cheerful, imaginative, patient, courageous, had high physical endurance, affectionate and without vindictiveness, even though living under a brutal slavery system. They hated slavery, but always kept hope alive, waiting for their Judgement Day.

When their Judgement day arrived, how did slaves act once freed?

Imagine if you spent your entire existence depending and working from dusk to dawn for someone else and suddenly set free.

How would you do? 

Who would teach you to read and write, the importance of family, morality, open a bank account, manage your money, how to distinguish between necessity and want, how to keep your house maintained, the importance of honesty in personal and business dealings, how to think big and become self-reliant with confidence and the many more life skills that's needed in society? All would agree that these are crucial life skills to master that the Negro didn't have during slavery.

classy black women

Well, needless to say, many former slaves didn't measure up after freedom, wasting their lives with pleasure seeking and absolutely no ambition at all. These people gave the whole race a bad rap and continued to do so until this day.

But most wanted to learn these life skills and progress. That's why the Reconstruction schools of the 1870s were so important; it was like a halfway or transition house for the blacks into American culture. But of course we know that the U.S. government did away with Reconstruction in 1877 because of pressure from white southerners who didn't want educated blacks in America.

Our achievements have been many since then, so why does the negative image of blacks persist?

It's simple. The negative image of blacks persists around the world because of a lack of compassion and love mainly from non-black people. Even though erroneous beliefs of science and pre-Adamic theories happened centuries ago, hard habits are hard to break. It's entrenched in the hearts of many.

That's really sad, but as American citizens today, how are blacks doing?

Well under the circumstances blacks are doing a fantastic job, and it's a wonder we are still around. We as African-Americans are honing our life skills with increasing precision without the same network or support groups that other races enjoy. We are a unique type of people that don't have a reference point but must learn as we go.

Quite frankly, we are true Americans who continue to accomplish our goals non-violently and completely understand what the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence stands for. Would other races been able to do the same? We are love, always have been and always will be.

violent people

Historically, after being raped, tortured, lynched and murdered with perpetrators enjoying total impunity, the usual reply of blacks were these words, "I forgive you." Even though made out to be the violent savage beast, blacks seldom retaliated. It's true, check your history books. We live for today and as Americans realizing we have this excellent opportunity to excel and soar like the eagles, and we will!


Thomas Wentworth Higginson, a white officer in the Union army had the task of training colored soldiers in the Civil War. He kept a diary for our enjoyment today. (click here)

George W. Williams - History of the Negro Race in America From 1619 to 1880. (click here)

Europeans Come to Western Africa - (click here)

The Characteristics of the Negro People - (click here)

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black Movies in America

Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
photo #103-yr-2006

     Movies in 2013
  • 12 Years a Slave - Stars: Brad Pitt, Michael Fassbender, Michael Kenneth

  • About Last Night- Stars: Kevin Hart, Joy Bryant, Regina Hall

  • The Best Man Holiday - Stars: Monica Calhoun, Morris Chestnut, Melissa De Sousa, Regina Hall

  • Ride Along - Stars: Ice Cube, Kevin Hart, Tika Sumpter

  • Tyler Perry's Temptation (The Marriage Counselor) - Stars: Jurnee Smollett, Vanessa Williams, Brandy Norwood

  • Black Nativity - Stars: Forest Whitaker, Angela Bassett, Jennifer Hudson

  • Baggage Claim - Stars: Paula Patton, Djimon Hounsou, Taye Diggs

  • Go for Sisters - Stars: LisaGay Hamilton, Yolonda Ross, Edward James

  • Peeples - Stars: Craig Robinson, Kerry Washington, David Alan Grier

  • Fruitvale Station - Stars: Kevin Durand, Octavia Spencer, Michael B. Jordan

  • The Butler - Stars: John Cusack, Forest Whitaker, Lenny Kravitz

  • I'm In Love With a Church Girl - Stars: Michael Madsen, Stephen Baldwin

  • Blue Caprice - Stars: Joey Lauren Adams, Isaiah Washington

  • The Inevitable Defeat of Mister and Pete - Stars: Anthony Mackie, Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje

  • A Haunted House - Stars: Marlon Wayans, Essence Atkins, Nick Swardson

  • Kevin Hart: Let Me Explain - Stars: Dwayne Brown, Tonya George, Kevin Hart

  • Gimme the Loot - Stars: Ty Hickson, Zoë Lescaze, Joshua Rivera

  • Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom - Stars: Idris Elba, Naomie Harris, Terry Pheto

  • Life of a King - Stars: Cuba Gooding Jr., Dennis Haysbert

  • Richard Pryor: Omit the Logic - (archive footage) is a documentary film about the life of comedian Richard Pryor

  • Academy Award Winners:
  • 2013 - Lupita Nyong'o for 12 Years a Slave. Best Actress in a Supporting Role.

  • 2013 - Steve McQueen for 12 Years a Slave. Academy Award for Best Picture

  • 2013 - John Ridley for 12 Years a Slave. Academy Award for Best Writing Adapted Screenplay.

  • Special Awards:
  • 2013 - Jennifer Hudson received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

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famous african american deaths

James Avery
James Avery at the 2013 HAL Awards
photo #100

Kim Hamilton
Kim Hamilton, Ivan Dixon and Steven Perry
photo #105-yr-1960

Don Michael Mitchell
Don Michael Mitchell
photo #106-yr-1943

Don Michael Mitchell
Jane Cooke Wright
photo #101-yr-2013

     Famous Deaths in 2013
  • February 19, 2013 - Lou Leabengula Myers   was an American actor. Myers was typically typecast as a grumpy old man, but he has appeared in many movies, stage plays television sitcoms, and dramas.

  • February 19, 2013 - Jane Cooke Wright (also known as "Jane Jones") was a pioneering cancer researcher and surgeon noted for her contributions to chemotherapy.

  • March 23, 2013 - David L. Early  was an American actor and teacher, best known for his work on various television series, motion pictures, and theater.

  • May 26, 2013 - Larry Doby Johnson  was an American professional baseball player. A catcher, he appeared in 12 games over five Major League seasons for the Cleveland Indians.

  • June 4, 2013 - Rudolph M. "Rudy" Clay  was an American Democratic politician. He served as the mayor of Gary, Indiana and member of the Indiana Senate from 1972 to 1976.

  • June 23, 2013 - Bobby "Blue" Bland  was one of the greatest American blues singers of all times.

  • June 29, 2013 - Jim "the Dragon" Kelly  was an American athlete, actor, and martial artist who rose to fame during the Blaxploitation film era of the early 1970s.

  • August 18, 2013 - Albert L. Murray   was an American literary and jazz critic, novelist, essayist and biographer.

  • August 19, 2013 - Lee Thompson Young  was an American actor.

  • September 8, 1943 - Ken Norton  was an American professional boxer who competed from 1967 to 1981, and held the WBC heavyweight title from 1977 to 1978.

  • September 16, 1943 - Kim Hamilton  was an American film and television actress, whose career spanned from the 1950s to the 2010s.

  • September 27, 2013 - William James "Gates" Brown  was an American Major League Baseball player who spent his entire career with the Detroit Tigers.

  • December 5, 2013 - Nelson Mandela  was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

  • December 8, 2013 - Don Michael Mitchell   was an American actor, best known for appearing with Raymond Burr in the NBC television series Ironside (1967-1975).

  • December 22, 2013 - Leonard Jackson  was an African-American stage, film, and television actor, perhaps most widely known for his roles in several PBS television series for children as well as his roles in films such as The Brother from Another Planet, Car Wash, and The Color Purple.

  • December 26, 2013 - Paul L. D. Blair  was an outfielder who spent seventeen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Baltimore Orioles.

  • December 28, 2013 - Sheila Guyse  was a popular African-American singer, actress, and recording artist, performing on stage and screen during the 1940s and 1950s, in the Dorothy Dandridge film era.

  • December 31, 2013 - James Avery  was an American actor. He played patriarch and Judge Philip Banks in the sitcom The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air.

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deceased hip-hop artist
  • Awood Johnson (August 16, 1975 – March 1, 2013), better known by his stage name, Magic (or Mr. Magic), was an American hip hop recording artist from New Orleans, Louisiana. On March 1, 2013, Magic and his wife Chastity were killed in a fatal car accident in Hattiesburg, Mississippi.

  • Kris Kross was an American rap duo of the 1990s, Chris "Mac Daddy" Kelly and Chris "Daddy Mac" Smith. The duo was best known for their hit 1992 song "Jump", which was No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 for eight weeks and certified double platinum as a single. On July 1, 2013, a toxicology report was released that Kelly died from a drug overdose.

  • On June 20, 2013 Dream Chasers artist Lil Snupe was murdered at an apartment building in Winnfield, Louisiana.

  • O.F.T.B. (an abbreviation of Operation From The Bottom) was an American hip hop group from the Watts district of South Los Angeles, California. On September 23, 2013, member Kevin “Flipside” White was shot and killed.

  • Ricky Dunigan (November 17, 1973 – December 20, 2013), better known by his stage name Lord Infamous, was an American rapper from Memphis, Tennessee. On December 20, 2013, Lord Infamous died of a heart attack in his sleep at his mother's home in Memphis, Tennessee.

  • Glenn Thomas (June 13, 1991 – December 28, 2013), better known by his stage name Doe B, was an American hip hop recording artist from Montgomery, Alabama. On December 28, 2013, Doe B was shot at the Centennial Bar and Grill in Montgomery, Alabama.

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 american standards
 american standards

"all men are created equal"
The cornerstone of American Principles
But is it true, or just empty words?

Well, once again we have to go back in history to get the likely answer.

Just imagine in your mind what America was going through in it's beginning. Poor European immigrants from around the world braved the mighty oceans traveling to the "New World" for a better life. Anything was better than where they were leaving.

The church had dominated the thinking of Europeans for many years but with the invention of the printing press and sharing of information they slowly began forming their ideas and belief systems independent of the church. One of these beliefs was in social science which taught the Negro was an inferior ape-like creature with no prospect for advancement and whites were superior to them.

Sounds silly I know, but Europeans believed it (and some still do today). They brought these beliefs with them to America. This is the reason whites didn't want anything whatsoever to do with blacks because in their superior way of thinking it would be a step backward to intermingle and share America with people of African descent whom they considered beast like.

the negro is a beast

Europeans were much smarter and more advanced than Africans. Africans were a tribal people lost in time practicing all sorts of superstitious traditions. Leaders didn't teach their citizens to read or write, and much of African history was lost forever because of this failure. Africans would pass their culture down to the next generation orally.

The Sahara Desert kept these Sub Saharan Africans landlocked away from the rest of the world and because of this fact were not able to share in the worlds new love for education and science.

When Africans finally collided with the Europeans through the slave trade, they were shocked at the degree of hate these people had against them. Europeans loved science because it excused them from a moral conscience they had been burdened with in their practice of religion. So when they raped, pillaged, and murdered they did so in the name of science or white superiority which made it perfectly O.K. with their hearts.

After the Africans made it to America and were forced to work as slaves, it took many years until white people began to feel they were wrong about the mistreatment of blacks and started movements to free them. After slavery was finally abolished in 1863, another form of hate and discrimination would appear on the scene named Jim Crow.

After Abraham Lincoln had died, every single U.S. President up unto Lyndon Baines Johnson would ignore the Declaration of Independence principle that "All men are created equal" and violated the law of the land by disobeying our U.S. Constitution that guaranteed Negroes first class citizenship with Jim Crow laws. They just refused to accept blacks as equals. Throughout history this was referred to as the "Negro Problem"

It would remain this way until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.

Some of the early Americans who penned the Declaration of Independence and U.S. Constitution which was essentially a moral roadmap for all Americans to live by were honest to true goodness Americans who understood the vision for the United States.

But on the other hand, this true vision of America was too lofty for most whites to follow. They sought only to take from our country for their selfish gains. They considered themselves privileged ones.

But not all were anti-American.

Great men such as Wiliam Whipple who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence was a true American.

During the Revolutionary War period Whipple wrote as follows to Josiah Bartlett, “The last accounts from South Carolina were favorable. A recommendation is gone thither for raising some regiments of blacks. This, I suppose, will lay a foundation for the emancipation of those wretches in that country. I hope it will be the means of dispensing the blessings of Freedom to all the human race in America.”  William Whipple

Even though these true Americans like William Whipple didn't particularly like blacks, they were special people because they put their personal feelings on the back burner and American ideals and principles first. William Whipple could not sign the Declaration of Independence and own slaves at the same time, so what did he do? He set his slave free. Many other true early Americans did the same thing.

william whipple
William Whipple, a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and a true American

But most American leaders chose to ignore American ideals and principles for their advantage and held on to their slaves, and after slavery was outlawed created illegal laws that made a joke of the U.S. Constitution, and trashed the Declaration of Independence which was anything but being true American and this is the way it remained until the 1960s Civil Rights movement.

Not much has changed. We still have a strong racist element in America and will continue to do so until this dark period in America's history is talked about and hashed out between the races. Many white Americans will probably never change their negative view of blacks which was initiated by erring scientist years ago and continue to pass their hate down from generation to generation.

So what does this have to do with American standards?

America in its infancy was slowly creating a standard that would become admired over the world. Although quickly fading from practice in our day the American standard consisted of honesty in business dealings, promoting fairness, practicing proper relationships, justice, civility, right dress, speech, eating, and anything positive that enriched the community as a whole. Yes, even racist anti-Americans understood and lived by these standards when it didn't conflict with their hate.

Now here's the problem.

With blacks finally attaining enforcement of their civil rights in the 1960s, many didn't quite know which standard to live. Many wondered to themselves, "Should we live under the American standard where many were unkind to us and made us feel unwelcome or continue living under the old Negro standard that was adopted during and after slavery?"

In the following movie, great black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux created a film entitled "Birthright" which was about a well spoken black man named (Peter) who left his Southern roots to go to Harvard and obtain his education. He returned to the south with the hopes of opening up schools to teach the young black kids. He met a beautiful woman (Sissy), and both shared a mutual love interest, and while at a house he was living they had a conversation where she mentioned that since he had an education, he now lived under a different code or (standard) than the other black people in the Southern town. Sissy tells him that since he changed his code (standard) and returned to judge the residents, it wasn't fair. Blacks in the city still lived by the old Negro code or standard. This movie can be found in its entirety on Netflix under (Pioneers of African-American Cinema) There are still many blacks today who live by this old Negro code or standard.

What's a Negro standard?

Many blacks took pride in being different from white America, even down to this day. So during slavery we created our special language to communicate with each other (AAVE), our flashy style of dress, our own and unique way we dealt with one another, it's a standard white people just wouldn't understand, and we loved it because it belonged to us. It's how we survived for decades.

 american standards

Did blacks hold onto the old Negro standard
after the Civil Rights movement?

After the 60s, it wasn't easy trying to blend in and assimilate into the American way of doing things, especially when you know there are ones that hate you. It could be very discouraging. It was especially hard on our black men. But happily many blacks made the smart choice of choosing the American standard, even though they knew they would be called Uncle Toms or sellouts by members of our race for trying to act white or like the enemy as they saw it.

These people were wise because they understood just like the slaves of old what this country was founded on and this gave them strength to live as true Americans. They could care less about racist whites and their hate for us or the foolish blacks who would say bad things about them. They remembered true American brothers like William Whipple and made their mind to follow the American standard of living.

Now if these blacks had stayed in the old Negro standard, they would have been left behind. You cannot blend the American standard with the old Negro standard. It would never work, and that goes for others such as Mexicans, Chinese, Middle Eastern, etc. We all must live by one standard way of doing things in America, even if we may hate one another.

So, if one from the old Negro standard wants to achieve it would be a mistake to look at it as trying to be white. No, we are working to be better Americans, true Americans. Browse through this website and learn about the countless number of blacks who died so that we could attempt this.

After the Civil Rights movement when whites were finally able to have contact with blacks through the event of integration many came to the realization that blacks were not much different than themselves. We're all humans, not like those crazy racist scientists preached as fact years ago to ruin America. They have much blood on their hands.

We must achieve and become victorious even under the bad hand of white racist which without a doubt we will encounter on our American journey. The only difference is today; it's not out in the open like it once was.

But on the other hand, we will also encounter the William Whipple's of the world. How do you think we elected a black President? It couldn't have been accomplished without white people. That in a sense was William voting for our first black president. So when issues arise, don't hate America, if you must hate at all hate the actions of the anti-American racist who reside in her.

 american standards

We can't let anyone hold us back from achieving our dreams which wouldn't make any sense believing "I'm gonna waste my life away with selfish pleasure seeking because of the white man, and also my homies will call me a sellout if I attempt to better myself." which is the thinking from the old Negro standard.

We must all strive to be sharp, smart, successful and proud African Americans living under American standards because it's the best in the world and many of our ancestors died for the opportunity we have today.

So to answer the above question, are all men created equal? It depends on who point of view you take. If you look through the eyes of racist anti-American people, then we are not created equal, but if you look at it through the eyes of true Americans, yes without a doubt we are all created equal and share mutually in achieving in America which is the greatest country in the world.

I think I'll look at it through the eyes of true America, like our friend and American brother William Whipple.


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african americans and weddings

Michael Jordan
Michael Jordan
photo #102-yr-1999

Jerome Kersey
Jerome Kersey
photo #114-yr-2015

     Famous Weddings in 2013
  • March 30, 2013 - Mekhi Phifer  and Reshelet Barnes were wed.

  • April 6, 2013 - Bria Valente and Alex Reece were wed.

  • April 27, 2013 - Michael Jordan and Yvette Prieto were wed.

  • June 8, 2013 - Rockmond Dunbar and Maya Gilbert were wed.

  • June 22, 2013 - George Lucas and Mellody Hobson were wed.

  • June 22, 2013 - NeNe Leakes and Gregg Leakes were wed.

  • June 24, 2013 - Nnamdi Asomugha and Kerry Washington were wed.

  • July 5, 2013 - Mathew Knowles and Gena Charmaine Avery were wed.

  • July 7, 2013 - Jrue Holiday and Lauren Cheney were wed.

  • July 8, 2013 - Wiz Khalifa and Amber Rose were wed.

  • July 2013 - Tina Turner and Erwin Bach were wed.

  • September 12, 2013 - Cody Runnels  and Brandi Reed were wed.

  • September 14, 2013 - LeBron James and Savannah Brinson were wed.

  • September 14, 2013 - John Legend and Christy Teigen were wed.

  • September 15, 2013 - Rosie Perez and Eric Hayes were wed.

  • September 21, 2013 - Jerome Kersey and Teri (Teresa Folsom) Donnerberg were wed.

  • September 28, 2013 - Dohn Norwood and Marlene Glasper were wed.

  • October 12, 2013 - Pharrell Williams and Helen Lasichanh were wed.

  • October 12, 2013 - Jill Knox and Keith Powell were wed.

  • December 10, 2013 - Allison Holker and Stephen Boss were wed.

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famous african american divorces

Toni Braxton
Toni Braxton
photo #104-yr-1967

     Famous Divorces in 2013
  • July 25, 2013 - Toni Braxton  and Keri Lewis were divorced.

  • August 16, 2013 - Rutina Wesley and Jacob Fishel were divorced.

  • August 21, 2013 - Tim Duncan and Amy Sherrill were divorced.

  • September 2013 - Columbus Short and Tanee McCall were divorced.

  • December 31, 2013 - Luciana Abreu and Yannick Djaló were divorced.

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hip hop soul music

James Brown
James Brown
photo #103-yr-1933

 Louis Jordan
Louis Jordan
photo #110-yr-1938

Otis Clay
Otis Clay
photo #104-yr-2013

     Music in 2013

  Billboard Top Soul Hits:
  • "Diamonds" Rihanna

  • "I Cry" Flo Rida

  • "Gangnam Style" PSY

  • "Thrift Shop" Macklemore & Ryan Lewis featuring Wanz

  • "Suit & Tie" Justin Timberlake featuring Jay-Z

  • "Can't Hold Us" Macklemore & Ryan Lewis featuring Ray Dalton

  • "Blurred Lines" Robin Thicke featuring T.I. & Pharrell

  • "Holy Grail" Jay-Z featuring Justin Timberlake

  • "Berzerk" Eminem

  • "Hold On, We're Going Home" Drake featuring Majid Jordan

  • "Rap God" Eminem

  • "The Monster" Eminem featuring Rihanna

  Popular Soul Dances:
  • Getting Light

  • Swag Surfin’

  • The Dutty Wine

  • Crumping

  • Daggering

  • The Booty Bounce

  • The Harlem Shake

  • Flapping Your Wings

  • The Chicken Head

  Musical Happenings in 2013:
  • August 17, 2013 - the official R&B Music Hall of Fame honored and inducted James Brown at a ceremony held at the Waetejen Auditorium at Cleveland State University.

 Blues Hall of Fame for 2013:
    The Blues Hall of Fame is a music museum located in Memphis, Tennessee. Until recently, the "Blues Hall of Fame" was not a physical building, but a listing of people who have significantly contributed to blues music. Started in 1980 by the Blues Foundation, it honors those who have performed, recorded, or documented blues. The actual building for the hall opened to the public on May 8, 2015

  • Otis Clay
  • Earl Hooker
  • Little Brother Montgomery
  • Jimmie Rodgers
  • Jody Williams
  • Joe Louis Walker

 BET Awards winners in 2013:
    The 2013 BET Awards were held at the Nokia Theatre L.A. Live in Los Angeles, California on June 30, 2013. The awards ceremony recognized Americans in music, movies, sports and other fields of entertainment over the past year. Chris Tucker hosted the event.

    Best Female Hip-Hop Artist
  • Nicki Minaj

  • Best Male Hip-Hop Artist
  • Kendrick Lamar

  • Best Gospel Artist
  • Mary Mary

  • Best Female R&B Artist
  • Rihanna

  • Best Male R&B Artist
  • Miguel

  • Best Group
  • Macklemore & Ryan Lewis

  • Best New Artist
  • Kendrick Lamar

  • Best Collaboration
  • "Problems" – A$AP Rocky feat. Drake, 2 Chainz & Kendrick Lamar

  • Video of the Year
  • "Started from the Bottom" – Drake

  • Video Director of the Year
  • Benny Boom

  • Viewer's Choice
  • "Started from the Bottom" – Drake

  • YoungStars Award
  • Gabrielle Douglas

  • Centric Award
  • Tamar Braxton

  • Best Actress
  • Kerry Washington

  • Best Actor
  • Jamie Foxx

  • Best Movie
  • Think Like a Man

  • Best Female Athlete
  • Gabrielle Douglas

  • Best Male Athlete
  • Lebron James

  • Best International Act: Africa
  • Ice Prince (Nigeria)

  • Best International Act: United Kingdom
  • Emeli Sandé

  • Humanitarian Award
  • Dwyane Wade

  • Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Charlie Wilson

 Grammy winners in 2013:
    The 55th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 10, 2013, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The show was broadcast on CBS at 8 p.m. ET/PT and was hosted for the second time by LL Cool J.

    Song of the Year
  • "We Are Young" (Fun featuring Janelle Monáe)

  • Best R&B Performance
  • "Climax" – Usher

  • Best Traditional R&B Performance
  • "Love on Top" – Beyoncé

  • Best R&B Song
  • "Adorn" Miguel Pimentel, songwriter (Miguel)

  • Best Urban Contemporary Album
  • Channel Orange – Frank Ocean

  • Best R&B Album
  • Black Radio – Robert Glasper Experiment

  • Best Rap Performance
  • "Ni**as in Paris" – Jay-Z & Kanye West

  • Best Rap/Sung Collaboration
  • "No Church in the Wild" – Jay-Z and Kanye West featuring Frank Ocean & The-Dream

  • Best Rap Song
  • "Ni**as In Paris"

  • Best Rap Album
  • Take Care – Drake

  • Best Gospel Song
  • "Go Get It"

  • Best Gospel Album
  • Gravity – Lecrae

  • Best Contemporary Christian Music Album
  • Eye on It – TobyMac

  • Best Reggae Album
  • Rebirth – Jimmy Cliff

  • Best Album Notes
  • Billy Vera, album notes writer (Ray Charles)

  • Best Short Form Music Video
  • "We Found Love" – Rihanna & Calvin Harris

  • President's Merit Award
  • L.A. Reid

  • Grammy Hall of Fame Award
  • "Ain't Nobody Here but Us Chickens" Louis Jordan and His Tympany Five

  • Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • The Temptations

  • For many winners, this year's Grammy Award wasn't their first. These winners now (2013) have achieved three or more wins. These artists have received the most cumulative Grammy Awards:

  • 19th, 20th and 21st Grammy: Kanye West

  • 15th, 16th and 17th Grammy: Jay Z

  • 14th Grammy: Beyoncé (plus three as member of Destiny's Child)

  • 6th Grammy: Rihanna

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3 level hi-top fade
3 level hi-top fade
photo #110-yr-2010

Polo-neck shirts
Polo-neck shirts
photo #111-yr-2010

tribal prints
1990s inspired tribal prints fashionable in the 2010s
photo #112-yr-2010

     Fashions in 2013

  Popular Fashions:

    The 2010s ("twenty-tens") have been defined by a revival of austerity era period pieces, 1980s neon colors, and from late 2012 to 2014, unisex early 1990s styles influenced by grunge and skater fashions.

    The early 2010s saw many recycled fashions from the 1950s, 1970s and 1980s as designers from stores like Topshop replicated original vintage clothing. In the United States, it was popular to wear designer brands like Gucci, Chanel, and Versace, neon colors such as pink, green, teal, black, purple, and yellow. Popular upper apparel includes ugly sweaters, khaki superdry trenchcoats, T-shirts with blazers, plaid, oversized flannel shirts worn or tied around the waist, oversized T-shirts, padded gilets, and crew neck sweaters. Crop tops were also reintroduced, but they didn't prove popular in stores. In the UK and the US, popular bottom apparel includes skinny jeans, leggings, parachute pants, railroad stripe pants or skirts, boyfriend jeans, and high-waisted shorts. Monochromatic clothing trends of 2014 and early 2015 included black and white lace dresses, lace blouses, jackets and dresses with peter pan collars, blazers, tuxedo jackets (often having contrasting black velvet or satin lapels), crop tops, oversized coats, striped culottes, loose Capri pants, patent leather gladiator sandals, romper suits, puffer jackets and vests. Brief fads of the mid 2010s included snuggie sleeved blankets and the unisex onesie suit. Desirable footwear included rain boots, flat sandals, stilettos, Keds, TOMS Shoes, Chucks, Sperry top-siders boat shoes, flat knee high riding boots, Uggs, Hunter brand rain boots, Ballerina flats, cavalier boots, gladiator sandals, combat boots, Doc Martens, and The Timberland Company hiking boots.

    Neon colors and elaborate T-shirts were popular for much of the early 2010s, especially graphic print hoodies, novelty socks, red or blue skinny jeans, studded belts with large buckles, and Ed Hardy T-shirts embellished with rhinestones. Many styles from the late 2000s remained fashionable in the Americas, with brands such as Polo Ralph Lauren and J Crew being well favored. Popular tops for men aged 20–50 included shawl collar cardigans, V-neck T-shirts, acid wash denim work shirts, cable knit pullovers, Tartan flannel Western shirts with snap fastenings, grunge style padded tartan overshirts in red, navy blue or dark green, throwback basketball or baseball uniforms, denim jackets, Aloha shirts, car coats, 1930s style linen sportcoats, brown or black brogues, and black leather jackets like the Schott Perfecto motorcycle jacket. Men's accessories of the early 2010s included Doc Martens, The Timberland Company, combat boots, Converse All Stars, Sperry Top-Siders, Nike Elite crew socks, snapback hats inspired by artists like Mac Miller, brown Oxford shoes, and classic Nike trainers.

    Hip Hop:
    Hip hop fans wear tactical pants, Nike Air Jordans, Ralph Lauren Polo Boots, Obey and Diamond Supply Co. T-shirts and snapbacks, Hollister T-shirts, and goggle jackets. Retro 1980s fashions like snapbacks, skinny acid-wash jeans, baseball caps, baseball jackets, nylon tracksuits, varsity jackets, Vans, Chuck Taylors, rain boots, retro Nikes, Shell tube socks, leather jackets, Levis, Adidas and Nike apparel, gold chains, Ray Ban sunglasses, Air Jordans, and over-sized sweaters, and colors such as red, green, and yellow, made a comeback in the African American community due to the influence of drum and bass, rave music, and indie pop-inspired rappers. Independent brands have risen to popularity, as well as floral print items and tie-dye items. Button-down shirts are often worn fully buttoned. Black boots, leather jackets, denim vests, bombers, monochrome sports jerseys, waxed jeans, black varsity jackets, tapered sweatpants, drop-crotch trousers, layering shorts over leggings and occasionally floral print are all popular trends within this style as well. Other notable rappers that sport this look include Kendrick Lamar, Danny Brown, and Pusha T.

    The hi-top fade style fell completely out of fashion by the late 90's, but it has made a great comeback in the mid-2010s due to the late 1980s/early 1990s revival in hip hop fashion that started since 2011, and inspired by Wiz Khalifa. The hi-top fade was and still is commonly called just a flattop, due to the great likeness of the two styles. In fact, the hi-top fade could qualify as a variation on the flattop. Many African-American and Afro-Caribbean British women favor natural, Afro-textured hair in reaction to the damage caused by relaxers which were extremely popular in the 2000s, opting instead for natural products to style their hair. For African-American men, mohawk variants of the Afro, The 360 Waves, jheri curl and The Taper are popular in the 2010s, as are shaved patterns or "steps" into variants of the buzzcut.

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african americans and religion

How did religion begin for the American Negro?

Well, it was an exciting journey for sure, but as usual, we have to go back into history for the likely answer. Before arriving in America as slaves, generally speaking, our ancestors practiced a religion which included fetishism.

What is fetishism you may ask?

 Traditional  Benin Voodoo Dance
Traditional Benin Voodoo Dance

Fetishism is a man-made object (such as the doll aound the lady's neck in the picture) that is thought to have power over others. Africans were extremely superstitious in their native land.

But once exposed to religious teachers in America, quickly left their superstitious past behind them, and would frown upon new arrivals of Africans who practiced fetishism in religion.

In Europe, the Roman Catholic Church had lost their grip on people with their questionable religious practices. There were many who thought the Church was wrong and formed a protest or a Protestant Reformation that resulted in the creation of tons of different religions with their doctrines and teachings claiming to be Christian.

Religion definition:
A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems,
and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.

Episcopal, Jesuits, Methodists, Protestant, Anglican, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Presbyterianism, Wesleyanism were all against Roman Catholic teachings.

But there would be a new religion on the horizon for humanity that went by the name of science. The introduction of science was in many ways entirely different than Christianity because it taught man to believe and rely on himself and his creations, rather than on a Supreme Being he couldn't see.

Faith is something foreign and unbelievable to a scientist. Also, this new form of religion would give these believers complete moral authority to do as they wished without a guilty conscience or retribution from a Surpreme Being.

This is what made slavery right or moral in the eyes of so many whites because new science taught that whites were superior and blacks inferior. The theory of evolution is another example in clear teaching that the world exists because of a big bang instead of being created, and also man evolved from apes rather than being created.

Do you believe in Evolution? If so, evolution is your religion because mainstream religion and evolution just don't jive, it's either one or the other.

During slavery, most of the first black congregations and churches were founded by free blacks, but slaves learned about Christianity by attending services led by a white preacher or supervised by a white person. Slaveholders often held prayer meetings at their plantations. Methodist and Baptist were the preferred choices of slaves because of its message.

But after slavery blacks were still restricted in the white churches so what they did next is not a surprise. They began to form their churches free from white rulership and exclusion, but kept the doctrine and teachings, but of course with a more lively twist (singing and dancing). It's clear they still had African culture in their hearts. This would mark the beginning of a new American creation, the black church.

The following is a very brief history of religion in Black America:

Pentacostal -
 Pentacostal Movement
    William Seymour
William J. Seymour - photo#111-yr-2015

Charles Fox Parham an independent holiness evangelist who believed strongly in divine healing, was an important figure in the emergence of Pentecostalism as a distinct Christian movement. But it wasn't until one of his black students named William J. Seymour learned these teaching and took it back to California with him that the Pentecostal movement took off like wildfire.

Seymour's preaching sparked the famous three-year-long Azusa Street Revival in 1906. Worship at the racially integrated Azusa Mission featured an absence of any order of service. (whites would later dislike this) People preached and testified as moved by the Spirit, spoke and sung in tongues, and fell in the Spirit. Blacks whites and other races would attend these services. But there was a matter of Jim Crow to be kept in mind that made it illegal for blacks and whites to mix.

So whites broke away from Seymour and began their Pentecostal churches. It's a fact that the beginning of the widespread Pentecostal movement in the United States is considered to have started with one-eyed black preacher William J. Seymour's Azusa Street Revival.

The Church Of God in Christ (COGIC) -
 The Church Of God in Christ baptism
Church Of God in Christ Baptism

The Church Of God in Christ was formed in 1897 by a group of disfellowshiped Baptists, most notably Charles Price Jones (1865–1949) and Charles Harrison Mason (1866–1961) and is a Pentecostal Christian denomination with a predominantly African-American membership. It ranks as the largest Pentecostal denomination and the fifth largest Christian denomination in the U.S. Evangelical Baptist, and Methodist preachers traveled throughout the South in the Great Awakening of the late 18th century and appealed directly to slaves, and a few thousand slaves converted. Early COGIC leaders were very much attracted by the Pentecostal message and would break from the Baptist for this reason.

A.M.E. Church -
The African Methodist Episcopal Church, usually called the A.M.E. Church, is a predominantly African-American Methodist denomination based in the US. It is the oldest independent Protestant denomination founded by blacks in the world. It was founded by the Rt. Rev. Richard Allen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1816 from several black Methodist congregations in the mid-Atlantic area that wanted independence from white Methodists.

Baptists -
Baptists are individuals who comprise a group of denominations and churches that subscribe to a doctrine that baptism should be performed only for professing believers (believer's baptism, as opposed to infant baptism) and that it must be done by complete immersion (as opposed to affusion or sprinkling). Other tenets of Baptist churches include soul competency (liberty), salvation through faith alone, Scripture alone as the rule of faith and practice, and the autonomy of the local congregation. Baptists recognize two ministerial offices, pastors, and deacons. Baptist churches are widely considered to be Protestant churches, though some Baptists disavow this identity.

Islam -
An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Jews felt like they were chosen people who were promised a land filled with milk and honey, a holy land. This promise was made to Abraham and his seed. Abraham's wife Sarah had trouble conceiving children so to keep the promise alive and in the family she chose Hagar who was an Egyptian handmaid to have sexual relations with Abraham to bear a son, which is what they did. This son's name was Ishmael.

But something happened later that would throw things into a tizzy. At a very old age Sarah was now able to have kids and bore a son named Isaac.

Now here's the problem. Does the promise belong to Sarah's son or Hagar's son? Sarah felt it belonged to her bloodline, so she sent Hagar and Ishmael into the wilderness for them to die. But guess what? They didn't die. Muhammad who was the final prophet sent by God as identified in the Quran was born within Ishmael's seed line.

So even to this day these two groups don't care for each other.

Science -
This religion by far has proven to be the most destructive for humankind. Its users have created a world of me, me, me, by magnifying themselves, sincerely believing they are all of that and a bag of chips. Also the belief that spirited competition is healthy and useful. Win at all cost! The survival of the fittest theory. Many genocides were accomplished in the name of science. It teaches us that man originates from apes, (many blacks lost their life because of this false teaching) the earth was created from nothing and in essence humans are their gods. The bad far outweighs the good with the practice of science. Just look around.

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United States Census for Negroes
United States Census for African Americans
in the 2010s

Bessie Coleman
Bessie Coleman
photo #104-yr-1892

Bayard Rustin
Bayard Rustin
photo #116-yr-1910

Charles Young
Colonel Charles Young (United States Army)

Allen Toussaint
Allen Toussaint
photo #116-yr-2015

Our Community in 2013

Newsworthy Events in the Black Community:

  • 2013 - Allen Toussaint was awarded the National Medal of Arts by President Barack Obama.

  • November 20, 2013 - President Barack Obama posthumously awarded Civil Rights leader Bayard Rustin the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

  • 2013 - President Barack Obama used the Antiquities Act to designate Colonel Charles Young's house as the 401st unit of the National Park System, the Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument.

  • 2013 - Bessie Coleman was placed at No. 14 on Flying Magazine's 2013 list of the "51 Heroes of Aviation".

  • 2010s - The United States Population is 308,745,538 with a total of 38,929,319 being African Americans.

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#100 -   Brencoombs at English Wikipedia [ GFDL or CC-BY-SA-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

#101 -   By National Library of Medicine [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#102 -   By Bowman Gum [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#103 -   By The White House [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

#104 -   By Masahiro Sumori (Own work) [CC BY 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons

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